Directives - Table of Contents Directives - Table of Contents
• Record Type: Instruction
• Directive Number: CPL 03-00-003
• Old Directive Number: CPL 03-00-003
• Title: National Emphasis Program on Amputations
• Information Date: 10/27/2006

There is a PowerPoint presentation attached to this directive.

OSHA INSTRUCTION


DIRECTIVE NUMBER: CPL 03-00-003 EFFECTIVE DATE: October 27, 2006
SUBJECT: National Emphasis Program on Amputations

ABSTRACT

Purpose: This Instruction describes policies and procedures for implementing a National Emphasis Program (NEP) to identify and to reduce workplace machinery and equipment hazards which are causing or likely to cause amputations.
Scope: OSHA-wide.
References: OSHA Instruction CPL 04-00-001, (CPL 2-0.102A) Procedures for Approval of Local Emphasis Programs, November 11, 1999.
Cancellations: OSHA Instruction CPL 03-00-002 (CPL 2-1.35), National Emphasis Program on Amputations, March 26, 2002.
Expiration Date: None.
State Impact: State adoption required in part, See paragraph V.
[State Adoption Summary]
Action Offices: National, Regional, and Area Offices
Originating Office: Directorate of Enforcement Programs
Contact: Directorate of Enforcement Programs
Office of General Industry Enforcement
200 Constitution Avenue, NW, N3119
Washington, DC 20210
(202-693-1850)

By and Under the Authority of

Edwin G. Foulke, Jr.
Assistant Secretary


Executive Summary:

On February 28, 1997, Instruction CPL 2-1.24 established and implemented a National Emphasis Program on Mechanical Power Presses as part of the Agency's strategic goal of reducing amputations in general industry workplaces. Following that Program, on March 26, 2002, OSHA implemented OSHA Instruction CPL 03-00-002 (previously known as CPL 2-1.35), National Emphasis Program on Amputations, in order to address additional machinery associated with amputation hazards thereby reducing injuries.

In order to build on the success of the previous programs, OSHA through this Instruction, National Emphasis Program on Amputations, is administratively revising OSHA Instruction CPL 03-00-002, National Emphasis Program on Amputations to more effectively reduce amputations and fatalities in selected industries. To qualify, the selected industry would need to meet two criteria, High IMIS violations coupled with High BLS Amputation Numbers, or High IMIS violations coupled with High BLS Amputation Rates. Through this approach, the Agency will use its resources to more effectively reduce amputation injuries and accomplish its strategic goals.

Significant Changes:

This Instruction expands on the existing National Emphasis Program on Amputations. Major changes include:
  • The revised directive focuses on identifying industries and establishments associated with amputations rather than on equipment associated with amputations.

  • Appendix D of the revised directive lists some of the typical machinery and equipment associated with amputations.

  • The revised directive incorporates a comparison chart for the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) codes and the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) codes in Appendix B.

  • The revised targeting methodology is based on a combination of more current data from IMIS and BLS sources as explained in Appendix C.

  • The revised targeting methodology includes two additional standards that are generally recognized as being related to amputation hazards. The additional standards are §1910.147, The Control of Hazardous Energy (Lockout/Tagout) and §1910.219, Mechanical Power-transmission Apparatus.


TABLE OF CONTENTS
  1. PURPOSE

  2. SCOPE

  3. REFERENCES

  4. CANCELLATIONS

  5. FEDERAL PROGRAM CHANGE

  6. ACTION

  7. APPLICATION

  8. BACKGROUND

  9. PROGRAM PROCEDURES

  10. SCHEDULING AND RESOURCE ALLOCATION

  11. COORDINATION

  12. CONSULTATION PROGRAMS

  13. TRAINING

  14. FEDERAL AGENCIES

  15. PROGRAM EVALUATION

  16. RELATIONSHIP TO OTHER PROGRAMS

  17. RECORDING AND TRACKING

  18. DUN & BRADSTREET'S NUMBER

  19. APPENDICES

    APPENDIX A

    APPENDIX B

    APPENDIX C

    APPENDIX D

    INDEX

  1. Purpose. This Instruction describes policies and procedures for implementing a National Emphasis Program (NEP) to identify and to reduce workplace machine and equipment hazards which are causing or likely to cause amputations.

  2. Scope. This Instruction applies OSHA-wide.

  3. References.

    1. OSHA Instruction CPL 04-00-001, November 10, 1999, Procedures for Approval of Local Emphasis Programs and Experimental Programs.

    2. OSHA Standards 29 CFR 1910, Subpart J, General Environmental Controls, §1910.147, The Control of Hazardous Energy (Lockout/Tagout).

    3. OSHA Standards 29 CFR 1910, Subpart O, Machinery and Machine Guarding.

    4. OSHA Standards 29 CFR 1910, Subpart P, Hand and Portable Powered Tools & Other Hand-Held Equipment.

    5. OSHA's Safety and Health Management Guidelines, 54 FR 3904, January 26, 1989.

    6. OSHA Instruction CPL 02-00-025, January 4, 1995, Scheduling System for Programmed Inspections.

    7. OSHA Instruction STD 01-05-019, September 11, 1990, 29 CFR 1910.147, The Control of Hazardous Energy (Lockout/Tagout) – Inspection Procedures and Interpretive Guidance.

    8. Executive Order 12196, Section 1-201.

    9. OSHA Standards 29 CFR 1960.16, Compliance with OSHA Standards.

    10. OSHA Instruction CSP 01-00-002, March 21, 2001, State Plan Policies and Procedures Manual (SPM).

    11. OSHA Instruction CPL 02-00-103, September 26, 1994, Field Inspection Reference Manual (FIRM).

    12. OSHA Publication 3157, A Guide for Protecting Workers from Woodworking Hazards.

    13. OSHA Safety and Health Topics Web Page, Machine Guarding, http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/machineguarding/index.html

    14. OSHA Safety and Health Topics Web Page, Control of Hazardous Energy, http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/controlhazardousenergy/index.html

    15. OSHA Instruction CPL 02-00-051, Enforcement Exemptions and Limitations under the Appropriations Act.

    16. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), Table R1. Number of Nonfatal Occupational Injuries and Illnesses Involving Days Away From Work by Industry and Selected Natures of Injury or Illness, 1999, 2000, 2001, and 2002.

    17. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), Table R5. Incidence Rates for Nonfatal Occupa¬tional Injuries and Illnesses by Involving Days Away From Work per 10,000 Full-Time Workers by Industry and Selected Natures of Injury or Illness, 1999, 2000, 2001, and 2002.

    18. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), Table R25. Number of Nonfatal Occupational Injuries and Illnesses Involving Days Away From Work by Source of Injury or Illness and Selected Natures of Injury or Illness, 1999, 2000, 2001, and 2002.

    19. Integrated Management Information System (IMIS), data for §1910.147, §1910.212, §1910.213, §1910.217, and §1910.219 limited to fiscal years 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004 and 2005.

    20. Executive Office of the President, Standard Industrial Classification Manual, 1987.

    21. Executive Office of the President, North American Industry Classification System, United States, 1997.

    22. Executive Office of the President, North American Industry Classification System, United States, 2002.

    23. Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 [29 U.S.C. §654(a)(1 - 2)].

  4. Cancellations. OSHA Instruction CPL 03-00-002, National Emphasis Program on Amputations, March 26, 2002.

  5. Federal Program Change. This instruction describes a Federal Program change. Because of the significant nature of the policy changes contained in this instruction, notice of intent regarding State adoption of an Amputations emphasis program in response to this Instruction is required. The notice should indicate whether the State's program is/will be identical to or different from the Federal.

    If a State adopts an emphasis program on Amputations which differs from the Federal, States may either post their policy on their State Plan's website and provide a link to OSHA or submit their policy to OSHA in electronic format, for posting on OSHA's website. An explanation of the differences must also be posted/submitted for posting. Where the State adopts an identical emphasis program on Amputations, a statement to that effect with appropriate State references may be sufficient for posting.

    State Emphasis Programs: In general, States are expected to keep their Regional Administrators informed of all State emphasis programs, whether the same as the Federal or different, and of experimental programs, local problem solving projects, etc. A list of the State's Local Emphasis Programs must be accessible to all interested parties through posting on the State's website or submission to OSHA for posting. Where State emphasis programs differ from the Federal, the assignment of appropriate IMIS identifier codes should be coordinated with the Directorate of Information Technology and the Regional Administrator.

  6. Action. OSHA Regional Administrators, Area Directors and National Office Directors must ensure that the policies and procedures set forth in this directive are followed. Regional Administrators must also ensure that the State Consultation Program Managers and the State Plan State Designees in their Regions are apprised of the contents of this NEP and its required Area Office Outreach initiatives. Regional Administrators are to encourage Consultation Programs' involvement in this Agency-wide effort.

  7. Application. This instruction applies to general industry workplaces identified pursuant to paragraph IX(B)(6), where any machinery and equipment that are likely to cause amputations are present (See Appendix D (not inclusive) for guidance on the types of machinery and equipment most often associated with amputations).

  8. Background. The failure to properly apply machine guarding techniques and the failure to adequately control associated energy hazards during servicing and/or maintenance activities are primary causes of amputations. OSHA has determined that CPL 03-00-002 (CPL 2-1.35), National Emphasis Program on Amputations, which has been in effect since March 26, 2002, should be revised to better target industries with amputation hazards. OSHA has modified its targeting methodology to identify additional industries to further reduce the number of amputations and fatalities.

    The operation of machinery and equipment can be extremely dangerous, and compliance with OSHA's machine guarding and hazardous energy control standards needs to be improved. Injuries involving machinery and equipment often result in death or permanent disability, and OSHA's inspection history indicates that employee exposures to unguarded or inadequately guarded machinery and equipment, together with associated hazardous energy employee exposures during servicing and maintenance activities, occur in many workplaces. Subparts J, O, and P of 29 CFR 1910 provide for safety measures that need to be used for the safe operation, servicing and maintenance of machinery and equipment. Machinery and equipment are covered by standards such as, but not limited to, §1910.147, §1910.212, §1910.213, §1910.217, and §1910.219.

  9. Program Procedures. This NEP includes four major activities: outreach, targeting/selection, inspection, and program approval. In order to ensure that the selected industries have time to review their own compliance, inspections are not to begin until 60 calendar days after the effective date of this directive.

    1. Outreach. Each Regional and Area Office must develop or continue to offer outreach programs that support the purpose of this NEP to identify and reduce workplace hazards associated with all types of machinery and equipment. Outreach programs with employers, professional associations, and local unions may include meetings, training, education, mailings, speeches or other activities designed to involve employee and management stakeholders in the identification and elimination of hazards associated with machinery. The Office of Communications will provide support to the Regional and Area Offices. Employers with ten or fewer employees are to be included in the outreach effort. At the discretion of the Regional and Area Offices, outreach materials may either be mailed directly, or made available upon request, to employers, professional associations, and local unions.

    2. Targeting/Site Selection. Inspections conducted under this NEP must be scheduled and conducted pursuant to the following priorities.

      1. The intent of the NEP is to target workplaces (See Section IX(B)(7)) with machinery and equipment that cause (or are capable of causing) amputations and workplaces where amputations have occurred, in order to reduce amputation injuries while maximizing the Agency's inspection resources. Although Section IX(B)(7) lists the target industries by SIC code, Area and Regional Offices are to ensure that they schedule and conduct enforcement activities following the guidelines set forth in CPL 02-00-051, Enforcement Exemptions and Limitations under the Appropriations Act using the most recent listing of the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) codes found in Appendix A of CPL 02-00-051. For assistance, this (i.e., NEP on Amputations) Directive provides a comparison chart of the SIC and NAICS codes in Appendix B.

      2. Establishments with ten or fewer employees are not to be inspected but are to be included in the outreach effort.

      3. Developing Inspection Lists. Using the most recently available Dun & Bradstreet employer list prepared by the National Office, each Area and Regional Office will prepare a master list of establishments using the identified SIC codes referenced at Section IX(B)(7) of this directive.

      4. Area Offices will add to the master list general industry establishments where amputation injuries or fatalities related to machinery and equipment have occurred in the five years preceding the effective date of this directive. Local evidence of amputations will be based on IMIS accident data and, if available, workers' compensation data, OSHA 200 and OSHA 300 data, NIOSH data, and other reliable sources of information (e.g., reports of amputations from hospital admissions, Emergency Medical Services, fire department, and police reports). The basis for an addition to the master list must be documented.

      5. Establishments on the master list prepared by the National Office pursuant to Section IX(B)(3) of this directive are arranged alphabetically by company name.

      6. Additions to the master list from the list prepared by the National Office pursuant to Section IX(B)(4) are to be arranged alphabetically and added to the bottom of the master list.

        Based on local knowledge, Regional and Area offices may delete establishments that are not likely to have the targeted machinery and equipment, or firms known to be out of business, documenting the basis for such determinations. CSHOs will proceed with the programmed inspection where it has been determined that a new business is using the same plant and equipment of the previous business. Further, any establishment, other than those where amputations are known to have occurred which had a comprehensive safety inspection in the previous 24 months, will be deleted from the list.

        Once the master list with additions and deletions is completed, each establishment is to be assigned a sequential number, starting at the top of the list with number one. The Random Number Table (see the most current version of OSHA instruction CPL 02-00-025) will then be applied to create the first cycle of five to fifty establishments. Subsequent cycles will be created in the same way until all establishments on the list have been assigned to a cycle. Cycles may be created all at once or as needed and need not be the same size.

        Inspections may then be scheduled using the first cycle list. Establishments on the cycle list may be inspected in any order, so that Area Office resources are efficiently used. Once a cycle has begun, all establishments in the cycle will be inspected before a new cycle is begun, except for carryovers that will be allowed as provided in OSHA Instruction CPL 02-00-025, at paragraph B.l.b.(l)(e)(l).

        If cycles are not prepared, establishments on the inspection list are to be inspected in the order determined by the application of the Random Number Table.

      7. National Data Selection Criteria: The revised targeting methodology includes IMIS enforcement data from the following standards: §1910.147, The Control of Hazardous Energy (Lockout/Tagout), §1910.212, General Requirements for all Machines, §1910.213 Woodworking Machinery, §1910.217, Mechanical Power Presses and §1910.219, Mechanical Power-transmission Apparatus. These standards are combined with BLS Amputation Numbers and Rates (See Appendix C).

        The selected SICs have High IMIS Numbers coupled with High BLS Amputation Numbers or High IMIS Numbers coupled with High BLS Amputation Rates:

        • 2011 Meat Packing Plants
        • 2013 Sausages and Other Prepared Meat Products
        • 2015 Poultry Slaughtering and Processing
        • 2022 Natural, Processed, and Imitation Cheese
        • 2051 Bread and Other Bakery Products, Except Cookies and Crackers
        • 2099 Food Preparations, NEC
        • 2299 Textile Goods, NEC
        • 2411 Logging
        • 2421 Sawmills and Planing Mills, General
        • 2426 Hardwood Dimension and Flooring Mills
        • 2431 Millwork
        • 2434 Wood Kitchen Cabinets
        • 2448 Wood Pallets and Skids
        • 2511 Wood Household Furniture, Except Upholstered
        • 2621 Paper Mills
        • 2653 Corrugated and Solid Fiber Boxes
        • 2671 Packaging Paper and Plastics Film, Coated and Laminated
        • 2673 Plastics, Foil, and Coated Paper Bags
        • 2752 Commercial Printing, Lithographic
        • 3089 Plastics Products, NEC
        • 3272 Concrete Products, Except Block and Brick
        • 3315 Steel Wiredrawing and Steel Nails and Spikes
        • 3316 Cold-Rolled Steel Sheet, Strip, and Bars
        • 3317 Steel Pipe and Tubes
        • 3325 Steel Foundries, NEC
        • 3423 Hand and Edge Tools, Except Machine Tools and Handsaws
        • 3441 Fabricated Structural Metal
        • 3443 Fabricated Plate Work (Boiler Shops)
        • 3444 Sheet Metal Work
        • 3446 Architectural and Ornamental Metal Work
        • 3462 Iron and Steel Forgings
        • 3465 Automotive Stampings
        • 3469 Metal Stampings, NEC
        • 3496 Miscellaneous Fabricated Wire Products
        • 3499 Fabricated Metal Products, NEC
        • 3544 Special Dies and Tools, Die Sets, Jigs, and Fixtures, and Industrial Molds
        • 3564 Industrial and Commercial Fans and Blowers and Air Purification Equipment
        • 3585 Air-Conditioning and Warm Air Heating Equipment and Commercial and Industrial Refrigeration Equipment
        • 3599 Industrial and Commercial Machinery and Equipment, NEC
        • 3714 Motor Vehicle Parts and Accessories

        Note: The 40 industry SIC Codes are listed in ascending numerical order (not in the order of High IMIS violations, High BLS Amputation Numbers or High Amputation Rates).


    3. Inspection Procedures. Inspections initiated under this NEP will be scheduled and conducted in accordance with provisions of the FIRM, except as noted below.

      1. Once an inspection has been scheduled and assigned for the identified establishment, the OSHA IMIS database will be searched for the employer's citation and fatality/accident history prior to the opening conference.

      2. At the opening conference, the CSHO will verify with the employer whether any of machinery and equipment in Appendix D or any other machinery and equipment that could cause amputations are present in the workplace. If any machinery and equipment associated with amputations are present in the workplace, the CSHO should exercise professional judgment in conducting an inspection of the machinery and equipment with particular attention to employee exposure to nip points, pinch points, shear points, cutting actions, and other point(s) of operation. The CSHO should consider and evaluate employee exposures during any of the following:

        • Regular operation of the machine;
        • Setup/threading/preparation for regular operation of the machine;
        • Clearing jams or upset conditions;
        • Making running adjustments while the machine is operating;
        • Cleaning of the machine;
        • Oiling or greasing of the machine or machine pans;
        • Scheduled/unscheduled maintenance; and
        • Locking out or tagging out.

      3. Before proceeding with the inspection, OSHA 200 and OSHA 300 logs will be reviewed to identify recorded amputations associated with machinery and equipment.

      4. Inspections will be scheduled beginning with the current fiscal year, and will continue until further notice or until all establishments on the list have been inspected.

      5. Area Directors, Supervisors, Team Leaders, and CSHOs should ensure that the requirements for case development (including significant cases) are being met.

    4. Program Approval. Inspection programs that deviate from this NEP must be approved by the National Office, Directorate of Enforcement Programs.

  10. Scheduling and Resource Allocation. This is a National initiative which affects existing inspection scheduling priorities, as indicated below.

    1. Resources. Regional Administrators must ensure that adequate resources are designated for this NEP.

    2. Planning. Each Regional Administrator will report to the Director of Enforcement Programs the number of NEP inspections that are planned for each fiscal year.

    3. Priority. Inspections conducted under this NEP have a lower priority than inspections conducted under Site Specific Targeting (SST), but have a higher priority than other programmed inspections. When possible, inspections conducted under this NEP will be combined with SST inspections and/or other programmed and unprogrammed inspections. This NEP may be combined with other existing initiatives, such as Local Emphasis Programs which identify targets on a different basis.

    4. Voluntary Protection Program Sites (VPP). This National initiative exempts participating worksites. Unless they choose otherwise, VPP sites will be removed from OSHA's programmed inspection lists of targeted sites, for the duration of approved participation in the VPP. The applicant worksite will be removed from the programmed inspection lists no more than 75 calendar days prior to the commencement of its scheduled pre-approved onsite review. The site will remain off those lists until official denial of the application, applicant withdrawal of its application, or, if the applicant is approved to the VPP, subsequent cessation of active participation in the VPP.

    5. OSHA Strategic Partnership Programs (OSP). This National initiative exempts Non-Construction worksites following a comprehensive onsite enforcement inspection conducted to meet OSP verification requirements, an establishment operated by an OSP partner will be deleted from programmed inspection lists for the period of time established for deletions in then-current OSHA Site-Specific Targeting directive.

      If the OSP is designed to comprehensively address a hazard covered by the Act, the Area Director (AD), with the approval of the RA, may extend the deletion for one year if the partner continues to meet the conditions of the OSP agreement and demonstrates improved performance in areas measured by the OSP.

  11. Coordination.

    1. National Office. This NEP will be coordinated in the Office of General Industry Enforcement in the Directorate of Enforcement Programs. Questions and comments should be directed to the National Office Coordinator.

    2. Field. Each Regional Administrator will name a coordinator for this National Emphasis Program.

  12. Consultation Programs. The development and implementation of outreach programs for the LEPs may be a joint activity for the Area Office and Consultation Program. When appropriate, 21(d) Consultation Projects are encouraged to develop their own strategic approaches to address the need to reduce injuries and accidents related to machinery and equipment.

  13. Training. Because of the technical nature of some of these inspections and/or machinery and equipment, CSHOs who conduct inspections under this NEP, and consultation staff, must have had adequate training or experience with both general and specific machine guarding concepts and techniques as well as with hazardous energy control (lockout/tagout) program requirements.

    1. The OSHA Training Institute (OTI).

      The OTI provides training materials to CSHOs, consultation staff, and employers. Also, additional sessions of the OTI's mechanical power press and machine guarding courses can be made available. Technical training at the OTI can be expanded to include the use of a stop time measuring device to measure the safety distance on a mechanical power press, should it be determined that such training is needed.

    2. Additional Training.

      1. On-the-Job Training. Area Directors and supervisors must ensure that inexperienced CSHOs receive on-the-job training by accompanying experienced compliance officers during these NEP inspections.

      2. Enforcement Issues. Continuing guidance regarding enforcement issues will be provided by the Office of General Industry Enforcement as new issues arise.

  14. Federal Agencies. This instruction describes a change that affects Federal agencies. Executive Order 12196, Section 1-201, and §1960.16, maintain that Federal agencies must follow the enforcement policy and procedures contained in this Directive.

  15. Program Evaluation. Area Offices will collect data relevant to the effectiveness of this NEP and submit it to the Regional Office. The Regional Office, after summarizing the information, will forward it to the National Office after the end of each fiscal year. At a minimum, the evaluation should respond to the requirements of CPL 04-00-001, Section D.

  16. Relationship to Other Programs.

    1. Unprogrammed Inspections. Unprogrammed inspections will be conducted according to the FIRM (OSHA Instruction CPL 02-00-103) or other guidance documents. If the occasion for an unprogrammed (e.g., complaint, fatality) inspection arises with respect to an establishment that is also scheduled to receive a programmed inspection under the amputations plan, the two inspections may be conducted either concurrently or separately. (See also XVII.C.)

    2. Special Emphasis Programs. Some establishments may be selected for inspection under the Amputation Initiative and also under one or more other OSHA initiatives (National Emphasis (NEP) or Local Emphasis (LEP) Programs). Programs based upon particular hazards (such as silica, or lead) or on particular industries (such as logging, scrap yards, or shipyards) or the Site Specific Targeting Initiative (SST) can be run concurrently with the Amputations Initiative.

      Whenever an establishment is scheduled for inspection on the Amputation Initiative and on the current cycle of an NEP/LEP plan, the inspections may be scheduled at the same time. CSHOs will apply all applicable IMIS codes to the inspection. The employer's DUNS number must also be recorded for each inspection since it is important for tracking. (See also Section XVIII.)

      In the case of an establishment scheduled for inspection under both the Amputation Initiative and a NEP/LEP, an inspection limited in scope to the safety and health issues targeted by the NEP/LEP program will be conducted.

  17. Recording and Tracking.

    1. Amputation Initiative Only Inspections. The OSHA-1 Forms must be marked as "programmed planned" in Item 24. In addition, the "NEP" value "AMPUTATE" should be recorded in Item 25d (the Amputations inspections are being coded under the NEP for ease of tracking).

    2. Programmed and Unprogrammed Inspections. All General Industry inspections must be coded as an amputation hazard in the IMIS by marking "amputations" in the Strategic Plan Activity item 25(f) on the OSHA 1, when there is potential worker exposure to an amputation hazard.

    3. Amputation Initiative Combined with Unprogrammed Inspections. For all unprogrammed inspections conducted in conjunction with an Amputations inspection, the OSHA-1 Forms must be marked as "unprogrammed" in Item 24 with the appropriate unprogrammed activity identified. In addition, the "NEP" value "AMPUTATE" should be recorded in Item 25d.

    4. Amputation Initiative Combined with NEP or LEP Inspections. For all programmed inspections such as NEPs and LEPs conducted in conjunction with an Amputations inspection, the OSHA-1 Forms must be marked as "programmed planned" in Item 24. In addition, the "NEP" value "AMPUTATE" should be recorded in Item 25d.

    5. Complaint Inspections. Whenever an OSHA-7 is completed by a Federal office and the applicable complaint alleges the presence of amputation hazards, complete the OSHA-7 in the usual manner, and record "AMPUTATE" in the space in item 50.

    6. Fatality and Catastrophe Inspections. Whenever an OSHA-36 is completed by a Federal office and the inspecting CSHO is able to identify at the site of the fatality/catastrophe the presence of amputation hazards, complete the OSHA-36 in the usual manner and record "AMPUTATE" in the space in item 36.

    7. Referral Inspections. Whenever an OSHA-90 is completed by a Federal office and the applicable referral case has amputation hazards as one of the subjects, complete the OSHA-90 in the usual manner and record "AMPUTATE" in the space in item 30.

    8. Consultation Inspections. Consultations accomplished in support of this directive should input the following into the corresponding fields on the Request Form (20); the Visit Form (Form 30); and the Intervention Form (66); as applicable:

      Field Name Input
      Strategic Initiative Amputations
      National Emphasis Amputate


  18. Dun & Bradstreet's Number. The Data Universal Numbering System (DUNS) number, which is a required entry for all SST inspections, must be recorded in the appropriate field on the Establishment Detail Screen. In establishments where ownership has changed, enter the DUNS number for the new owner. If the new owner does not have a new DUNS number, enter the old DUNS number. Since the DUNS number is site-sensitive, the old DUNS number will give some useful data. The Establishment Detail Screen can be accessed by pressing F5 anywhere in any data entry form where establishment processing can be done. On the OSHA -1 inspection form, Item 8 displays the Estab Name. Once the DUNS number is entered, it will appear in Item 9b on the inspection form.

  19. Appendices. The Appendices and a PowerPoint® presentation summarizing this NEP contain information developed to assist employers, employees, and compliance officers in the implementation, training and outreach requirements of this Program. The Area Office may use its discretion in selecting whatever materials it deems appropriate for outreach purposes. PowerPoint Presentation - Amputations Directive


APPENDIX A

Related ANSI and ASME Standards
(This appendix is not an inclusive list of all ANSI and ASME standards that are associated with hazardous machinery and equipment.)

OSHA recognizes the value of national consensus standards in terms of useful guidance for employers and employees attempting to comply with specific OSHA standards.

OSHA's enforcement policy provides that a violation may be de minimis if an employer complies with a proposed standard or amendment or a consensus standard rather than with the standard in effect at the time of the inspection, and the employer's action clearly provides equal or greater employee protection. See OSHA Instruction CPL 02-00-103, Field Inspection Reference Manual, Chapter III, Paragraph C(2)(g), September 26, 1994. In applying this principle, OSHA takes heed of its rulemaking findings.


  1. ANSI B11.1- Mechanical Power Presses
  2. ANSI B11.2- Hydraulic Power Presses
  3. ANSI B11.3- Power Press Brakes
  4. ANSI B11.4- Shears
  5. ANSI B11.5- Ironworkers
  6. ANSI B11.6- Lathes
  7. ANSI B11.7- Cold Headers and Cold Formers
  8. ANSI B11.8- Drilling, Milling, and Boring Machines
  9. ANSI B11.9- Grinding Machinery
  10. ANSI B11.10- Metal Sawing Machines
  11. ANSI B11.11- Gear Cutting Machines
  12. ANSI B11.12- Roll-Forming and Roll-Bending Machines
  13. ANSI B11.14- Coil-Slitting Machines
  14. ANSI B11.15- Pipe, Tube, and Shape Bending Machines
  15. ANSI B11.16- Metal Powder Compacting Presses
  16. ANSI B11.17- Horizontal Hydraulic Extrusion Presses
  17. ANSI B11.18- Machinery and Machine Systems for Processing Strip, Sheet, or Plate From Coiled Configuration
  18. ANSI B11.19- Safeguarding When Referenced by the Other B11 Machine Tool Safety Standards
  19. ANSI B5.37- External Cylindrical Grinding Machines (Centerless)
  20. ANSI B5.42- External Cylindrical Grinding Machines (Universal)
  21. ANSI B65.1- Printing Press Systems
  22. ANSI B65.2- Safety Standard – Binding and Finishing Systems
  23. ANSI B65.3- Safety Standard for Guillotine Paper Cutters
  24. ANSI B7.1- Use, Care, and Protection of Abrasive Wheels
  25. ANSI B151.5- Plastic Film and Sheet Winding Equipment
  26. ANSI B151.20- Plastic Sheet Production Machinery
  27. ANSI B155.1- Packaging Machinery and Packaging-Related Converting Machinery
  28. ANSI B177.1- Three Roller Printing Ink Mills
  29. ANSI O1.1- Woodworking Machinery
  30. ANSI Z244.1- Control of Hazardous Energy - Lockout/Tagout and Alternative Methods
  31. ASME B5.52M- Mechanical Power Presses, General Purpose Single Point
  32. ASME B15.1- Mechanical Power Transmission Apparatus
  33. ASME B15.1A- Addenda to B15.1
  34. ASME BL5.1B- Addenda to B15.1
  35. ASME B20.1- Conveyors and Related Equipment, with Interpretations A and B
  36. ASME B20.1A and B20.1B- Addenda to B20.1
  37. ASME/CEMA 350- Screw Conveyors
  38. ASME/CEMA 401- Unit Handling Conveyors - Roller Conveyors - Non-Powered
  39. ASME/CEMA 402- Unit Handling Conveyors - Belt Conveyors
  40. ASME/CEMA 403- Unit Handling Conveyors - Belt Driven Live Roller Conveyors
  41. ASME/CEMA 404- Unit Handling Conveyors - Chain Driven Live Roller Conveyors
  42. ASME/CEMA 405- Packaging Handling Conveyors - Slant Conveyors

APPENDIX B

This appendix is an excerpt of a cross-comparison chart for the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) codes and the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) which is intended to assist enforcement personnel in identifying related industries and the new classification system. The source of this excerpt was NAICS United States, 1997, Appendix B.

SIC and NAICS Note: pt - Part of; NEC - Not Elsewhere Classified
SIC PT SIC TEXT NAICS NAICS TEXT
2011   Meat Packing Plants 311611 Animal (except Poultry) Slaughtering (pt)
2013   Sausages and Other Prepared Meat Products    
2013 pt Lard Made From Purchased Material 311613 Rendering and Meat Byproduct Processing (pt)
2013 pt Except Lard Made From Purchased Material 311612 Meat Processed from Carcasses (pt)
2015   Poultry Slaughtering and Processing    
2015 pt Poultry Processing 311615 Poultry Processing
2015 pt Egg Processing 311999 All Other Miscellaneous Food Manufacturing (pt)
2022   Natural, Processed, and Imitation Cheese 311513 Cheese Manufacturing
2051   Bread and Other Bakery Products, Except Cookies and Crackers 311812 Commercial Bakeries (pt)
2099   Food Preparations, NEC    
2099 pt Reducing Maple Sap to Maple Syrup 111998 All Other Miscellaneous Crop Farming (pt)
2099 pt Marshmallow Crme 31134 Nonchocolate Confectionery Manufacturing (pt)
2099 pt Peanut Butter 311911 Roasted Nuts and Peanut Butter Manufacturing (pt)
2099 pt Potatoes, Dried and Packaged with Other Ingredients Made in Dehydrated Plants, and Bouillon 311423 Dried and Dehydrated Food Manufacturing (pt)
2099 pt Perishable Prepared Food 311991 Perishable Prepared Food Manufacturing
2099 pt Rice, Uncooked and Packaged with Other Ingredients Made in Rice Milling 311212 Rice Milling (pt)
2099 pt Tortillas 31183 Tortilla Manufacturing
2099 pt Dry Pasta Packaged with Other Ingredients Made in Dry Pasta Plants 311823 Dry Pasta Manufacturing (pt)
2099 pt Tea 31192 Coffee and Tea Manufacturing (pt)
2099 pt Vinegar, Prepared Dips Except Dairy and Cider 311941 Mayonnaise, Dressing, and Other Prepared Sauce Manufacturing (pt)
2099 pt Spices and Extracts 311942 Spice and Extract Manufacturing (pt)
2099 pt Other 311999 All Other Miscellaneous Food Manufacturing (pt)
2299   Textile Goods, NEC    
2299 pt Broadwoven Fabric of Jute, Linen, Hemp, and Ramie and Handwoven 31321 Broadwoven Fabric Mills (pt)
  pt Nonwoven Felt 31323 Nonwoven Fabric Mills (pt)
  pt Finishing Thread and Yarn of Flax, Hemp, Jute, Linen, and Ramie 313312 Textile and Fabric Finishing (except Broadwoven Fabrics) Mills (pt)
  pt Narrow Woven Fabric of Jute, Linen, Hemp, and Ramie 313221 Narrow Fabric Mills (pt)
  pt Thread of Hemp, Linen, and Ramie 313113 Thread Mills (pt)
  pt Yarn of Flax, Hemp, Jute, and Ramie 313111 Yarn Spinning Mills (pt)
  pt Recovery and Processing of Fibers and Waste 314999 All Other Miscellaneous Textile Product Mills (pt)
2411   Logging 11331 Logging
2421   Sawmills and Planing Mills, General    
2421 pt Lumber Manufacturing from Purchased Lumber, Softwood Cut Stock, Wood Lath and Planing Mill Products 321912 Cut Stock, Resawing Lumber, and Planing (pt)
2421 pt Sawmills 321113 Sawmills (pt)
2421 pt Softwood Flooring 321918 Other Millwork (including Flooring) (pt)
2421 pt Kiln Drying 321999 All Other Miscellaneous Wood Product Manufacturing (pt)
2426   Hardwood Dimension and Flooring Mills    
2426 pt Hardwood Flooring 321918 Other Millwork (including Flooring) (pt)
2426 pt Wood Furniture Frames 337215 Showcase, Partition, Shelving, and Locker Manufacturing (pt)
2426 pt Hardwood Dimension Lumber Made from Logs and Bolts 321113 Sawmills (pt)
2426 pt Other Hardwood Dimension Except, Flooring 321912 Cut Stock, Resawing Lumber, and Planing (pt)
2431   Millwork    
2431 pt Wood Windows and Doors 321911 Wood Window and Door Manufacturing
2431 pt Except Wood Windows and Doors 321918 Other Millwork (including Flooring) (pt)
2434   Wood Kitchen Cabinets 33711 Wood Kitchen Cabinet and Countertop Manufacturing (pt)
2448   Wood Pallets and Skids 32192 Wood Container and Pallet Manufacturing (pt)
2511   Wood Household Furniture, Except Upholstered    
2511 pt Wood Box Spring Frames 337215 Showcase, Partition, Shelving, and Locker Manufacturing (pt)
2511 pt Except Wood Box Spring Frames 337122 Wood Household Furniture (except Upholstered) Manufacturing (pt)
2621   Paper Mills    
2621 pt Except Newsprint Mills 322121 Paper (except Newsprint) Mills (pt)
2621 pt Newsprint Mills 322122 Newsprint Mills (pt)
2653   Corrugated and Solid Fiber Boxes 322211 Corrugated and Solid Fiber Box Manufacturing (pt)
2671   Packaging Paper and Plastics Film, Coated and Laminated    
2671 pt Single-Web Paper, Paper Multiweb Laminated Rolls and Sheets for Packaging Uses 322221 Coated and Laminated Packaging Paper and Plastic Film Manufacturing
2671 pt Plastics Packaging Film and Sheet 326112 Unsupported Plastics Packaging Film and Sheet Manufacturing
2673   Plastics, Foil, and Coated Paper Bags    
2673 pt Except All Plastics 322223 Plastics, Foil, and Coated Paper Bag Manufacturing
2673 pt Plastics Bags 326111 Unsupported Plastics Bag
2752   Commercial Printing, Lithographic    
2752 pt Quick Printing 323114 Quick Printing (pt)
2752 pt Except Quick Printing 323110 Commercial Lithographic Printing (pt)
3089   Plastics Products, NEC    
3089 pt Pipe Fittings 326122 Plastics Pipe and Pipe Fitting Manufacturing (pt)
3089 pt Plastics Sausage Casings 326121 Unsupported Plastics Profile Shape Manufacturing (pt)
3089 pt Finished Plastics Furniture Parts 337215 Showcase, Partition, Shelving, and Locker Manufacturing (pt)
3089 pt Other 326199 All Other Plastics Product Manufacturing (pt)
3272   Concrete Products, Except Block and Brick    
3272 pt Dry Mixture Concrete 327999 All Other Miscellaneous Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing (pt)
3272 pt Concrete Pipes 327332 Concrete Pipe Manufacturing
3272 pt Other Concrete Products 32739 Other Concrete Product Manufacturing
3315   Steel Wiredrawing and Steel Nails and Spikes    
3315 pt Steel Wire Drawing 331222 Steel Wire Drawing
3315 pt Nails, Spikes, Paper Clips, and Wire Not Made in Wire Drawing Plants 332618 Other Fabricated Wire Product Manufacturing (pt)
3316   Cold-Rolled Steel Sheet, Strip, and Bars 331221 Rolled Steel Shape Manufacturing (pt)
3317   Steel Pipe and Tubes 33121 Iron and Steel Pipe and Tube Manufacturing from Purchased Steel
3325   Steel Foundries, NEC 331513 Steel Foundries (except Investment)
3423   Hand and Edge tools, Except Machine Tools and Handsaws 332212 Hand and Edge Tool Manufacturing (pt)
3441   Fabricated Structural Metal 332312 Fabricated Structural Metal Manufacturing (pt)
3443   Fabricated Plate Work (Boiler Shops)    
3443 pt Fabricated Plate Work and Metal Weldments 332313 Plate Work Manufacturing
3443 pt Power Boilers and Heat Exchanges 33241 Power Boiler and Heat Exchanger Manufacturing (pt)
3443 pt Heavy Gauge Tanks 33242 Metal Tank (Heavy Gauge) Manufacturing
3443 pt Metal Cooling Towers 333414 Heating Equipment (except Warm Air Furnaces) Manufacturing (pt)
3444   Sheet Metal Work    
3444 pt Ducts, Flumes, Flooring. Siding, Dampers, etc. 332322 Sheet Metal Work Manufacturing
3444 pt Metal Bins and Vats 332439 Other Metal Container Manufacturing (pt)
3444 pt Cooling Towers 333414 Heating Equipment (except Warm Air Furnaces) Manufacturing (pt)
3446   Architectural and Ornamental Metal Work 332323 Ornamental and Architectural Metal Work Manufacturing (pt)
3462   Iron and Steel Forgings 332111 Iron and Steel Forging
3465   Automotive Stamping 33637 Motor Vehicle Metal Stamping
3469   Metal Stamping, NEC    
3469 pt Metal Stamping, NEC (Except Kitchen Utensils, Pots and Pans for Cooking and Coins) 332116 Metal Stamping
3469 pt Kitchen Utensils and Pots and Pans for Cooking 332214 Kitchen Utensil, Pot, and Pan Manufacturing
3496   Miscellaneous Fabricated Wire Products    
3496 pt Grocery Carts 333924 Industrial Truck, Tractor, Trailer, and Stacker Machinery Manufacturing (pt)
3496 pt Except Grocery Carts 332618 Other Fabricated Wire Product Manufacturing (pt)
3499   Fabricated Metal Products, NEC    
3499 pt Metal Furniture Frames 337215 Showcase, Partition, Shelving, and Locker Manufacturing (pt)
3499 pt Metal Motor Vehicle Seat Frames 33636 Motor Vehicle Seating and Interior Trim Manufacturing (pt)
3499 pt Powder Metallurgy 332117 Powder Metallurgy Part Manufacturing
3499 pt Metal Boxes 332439 Other Metal Container Manufacturing (pt)
3499 pt Safe and Vault Locks 33251 Hardware Manufacturing (pt)
3499 pt Metal Aerosol Valves 332919 Other Metal Valve and Pipe Fitting Manufacturing (pt)
3499 pt Other Metal Products 332999 All Other Miscellaneous Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing (pt)
3544   Special Dies and Tools, Die Sets, Jigs and Fixtures, and Industrial Molds    
3544 pt Except Industrial Molds 333514 Special Die and Tool, Die Set, Jig, and Fixture Manufacturing
3544 pt Industrial Molds 333511 Industrial Mold Manufacturing
3564   Industrial and Commercial Fans and Blowers, and Air Purification Equipment    
3564 pt Air Purification Equipment 333411 Air Purification Equipment Manufacturing
3564 pt Fans and Blowers 333412 Industrial and Commercial Fan and Blower Manufacturing
3585   Air-Conditioning and Warm Air Heating Equipment and Commercial and Industrial Refrigeration Equipment    
3585 pt Motor Vehicle Air-Conditioning 336391 Motor Vehicle Air-Conditioning Manufacturing
3585 pt Except Motor Vehicle Air-Conditioning 333415 Air-Conditioning and Warm Air Heating Equipment and Commercial and Industrial Refrigeration Equipment Manufacturing
3599   Industrial and Commercial Machinery and Equipment, NEC    
3599 pt Gasoline, Oil and Intake Filters for Internal Combustion Engines, Except Motor Vehicle 336399 All Other Motor Vehicle Part Manufacturing (pt)
3599 pt Flexible Metal Hose 332999 All Other Miscellaneous Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing (pt)
3599 pt Carnival Amusement Park Equipment 333319 Other Commercial and Service Industry Machinery Manufacturing (pt)
3599 pt Machine Shops 33271 Machine Shops
3599 pt Other Industrial and Commercial Machinery and Equipment 333999 All Other Miscellaneous General Purpose Machinery Manufacturing (pt)
3714   Motor Vehicle Parts and Accessories    
3714 pt Dump-Truck Lifting Mechanisms and Fifth Wheels 336211 Motor Vehicle Body Manufacturing (pt)
3714 pt Gasoline Engines Including Rebuilt and Engine Parts Including Rebuilt for Motor Vehicles 336312 Gasoline Engine and Engine Parts Manufacturing
3714 pt Wiring Harness Sets, Other than Ignition; Block Heaters and Battery Heaters; Instrument Board Assemblies; Permanent Defroster; Windshield Washer-Wiper Mechanisms; Cruise Control Mechanisms; and Other Electrical Equipment for Internal Combustion Engines 336322 Other Motor Vehicle Electrical and Electronic Equipment Manufacturing (pt)
3714 pt Steering and Suspension Parts 33633 Motor Vehicle Steering and Suspension Components (except Spring) Manufacturing
3714 pt Brake and Brake Systems, Including Assemblies 33634 Motor Vehicle Brake System Manufacturing (pt)
3714 pt Transmissions and Power Train Parts, Including Rebuilding 33635 Motor Vehicle Transmission and Power Train Parts Manufacturing
3714 pt Other Motor Vehicle Parts 336399 All Other Motor Vehicle Parts Manufacturing (pt)



APPENDIX C

AMPUTATIONS
TARGETING METHODOLOGY

NATIONAL DATA:

Selection Process for Industries with Significant Inspection Histories (High IMIS[1] Numbers:)
  1. OSHA selected five standards (29 CFR 1910.147, .212, .213, .217, and .219) that are generally recognized as being related to amputation hazards.
  2. OSHA IMIS data covering fiscal years 1999-2005 identified those industries with 40 or more federal OSHA inspections with one or more violations of the standards listed in #1 above.
  3. OSHA limited the range to the Standard Industrial Classification Manual, Division D., Manufacturing, Major Group 20 through Major Group 39. This range encompasses all manufacturing operations and addresses amputation issues.
  4. The process yielded 123 SICs.
Selection Process for Industries with High BLS Rates:
  1. OSHA used the most recent four years of BLS Data (Calendar year 1999, 2000, 2001, and 2002.)[2] on incidence rates for nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work per 10,000 full-time workers.
  2. OSHA limited the range to the Standard Industrial Classification Manual, Division D., Manufacturing, Major Group 20 through Major Group 39.
  3. OSHA selected SICs with BLS incidence rates of 10.0 or greater for amputations for any year.
  4. The process yielded 38 SICs.
BLS Data Selection Process for Industries with High BLS Numbers:
  1. OSHA used the most recent four years of BLS Data (Calendar year 1999, 2000, 2001, and 2002.)[3] on the number of amputations.
  2. OSHA limited the range to the Standard Industrial Classification Manual, Division D., Manufacturing, Major Group 20 through Major Group 39.
  3. OSHA selected SICs with BLS numbers of 50 or more amputations for any year.
  4. The process yielded 29 SICs.
OSHA then selected the industries that had High IMIS Numbers coupled with High BLS Rates or High IMIS Numbers coupled with High BLS Numbers.
  • The first category contains SICs that have High IMIS Numbers and High BLS Rates. The total number of SICs in this category is 25.
  • The second category contains SICs that have High IMIS Numbers and High BLS Numbers. The total number of SICs in this category is 29.
  • After eliminating the overlap[4] between the two categories, the final total is 40 SIC codes.
The 40 SICs comprise OSHA's list of industries that will be a part of the National Emphasis Program for Amputations.
APPENDIX D
(To be used for guidance/not inclusive)

1999-2002 (Table R-25*) Combined Amputation Sources
Sources of Amputations: Machinery and Equipment
Benders, Rollers and Shapers
Press Brakes (All Types)
Casting Machinery
Conveyors - Belt, Chain, Live Roller, and Auger Screw Conveyors
Drills - Stationary
Extruding Machinery
Grinders, Abraders, and Meat Grinders
Plastic Injection Molding Machinery
Milling Machines
Mixers, Blenders, Whippers, Slicers, and Food Beverage Processing Equipment
Packing, Wrapping, Bundling Machinery
Presses (Mechanical, Hydraulic, and Pneumatic)
Printing Presses
Sawing Machinery - (Band, Table, Radial Arm Saws)
Shears (All Types)

*Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) Table R25. Number of Nonfatal Occupational Injuries and Illnesses Involving Days Away from Work by Source of Injury or Illness and Selected Natures of Injury or Illness
INDEX

Amputations
BLS
Bureau of Labor Statistics
CPL 03-00-002
Field Inspection Reference Manual
IMIS
Purpose
State Plan

[1] IMIS- Integrated Management Information System. OSHA's database for enforcement data.

[2] 2003 and 2004 BLS data was not used as it had data sorted by NAICS.

[3] Ibid.

[4] The overlap consisted of 14 of the 40 SICs which had High IMIS Numbers, High BLS Rates, and High BLS Numbers.


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