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• Record Type: Instruction
• Directive Number: STD 01-12-028
• Old Directive Number: STD 1-12.28 CH-1
• Title: Alternative Abatement Methods of 29 CFR 1910.212(a)(1) and (a)(2) As Applied to the Oil and Gas Drilling Industry
• Information Date: 02/14/1983

OSHA Instruction STD 1-12.28 CH-1 FEB 14 1983 Office of Field Coordination

Subject: Alternative Abatement Methods of 29 CFR 1910.212(a)(1) and (a)(2) As Applied to the Oil and Gas Drilling Industry.

A. Purpose. This instruction transmits a change to OSHA Instruction STD 1-12.28, February 7, 1983.

B. Scope. This instruction applies OSHA-wide.

C. Action. Replace the existing page 1 of the present instruction with the attached CH-1 page and file this transmittal page after the signature page of the instruction as a record of the change.

D. Federal Program Change. This instruction describes a Federal program change which affects State Programs. Each Regional Administrator shall:

1. Ensure that this change is forwarded to each State designee.
2. Explain the technical content of the change to the State designee as requested.
3. Ensure that State designees are asked to acknowledge receipt of this Federal program change in writing, within 30 days of notification, to the Regional Administrator. This acknowledgment should include a description either of the State's plan to implement the change or of the reasons why the change should not apply to that State.
4. Review policies, instructions and guidelines issued by the State to determine that this change has been communicated to State program personnel. Routine monitoring activities (accompanied inspections and case file reviews) shall also be used to determine if this change has been implemented in actual performance.

E. Background. There was a typographical error incorporated in the instruction which this change corrects.

Thorne G. Auchter Assistant Secretary

OSHA Instruction STD 1-12.28 CH-1 FEB 14 1983 Office of Field Coordination

DISTRIBUTION: National Regional, and Area Offices All Compliance Officers State Designees NIOSH Regional program Directors 7(c)(1) Program Managers

CH-1 of FEB 14 1983

OSHA Instruction STD 1-12.28 FEB 7 1983 Office of Field Coordination

Subject: Alternative Abatement Methods of 29 CFR 1910.212(a)(1) and (a)(2) As Applied to the Oil and Gas Drilling Industry.

A. Purpose. This instruction provides guidelines for the use of certain monitoring techniques to comply with 29 CFR 1910.212(a)(1) and (a)(2) in the oil and gas drilling industry.

B. Scope. This instruction applies OSHA-wide.

C. Action. OSHA Regional Administrators/Area Directors shall take action to ensure that 29 CFR 1910.212(a)(1) and (a)(2) are enforced in accordance with E of this instruction.

D. Federal Program Change. This instruction describes a Federal program change which affects State Programs. Each Regional Administrator shall:

1. Ensure that this change is forwarded to each State designee.
2. Explain the technical content of the change to the State designee as requested.
3. Ensure that State designees are asked to acknowledge receipt of this Federal program change in writing, within 30 days of notification, to the Regional Administrator. This acknowledgment should include a description either of the State's plan to implement the change or of the reasons why the change should not apply to that State.
4. Review policies, instructions and guidelines issued by the State to determine that this change has been communicated to State program personnel. Routine monitoring activities (accompanied inspections and case file reviews) shall also be used to determine if this change has been implemented in actual performance.

E. Guidelines. The following alternative techniques shall be considered as meeting the intent of 29 CFR 1910.212(a)(1) and (a)(2) for preventing worker contact with rotating kelly bushings or kellys and exposed portions of rotary tables on oil and gas well drilling rigs in lieu of the physical guarding requirements:

1. The alternative procedures are limited to those rigs utilizing kelly bushings that are classed as "smooth"; i.e., having no projections of the J-bolt type. Thus, drilling rigs using kelly bushings other than the "smooth" type shall have a substantially constructed kelly bushing/rotary table guard. Rigs using the

OSHA Instruction STD 1-12.28 FEB 7 1983 Office of Field Coordination

"smooth" type kelly bushing have the option of using a substantially constructed guard for the rotary equipment or of following the guidelines given in (2) through (9).
2. All employees shall be trained in safe operating procedures when around the rotary table and kelly bushing.
3. The employer shall designate the equipment operator and shall ensure that the designated person is trained and competent in the operation of the rotary drilling equipment.
4. The designated equipment operator shall control the access and activity of all personnel on the drilling floor while equipment is rotating and shall stop such equipment from rotating whenever there is danger to personnel from that equipment.
5. The equipment operator shall never engage the rotary clutch without first ensuring that no employees are on or in proximity to the rotary table in such a manner that they could be endangered.
6. At any time an employee's work activities require the handling of materials which can become entangled in the rotary table, the kelly bushing or the kelly while such equipment is in motion, the designated equipment operator, who is capable of stopping the rotating equipment, shall be at the controls.
7. No materials which may become entangled in the rotary table, kelly bushing and/or kelly shall be allowed within 6 inches of this equipment when it is to be operated.
8. Wash down hoses shall be of such length or located in such manner that no part of such hoses can be brought to within 6 inches of the kelly bushing.
9. Spinning chain shall not be wrapped around the joint of the pipe in the mousehole nor handled on the drilling floor so that any part of the chain is within 2 feet of the exposed rotating portions of the rotary table, kelly bushing or kelly.

F. Background. Due to the difficulty experienced and the hazards created in complying strictly with the physical guarding requirements of 29 CFR 1910.212(a)(1) and (a)(2), employers in the oil and gas well drilling industry requested OSHA to review the requirements of the standard as they are applied to guarding the exposed portions of the rotary table and kelly bushing on oil and gas well drilling rigs.

l. As a result of this request, the Secretary authorized an experimental variance to demonstrate or validate new and improved techniques of safeguarding employees working around the rotary table and kelly bushing. The successful completion of the experimental program confirmed that the alternative abatement procedures evaluated meet the intent of the standard.

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