|DIRECTIVE NUMBER: 99-1 (CPL 2-1)
||EFFECTIVE DATE: February 10, 1999|
||This notice describes OSHA's enforcement policy for Steel Erection in the
interim period between the publication of the proposed rule and enactment of a
||1. 29 CFR Part 1926 - Safety Standards for Steel Erection; Proposed Rule
(63 FR 43451)
2. OSHA Instruction .CPL 2.103, Field Inspection Reference Manual
(FIRM), September 26, 1994.
|State Plan Impact:
||This notice describes a Federal Program Change for which State adoption is not
required, but notification of intent is needed.|
||National, Regional and Area Offices|
||Directorate of Construction|
||Mark Hagemann (202) 693-2345|
Directorate of Construction - N3621, FPB
200 Constitution Ave., N.W.
Washington, DC 20210
By and Under the Authority of
Deputy Assistant Secretary, OSHA
TABLE OF CONTENTS
- Effect on Previous Instructions
- Expiration Date
- Federal Program Change
- Scope and Application of Each Option
- Scope and application to be followed for compliance with current rules
- Scope and application to be followed for compliance with the Proposed Rule.
- Purpose. This notice describes OSHA's enforcement policy for Steel Erection in the interim
period between the publication of the proposed rule and enactment of a final rule.
- Scope. This notice applies OSHA-wide.
- Application. This notice applies to steel erection.
- Effect on Previous Instructions. This notice supercedes and cancels the July 10, 1995,
memorandum from Deputy Assistant Secretary James W. Stanley to the Regional
- Expiration Date. This notice will terminate on February 10, 2000.
- Action. Regional Administrators and Area directors shall ensure that compliance officers are
familiar with the contents of this notice and that the enforcement guidelines are followed. This
notice will expire after one year but may be renewed.
- Federal Program Change. This notice describes a Federal Program Change for which State
adoption is not required, but the States are encouraged to consider adopting the interim
enforcement policy for steel erection described in this notice. However, the States shall
respond via the two-way memorandum to the Regional Office as soon as the State's intent
regarding the enforcement policy is known, but no later than 60 calendar days after the date of
transmittal from the Directorate of Federal-State Operations.
- 29 CFR Part 1926 - Safety Standards for Steel Erection; Proposed Rule
(63 FR 43451).
- OSHA Instruction .CPL 2.103, Field Inspection Reference Manual
(FIRM), September 26, 1994.
- Background. On August 13, 1998, OSHA published a proposed rule for steel erection. This
notice describes OSHA's enforcement policy for steel erection in this interim period between
the publication of the proposal and enactment of a final rule.
OSHA's Field Inspection Reference Manual (FIRM) states that compliance with a proposed
standard, rather than with the standard in effect, would be considered a De Minimis violation
provided that the employer's action clearly provides equal or greater employee protection.
DeMinimis violations are not cited.
In accordance with the FIRM, the Agency establishes the following steel erection enforcement
- Options. An employer engaged in steel erection must follow either:
- The current steel erection standards contained in 29 CFR 1926.750-.752 and
1926.105(a) until the promulgation of a final steel erection standard; or
- The proposed steel erection standard published in the Federal Register on August 13,
1998 (63 FR 43451) with one exception. The proposed rule allows deckers (working
in a controlled decking zone) to work up to 30 feet before fall protection is required.
The current standard (1926.105(a)) requires deckers working in single tiered buildings
to be protected from falls at 25 feet. The current 25 foot requirement will continue to
- Scope and Application of Each Option. The scope of "steel erection activities" in the current
rules differs somewhat from the scope of the proposed rule.
- Scope and application to be followed for compliance with current rules - 1926 Subpart
R and 1926.105(a) [NOTE: Paragraphs 29 CFR 1926.104, 1926.105, and
1926.107(b), (c), and (f) apply to steel erection activities.]
- Steel erection activities.
- Steel erection includes the following: The movement and erection
of skeleton steel members (structural steel), including initial connecting, moving
point-to-point, installing metal floor or roof decking, welding, bolting, and
similar activities. Steel erection also includes these activities when structural
steel is installed on concrete and masonry walls or supports.
- Activities that are not steel erection: Steel erection does not
include the erection of steel members such as lintels, stairs, railings, curtainwalls,
windows, architectural metalwork, column covers, catwalks, and similar non-skeletal items, nor does it mean the placement of reinforcing rods in concrete
structures. NOTE: These steel erection activities may take place in buildings
and other structures. "Buildings" includes tiered and non-tiered, single-story and
multi-story buildings, warehouses, gymnasiums, stadiums, power plants,
theaters, mill buildings, and similar structures. "Tiered" means the skeleton steel
framework is erected in vertically stacked columns; tiered structures are not
limited to multi-floored structures. "Other structures" includes bridges, viaducts,
overpasses, towers, tanks, billboards, antennas, and similar structures.
- Application of fall protection requirements.
- Tiered buildings
(1)Exterior fall hazards of 25 feet or more are covered by
1926.105(a). Fall protection is not required for exterior fall hazards of less
than 25 feet.
(2)Interior fall hazards of 30 feet or more on buildings which have
floors or are adaptable to temporary floors are covered by 1926.750(b)(2)(i).
Fall protection is not required for fall hazards of less than 30 feet. Temporary
floors will generally be practicable in the construction of a typical multi-floored
(3)Interior fall hazards of 25 feet or more on tiered buildings which
are not adaptable to temporary floors are covered by 1926.750(b)(1)(ii). Fall
protection is not required for fall hazards of less than 25 feet.
(b)Non-tiered buildings. Exterior and interior fall hazards of 25 feet
or more are covered by 1926.105(a). Fall protection is not required for fall
hazards of less than 25 feet.
(c)Other structures. Exterior and interior fall hazards of 25 feet or more
are covered by 1926.105(a). Fall protection is not required for fall
hazards of less than 25 feet.
- Scope and application to be followed for compliance with the Proposed Rule. The
proposed rule may be used to protect employees engaged in the following activities:
hoisting, connecting, welding, bolting, and rigging structural steel, steel joists and metal
buildings; installing metal deck (with the exception noted in paragraph II b.) and moving
point-to-point while performing these activities. In addition, when performing these
structural steel activities, the following activities are also considered steel erection where
they are a necessary part (i.e., they are done during and as part of the process) of the
structural steel erection activities:
Rigging, hoisting, laying out, placing, connecting, guying, bracing, dismantling,
burning, welding, bolting, grinding, sealing, caulking, and all related activities for
construction, alteration and/or repair of materials and assemblies such as
structural steel; ferrous metals and alloys; non-ferrous metals and alloys; glass;
plastics and synthetic composite materials; structural metal framing and related
bracing and assemblies; anchoring devices; structural cabling; cable stays;
permanent and temporary bents and towers; falsework for temporary supports
of permanent steel members; architectural precast concrete, stone and other
architectural materials mounted on steel frames; safety systems for steel
erection; steel and metal joists; metal decking and raceway systems and
accessories; metal roofing and accessories; metal siding; bridge flooring; cold
formed steel framing; elevator beams; grillage; shelf racks; multi-purpose
supports; crane rails and accessories; miscellaneous, architectural and
ornamental metals and metal work; ladders; railings; handrails; fences and
gates; gratings; trench covers; floor plates; castings; sheet metal fabrications;
metal panels and panel wall systems; louvers; column covers; enclosures and
pockets; stairs; perforated metals; ornamental iron work; expansion control
including bridge expansion joint assemblies; slide bearings; hydraulic structures;
fascias; soffit panels; penthouse enclosures; skylights; joint fillers; gaskets;
sealants and seals; doors; windows; hardware, detention/security equipment
and doors, windows and hardware; curtain walls/sloped glazing
systems/structural glass curtain walls; translucent wall systems; conveying
systems; building specialties; building equipment; machinery and plant
equipment, furnishings and special construction.
NOTE: These activities may occur in a number of different types of structures, including
Single and multi-story buildings; pre-engineered metal buildings; lift slab/tilt-up
structures; energy exploration structures; energy production, transfer and
storage structures and facilities; auditoriums; malls; amphitheaters; stadiums;
power plants; mills; chemical process structures; bridges; trestles; overpasses;
underpasses; viaducts; aqueducts; aerospace facilities and structures; radar and
communication structures; light towers; signage; billboards; scoreboards;
conveyor systems, conveyor supports and related framing; stairways; stair
towers; fire escapes; draft curtains; fire containment structures; monorails;
aerialways; catwalks; curtain walls; window walls; store fronts; elevator fronts;
entrances; skylights; metal roofs; industrial structures; hi-bay structures; rail,
marine and other transportation structures; sound barriers; water process and
water containment structures; air and cable supported structures; space frames;
geodesic domes; canopies; racks and rack support structures and frames;
platforms; walkways; balconies; atriums; penthouses; car dumpers;
stackers/reclaimers; cranes and craneways; bins; hoppers; ovens; furnaces;
stacks; amusement park structures and rides; and artistic and monumental
Compliance with Current Rules
Compliance with the Proposed Rule
De Minimis Violation
Federal Program Change
Field Inspection Reference Manual