OSHA Instruction CPL 2-1.20 November 8, 1996 Directorate of Compliance
SUBJECT: OSHA/U.S. Coast Guard Authority Over Vessels
A. Purpose. This instruction provides current policy, information
and guidance with respect to OSHA/U.S. Coast Guard authority over inspected
vessels, commercial uninspected fishing vessels, and commercial uninspected
vessels in accordance with Section 4(b)(1) of the OSH Act, 29 U.S.C. Section
B. Scope. This instruction applies OSHA-wide.
1. OSHA Instruction STP 2.22A, CH-5, March 10, 1995, Changes to
the State Plan Policies and Procedures Manual.
2. Memorandum of Understanding, U.S. Coast Guard and the
Occupational Safety and Health Administration, 48 Federal Register 11366,
March 17, 1983, effective date of March 8, 1983.
3. Public Law 100-424, enacted September 9, 1988, "Commercial
Fishing Industry Vessel Safety Act of 1988," 46 U.S.C. 4501 et seq.
4. 46 CFR Part 28, "Commercial Fishing Industry Vessel
Regulations," Final Rule.
5. 46 CFR Parts 24, 25, and 26 - "Uninspected Vessels."
6. Jones Act, 46 U.S.C. 688.
7. 46 CFR Part 197, Subpart B - "Commercial Diving Operations."
8. OSHA Instruction STD .2, November 4, 1985, Identification of
General Industry Safety and Health Standards (29 CFR 1910) Applicable to
9. OSHA Instruction CPL 2-1.3B, June 14, 1982, Enforcement of
Cargo Gear Regulations and the Requirements for Gear Certification in the
10. 29 CFR 1926, Construction Industry Standards.
11. 29 CFR 1910, General Industry Standards.
12. Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSH Act) of 1970, Section
5(a)(1) General Duty Clause, and Section 4(b)(1) preemption of OSHA authority
by other Federal or State agencies.
13. OSHA Instruction CPL 2.51 (Series), Exemptions and Limitations
Under the Current Appropriations Act.
D. Cancellation. The following guidance documents addressing OSHA
and U.S. Coast Guard authority and enforcement with respect to vessels are
1. Memorandum from Thomas J. Shepich, Directorate of Compliance
Programs, April 5, 1989, "OSHA/U.S. Coast Guard Jurisdiction."
2. Memorandum from Gerald P. Reidy, Office of Construction and
Maritime Compliance Assistance, to Region X, November 1, 1990, "OSHA/U.S.
Coast Guard Jurisdiction; Commercial Fishing Industry Vessels."
3. Memorandum from Gerald P. Reidy, Office of Construction and
Maritime Compliance Assistance, to Region X, January 18, 1991, "OSHA/U.S.
Coast Guard Jurisdiction, Commercial Fishing Vessels."
4. Memorandum from Patricia K. Clark, Directorate of Compliance
Programs, to Region X, July 6, 1990, "OSHA/ U.S. Coast Guard Jurisdiction;
Commercial Fishing Industry Vessels."
E. Action. OSHA Regional Administrators and Area Directors shall
use the guidelines and procedures set forth in this instruction to determine
OSHA's authority with respect to the enforcement of occupational safety and
health violations on vessels.
F. Federal Program Change. This instruction describes a Federal
Program Change which affects State plan coverage of public sector employees
engaged in maritime employment and those States whose programs also cover
portions of the private sector maritime issue. States which cover private
sector maritime employment and/or have public sector employees engaged in
maritime operations are encouraged to follow the guidelines and
jurisdictional limitations established by this instruction within the context
of applicable State law, i.e., comparable to Section 4(b)(1) of the OSH Act.
1. The Regional Administrator shall ensure that this change is
promptly forwarded to each State designee, using a format consistent with the
Plan Change Two-Way Memorandum in Appendix P of the State Plan Policies and
Procedures Manual (reference C.l., OSHA Instruction STP 2.22A).
2. The Regional Administrator shall explain to each State
designee, as requested, the technical content of this change.
3. States which cover private sector maritime employment and/or
have public sector employees engaged in maritime operations shall be asked to
provide preliminary notification to the Regional Administrator within 30 days
from the date of this instruction of their intent to adopt an identical or
equivalent policy or not to adopt such jurisdictional limitations based on
interpretations of differing provisions of State law.
G. Background. The delineation of OSHA and the U.S. Coast Guard
authority over inspected vessels has been unchanged since the signing
of a Memorandum of Understanding (reference C.2.) in 1983. The Coast Guard
has statutory authority to prescribe and enforce regulations affecting the
safety and health of seamen on board vessels inspected and certificated by
the agency, and has issued comprehensive standards for working conditions on
inspected vessels. Therefore, OSHA may not enforce the OSH Act with respect
to "seamen" on inspected vessels including the master, ship's officers and
The extent of the Coast Guard preemption of OSHA authority over
commercial uninspected fishing vessels underwent significant changes
in 1991. In response to Public Law 100-424 (reference C.3.), the U.S. Coast
Guard developed and issued specific regulations (reference C.4.) for
commercial uninspected fishing, fish processing, and fish tender vessels to
improve the overall safety and health working conditions of commercial
fishing industry vessels.
OSHA authority over commercial uninspected vessels (other
than uninspected fishing vessels) remains unchanged. The U.S. Coast Guard
has published applicable regulations for uninspected vessels (See reference
Due to the complexity of determining the extent to which the Coast
Guard preempts OSHA authority over inspected vessels, uninspected fishing
vessels, and uninspected vessels, additional clarification of OSHA and U.S.
Coast Guard authority and enforcement activities on vessels is provided
H. Definitions. Since most definitions related to this instruction
are derived from longstanding U.S. Coast Guard rules, where applicable the
pertinent U.S. Coast Guard reference is provided within brackets. The
following definitions are applicable to this instruction.
1. Barge means a non-self propelled vessel. [46 USC
2. Boundary Line means a line of demarkation established
under Section 2(b) of 33 U.S.C. 151. Generally, boundary lines follow the
general trend of the shoreline and cross entrances to small bays, inlets and
rivers. For specific descriptions of boundary lines refer to 46 CFR Part
3. Certificate of Inspection means a U.S. Coast Guard
document issued to United States vessels inspected by the U.S. Coast Guard
and which contains, among other information: the description of the vessel,
the route the vessel may travel, the minimum crew requirements, the safety
equipment and appliances required to be on board, the total number of persons
that may be carried, and the names of the owners and operators. [46 USC
4. Commercial Fishing Industry Vessel means a fishing
vessel, fish tender vessel, or a fish processing vessel which is licensed or
registered to engage in commercial fishing industry operations. [46 CFR
5. Fish means finfish, mollusks, crustaceans, and all other
forms of marine animal and plant life, except marine mammals and birds. [46
USC Section 2101(11)]
6. Fish Processing Vessel is a U.S. Coast Guard
classification for a vessel that commercially prepares fish or fish
products other than by gutting, decapitating, gilling, skinning, shucking,
icing, freezing, or brine chilling. [46 USC Section 2101(11b)]
7. Fish Processing, as defined by OSHA, is a production
function which involves any preparation of a fish or fish product by a worker
including gutting, decapitating, gilling, skinning, shucking, icing,
freezing, or brine chilling. It is important to note that the definition of
fish processing, as defined by OSHA, is predicated on worker function and,
therefore, may occur on vessels other than a U.S. Coast Guard classified
"Fish Processing Vessel" (e.g.; "Fish Tender Vessel", "Fishing
8. Fish Tender Vessel is a U.S. Coast Guard
classification for a vessel that commercially supplies, stores,
refrigerates, or transports fish, fish products, or materials directly
related to fishing or the preparation of fish to or from a fishing, fish
processing, or fish tender vessel or a fish processing facility. [46 USC
9. Fishing Vessel is a U.S. Coast Guard classification
for a vessel that commercially engages in the catching, taking, or
harvesting of fish or an activity that can reasonably be expected to result
in the catching, taking, or harvesting of fish. [46 USC Section
10. Inspected Vessel means a vessel subject to inspection by
the U.S. Coast Guard under 46 U.S.C. 3301 and which is issued a Certificate
of Inspection (COI) by the Coast Guard.
11. Navigable Waters includes all rivers, tributaries,
lakes, bays, and sounds which in their natural and ordinary condition are
accessible to and from the high seas by vessels. The U.S. Coast Guard is the
agency responsible for making any determination of whether a body of water is
considered to be "Navigable Waters."
12. Seaman is an individual engaged or employed in any
capacity on board a vessel, and who has a more or less permanent connection
with a vessel, and who contributes to the function of the vessel or to the
accomplishment of its mission. [46 USC Section 10101(3)]
13. Uninspected Vessel means a vessel not subject to
inspection under 46 USC Section 3301 and not a recreational vessel under 46
USC Section 2101(43). A vessel classified as an "uninspected vessel" by the
U.S. Coast Guard is subject to limited Coast Guard inspection of the
following areas only: safety check of basic fire fighting equipment, safety
check of approved life jackets and lifesaving equipment, ventilation of
engine bilges and fuel tank compartments, and backfire traps/flame arresters
on inboard engine carburetors using gasoline as a fuel.
I. Geographical Considerations for All Vessels. The authority of
OSHA over any vessel is limited to employment performed within a jurisdiction
covered by the OSH Act (See Section 4(a), 29 U.S.C. 653(a)). This provision,
as modified by later international agreements, states that the OSH Act
applies to employment performed in a State of the United States, the District
of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Guam, Northern
Mariana Islands, Wake Island, Johnston Island, and the Outer Continental
Shelf Lands defined in the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act. For the
purposes of this instruction, the term "State" means each of the
jurisdictions previously mentioned, except the Outer Continental Shelf Lands.
OSHA only has authority over vessels when they are operating within the
limits of State territorial waters.
1. For coastal States, the State territorial waters extend 3
nautical miles seaward from the coast line, except for the Gulf Coast of
Florida, Texas and Puerto Rico where the territorial waters extend for 3
marine leagues (approximately 9 nautical miles). "Coast line" is defined as
the line of ordinary low water along that portion of the coast which is in
direct contact with the open sea and the line marking the seaward limit of
2. For States bordering the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence River,
all waters in the Great Lakes and associated rivers up to the international
boundary line with Canada are State territorial waters.
J. Authority Over Inspected Vessels. The U.S. Coast Guard
exercises full authority over the safety and health of seamen on board
vessels which are inspected and certificated by the U.S. Coast Guard; i.e.,
"inspected" vessels. With respect to inspected vessels, OSHA refers all
safety and health complaints regarding the working conditions of seamen to
the U.S. Coast Guard for its consideration to determine whether the events
complained of constitute hazardous conditions. OSHA retains authority with
respect to recordkeeping requirements for seamen on inspected vessels.
1. OSHA may exercise authority over the working conditions of
employees, other than seamen, who are exposed to occupational hazards while
working on inspected vessels. This includes employees engaged in longshoring
operations, and employees engaged in shipbuilding, ship repair, or
shipbreaking operations. This authority also includes other employees, such
as construction workers (e.g., those on pipe-laying barges) who are not
permanent members of the vessel. However, with respect to employees who are
not seamen, OSHA may not cite an owner, operator or master of an inspected
vessel for hazards specifically addressed by Coast Guard
2. The following guidance is provided with respect to making a
determination as to whether a worker is a "seaman". A seaman is an employee
a. Is engaged or employed in any capacity on board a vessel
and has a more or less permanent connection with the vessel,
b. Contributes to the function of the vessel or to the
accomplishment of its mission. To be a seaman one need not aid in navigation
or contribute to the transportation of the vessel, but one must do the ship's
work. Land-based maritime workers are not seamen (e.g., shipyard employees,
3. In making a determination of whether an individual or group of
individuals would be classified as a "seaman", the vessel's "Certificate of
Inspection" (COI) should be reviewed since it will provide relevant
information on the crew. However, this document is not absolutely
4. The COI may specifically indicate crew member billets which
would, thereby, classify members of the officer rating by a license, and
seamen by the issuance of a Merchant Mariners Documents. This is commonly
referred to as a "MMD" (Merchant Mariners Document) or "Z-Card"
(identification number starts with the letter Z). However, other individuals
may be seamen if they meet the above noted two-part test. (See J.2.a. and
b.) Any individual who can be determined to be subject to the Jones Act
(reference C.6.), would be classified as a "seaman". Local U.S. Coast Guard
offices and staff are willing and helpful in those situations where it is
difficult to determine whether an individual or group of individuals would be
defined as a "seaman." In situations where a dispute or disagreement arises,
or a question remains, the OSHA National Office, Office of General Industry
Compliance Assistance (Maritime Division), shall be contacted through the
respective OSHA Regional Office before any violation is cited.
K. U.S. Coast Guard Inspected Vessel Regulations. The U.S. Coast
Guard regulates safety and health working conditions for seamen on inspected
vessels through the issuance of standards which are contained in 46 CFR
Chapter I. The enforcement of the U.S. Coast Guard requirements is set forth
in their Marine Safety Manual and Navigation and Vessel Inspection Circulars.
The U.S. Coast Guard also regulates commercial diving conducted from
inspected vessels per 46 CFR Part 197, Subpart B regulations. (See reference
1. The types of inspected vessels are set forth in 46 U.S.C. 3301.
They are freight vessels, nautical school vessels, off-shore supply vessels,
passenger vessels, sailing school vessels, seagoing barges, seagoing motor
vessels, small passenger vessels, steam vessels, tank vessels, fish
processing vessels of more than 5,000 gross tons, and fish tender vessels of
more than 500 gross tons.
2. Inspected vessels must carry a valid "Certificate of
Inspection" issued by the U.S. Coast Guard.
L. OSHA Requirements Enforceable on Inspected Vessels. OSHA may
exercise its authority to cite employers (other than the owners, operators,
agents or masters of inspected vessels employing only "seamen") for
all violative working conditions on a vessel when such violations occur
within OSHA's geographical jurisdiction. Primarily these employers are those
who employ longshoremen and workers engaged in ship repairing, shipbuilding,
1. An owner, operator, agent or master of an inspected vessel may
be cited for hazards to which non-seamen it employs are exposed if the hazard
is not specifically subject to a particular regulation of the U.S. Coast
Guard. The reporting of accidents by employers to OSHA is required for all
situations where OSHA has geographical jurisdiction in accordance with 29 CFR
2. OSHA requirements which remain enforceable on inspected vessels
for employees other than seamen are as follows:
a. 29 CFR 1915 for ship repair, shipbuilding and shipbreaking
(including applicable 29 CFR 1910 requirements. (See reference
b. 29 CFR 1918 for long shoring operations.
c. 29 CFR 1919 for cargo handling operations as referenced
under 29 CFR 1918 longshoring requirements. (See reference
d. 29 CFR 1926 for marine construction activities. (See
e. 29 CFR 1910 for general working conditions not otherwise
regulated. (See reference C.11.)
f. Identified recognized hazardous situations that are causing
or are likely to cause death or serious physical harm for which there are no
specific OSHA or U.S. Coast Guard standards will be cited under the
provisions of Section 5(a)(1) of the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSH
Act). (See reference C.12.)
NOTE 1: Situations will occur where the employee is
covered by OSHA, but the vessel hazard is
regulated by the U.S. Coast Guard. A common
example is the height of guardrails--OSHA
requires 42 inches, but the U.S. Coast Guard
allows various heights not specifically allowed
in the OSHA standards. In such cases involving
hardware design specifications, OSHA compliance
officers shall not cite the employer for the
condition if it complies with the Coast Guard
requirements. However, if a longshoring
employee were exposed to a fall into a hatch
because an installed guard-rail or lifeline was
missing or had been taken down, then OSHA
compliance officers shall cite the violation.
NOTE 2: Inspected vessels in an immobile status which
have been determined to be substantially a land
structure are issued a "Certificate of Permanently
Moored" by the Army Corps of Engineers and,
thereby, lose status as a vessel (i.e., prior
U.S. Coast Guard COI is invalid). A "Certificate
of Permanently Moored" may include prior vessels
being used as a theater, hotel, restaurant,
museum, factory, etc. OSHA may exercise its
authority to cite employers for all violative
working conditions on such prior vessels. If
there is any question, call the National Office,
Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance
(Maritime Division) for guidance.
NOTE 3: Inspected vessels used as gambling boats, tour
boats and similar vessels are subject to the
1983 MOU between the Coast Guard and OSHA
(reference C.2.). If the worker is determined
to be a "seaman" per paragraph J. of this
instruction, then the U.S. Coast Guard regulates
the working conditions.
M. OSHA Authority Over Commercial Uninspected Fishing Vessels.
Authority over commercial uninspected fishing vessels is shared by the U.S.
Coast Guard and OSHA, with the Coast Guard being the lead agency. OSHA is
precluded under Section 4(b)(1) of the OSH Act (reference C.12.) from
enforcement with respect to working conditions regulated by other Federal
agencies. Therefore, the promulgation of 46 CFR Part 28 (reference C.4.) by
the U.S. Coast Guard has expanded the extent of the Coast Guard's regulations
over "commercial" uninspected fishing vessels, and preempts OSHA with respect
to those working conditions specifically addressed by Coast Guard
1. OSHA will continue to regulate working conditions on
uninspected fishing vessels that are not otherwise covered by U.S. Coast
Guard standards, within the geographical limits specified in section I for
the protection of all employees including seamen. A list of enforceable OSHA
requirements is provided in Appendix A of this instruction.
2. Pursuant to 29 C.F.R. 1910.6(a)(3), OSHA deems it necessary to
assure the presence of Coast Guard personnel during OSHA inspections of
fishing vessels, as a general rule. Therefore, when practical and feasible,
the OSHA Area Director will advise the Coast Guard in advance of inspections
to be conducted aboard fishing vessels, and OSHA compliance officers will
allow U.S. Coast Guard personnel to accompany them at the option of the Coast
a. OSHA shall advise the Coast Guard on a case-by-case basis
of OSHA's requirement that vessel owners and employers are not given advance
notice of the inspection.
b. Specific occupational hazards noted by OSHA compliance
officers which are addressed by U.S. Coast Guard regulations will be referred
to the local U.S. Coast Guard District Office in writing through the use of
the OSHA 90 Form with a cover letter. This procedure will allow Integrated
Management Information System queries to be conducted on referrals submitted
to the U.S. Coast Guard by OSHA. Otherwise, the violations will be cited by
OSHA compliance officers under OSHA procedures and
3. Pursuant to appropriations limitations, OSHA is currently
precluded from conducting "programmed" safety inspections of worksites in the
fishing industry with 10 or fewer employees. Field personnel are reminded to
review OSHA Instruction CPL 2.51 (reference C.13.) for any applicable
limitations placed on OSHA activities by the Congress in the law providing
appropriations for the Department of Labor.
N. U.S. Coast Guard Commercial Uninspected Fishing Vessel
Regulations. The U.S. Coast Guard regulations for commercial
"uninspected" fishing vessels (reference C.4.) are applicable to fish
processors up to 5,000 gross tons, fish tenders up to and including 500 gross
tons, and all commercial fishing vessels. Fish processors and fish tenders
which exceed these limits are "inspected" vessels. Currently, there is only
one known vessel (fish processor) which exceeds these limits. The U.S. Coast
Guard regulations are primarily performance-oriented requirements.
Applicable U.S. Coast Guard regulations in force, which preempt OSHA for
commercial uninspected fishing vessels, can be found in Appendix B.
O. OSHA Requirements Enforceable on Commercial Uninspected Fishing
Vessels. OSHA may exercise its authority to cite employers using
commercial uninspected fishing vessels for all violative working conditions
on a vessel when such violations occur within OSHA's geographical
jurisdiction, and when such violations are not specifically addressed by
Coast Guard vessels. Primarily these employers are those who employ fishing
industry employees (e.g., processing line workers), longshoremen and workers
engaged in ship repairing, shipbuilding, and shipbreaking.
1. An owner, operator, agent or master of an uninspected fishing
vessel may be cited for hazards to which any employee, including
seamen, are exposed if the hazard is not regulated by the U.S. Coast
a. OSHA compliance officers will ensure compliance with 29 CFR
1910 standards except for ship repair, shipbuilding, and shipbreaking where
29 CFR 1915 standards apply; and cargo handling operations where 29 CFR 1918
b. Identified recognized hazardous situations that are causing
or are likely to cause death or serious physical harm for which there are no
specific OSHA or U.S. Coast Guard standards will be cited under Section
5(a)(1) of the OSH Act. (See reference C.12.)
c. The reporting of accidents by employers to OSHA is required
for all situations where OSHA has geographical jurisdiction over the working
condition(s). (See Appendix A for specific conditions that continue to be
subject to OSHA enforcement.)
P. Authority Over Commercial Uninspected Vessels (Other than Commercial
Fishing Vessels). The U.S. Coast Guard conducts limited safety checks on
"uninspected vessels." The Coast Guard has regulations dealing with, and
conducts safety checks of, working conditions on commercial uninspected
vessels involving personal flotation devices, lifesaving equipment, fire
extinguishing equipment, fire fighting equipment, ventilation of engine
bilges and fuel tank compartments, and back-fire traps/flame arresters on
inboard engine carburetors using gasoline as a fuel. Any other working
condition on board a commercial uninspected vessel is subject to OSHA
1. U.S. Coast Guard regulations for uninspected vessels are not
a. Any vessel operating exclusively on inland waters which are
not navigable waters. The nearest U.S. Coast Guard Marine Safety Office will
provide a determination of navigable inland waters upon request. Any waters
from which a vessel cannot access the high seas would generally not be
considered navigable waters (e.g., a land locked lake, or a river/lake
up-stream of a dam).
b. Any vessel while laid up and dismantled and out of
c. Any vessel with title vested in the United States which is
used for public purposes, except vessels of the U.S. Maritime
2. Towing vessels and tugboats are not listed by the U.S. Coast
Guard as "Vessels Subject to Inspection" and are, therefore, uninspected
vessels. The two exceptions are steam powered towing vessels and
tugboats, and seagoing towing vessels and tugboats over 300 gross
tons which operate beyond the Boundary Line and, thus, are inspected
NOTE: If the vessel always operates within U.S. inland
waters then it is not required to be inspected.
Q. U.S. Coast Guard Uninspected Vessels (Other than Commercial Fishing
Vessels) Regulations. U.S. Coast Guard uninspected vessel regulations
(reference C.5.) provide clarification c the extent of U.S. Coast Guard
authority and enforcement in this area. Applicable U.S. Coast Guard
regulations in force which preempt OSHA on uninspected vessels are summarized
in Appendix C.
NOTE: U.S. Coast Guard regulations (reference C.5.) shall
reviewed prior to conducting inspections of uninspected vessels and prior to
the issuance of citations for violations.
R. OSHA Requirements Enforceable on Uninspected Vessels (Other than
Commercial Fishing Vessels). OSHA may exercise its authority to cite all
employers for all violative working conditions affecting their employees on
uninspected vessels when such violations occur within OSHA's geographical
jurisdiction and when such violations are not specifically addressed by a
Coast Guard regulation.
1. An owner, operator, agent or master of an uninspected vessel
may be cited for hazards to which any employees, including seamen, it
employs are exposed if the hazard is not regulated by the U.S. Coast
a. OSHA compliance officers will ensure compliance with 29 CFR
1910 standards except for ship repair, shipbuilding, and shipbreaking where
29 CFR 1915 standards apply; longshoring and cargo handling operations where
29 CFR 1918 and 1919 standards apply; and marine construction activities
where 29 CFR 1926 standards apply.
b. Identified recognized hazardous situations that are causing
or are likely to cause death or serious physical harm for which there are no
specific standards will be cited under the provisions of Section 5(a)(1) of
the OH Act. (See reference C.12.)
c. A list of the hazards regulated onboard uninspected vessels
by the Coast Guard is provided in Appendix C of this
2. The reporting of accidents by employers to OSHA is required for
all situations where OSHA has geographical jurisdiction.
Joseph A. Dear Assistant Secretary
DISTRIBUTION: National, Regional and Area Offices All Compliance
Officers State Designees NIOSH Regional Program Directors 7(c)(1) Project
SPECIFIC CONDITIONS ON UNINSPECTED FISHING VESSELS
SUBJECT TO OSHA ENFORCEMENT
1. Onboard cranes and their maintenance and use. [29 CFR 1910 Subpart N;
29 CFR 1915 Subpart G; 29 CFR 1918 Subpart B, F, G, and H]
NOTE: Cranes used to support ship repair or longshoring
operations (i.e., the transfer of cargo to or from a vessel) require
certification by a recognized Federal OSHA agency accredited under 29 CFR
2. Chains, hooks, and slings. [29 CFR 1910 Subpart N; 29 CFR 1915 Subpart
G; 29 CFR 1918 Subparts F, G and H]
3. Ropes (wire, manila, and synthetic). [29 CFR 1910 Subpart N; 29 CFR
1915 Subpart G; 29 CFR 1918 Subpart G]
4. Powered vehicles on board. [29 CFR 1910.178; 29 CFR 1918.73]
5. Maintenance and repair (painting, lockout/ragout, deck holes). [29 CFR
1915 Subparts B, C and E]
6. Open-sided floors and platforms. [29 CFR 1910 Subpart D; 29 CFR 1915
Subpart E; 29 CFR 1918 Subpart D]
7. Tools and portable equipment. [29 CFR 1910 Subpart P; 29 CFR 1915
8. Warning signs and labeling of control switches. [29 CFR 1910.147 and
.335; 29 CFR 1915 Subpart J]
9. Temporary cords (use, maintenance, and material construction). [Public
Law 91-596 Section 5(a)(1), 29 CFR 1915.92]
10. Exposed electrical wiring related to factory processing equipment.
[Public Law 91-596 Section 5(a)(1)]
11. Steam hose use and fittings. [29 CFR 1915.93]
12. Working around radar and other emission devices. [29 CFR 1915.95]
13. Illumination of work areas and accommodation spaces. [29 CFR 1915.92]
14. Washing, bathing, toilet, and clothes washing facilities. [29 CFR
15. Noise. [29 CFR 1910.95]
16. Elevators and dumbwaiters. [29 CFR 1910.212]
NOTE: For vessels classified by the Coast Guard as a "Fish
Processing Vessel" hazardous conditions of elevators and dumbwaiters which
are identified by OSHA are referred to the Coast Guard for appropriate
17. Vessel access (gangways). [29 CFR 1915 Subpart E, 29 CFR 1918 Subpart
18. Gas cylinder storage (use and compatibility). [29 CFR 1910 Subpart H,
29 CFR 1915.55]
19. Sources of ignition, including smoking (e.g., tobacco). [29 CFR 1915
20. Testing of oxygen-deficient atmospheres. [29 CFR 1915, Subpart B]
21. Cutting and welding permits, testing prior to work, and competent
persons in these areas. [29 CFR 1915, Subpart B]
22. Confined spaces. [29 CFR 1915, Subpart B]
23. Personal protective equipment, except lifesaving equipment, life
preservers, immersion suits, exposure suits, other personal flotation
devices; and on 46 CFR Part 28, Subparts C and D vessels, equipment dealing
with refrigerant ammonia and the protection of firefighters. [29 CFR 1910
Subpart I; 29 CFR 1915 Subpart I; 29 CFR 1918 Subpart J]
24. Gas masks and canisters, except equipment dealing with ammonia used as
a refrigerant; and on 46 CFR Part 28, Subparts C and D vessels, equipment for
firefighters. [29 CFR 1910.134; 29 CFR 1915.152]
25. Respiratory protective programs and respirator checks, except ammonia
used as a refrigerant; and on 46 CFR Part 28, Subparts C and D vessels,
equipment for firefighters. [29 1910.134; 29 CFR 1915.152]
26. Asbestos and other chemical exposures, except refrigerant ammonia on 46
CFR Part 28, Subparts C and D vessels. [29 CFR 1910 Subpart Z; 29 CFR 1915
27. Materials handling and storage. [29 CFR 1910 Subpart N; 29 CFR 1915
Subpart G; 29 CFR 1918 Subpart H]
28. Hazard communication. [29 CFR 1910.1200, 29 CFR 1915.1200]
29. Bloodborne pathogens. [29 CFR 1910.1030, 29 CFR 1915.1030]
30. Emergency response and spill clean up. [29 CFR 1910.120]
31. Reporting of accidents and fatalities. [29 CFR 1904]
NOTE: Section 4(b)(1) of the OSH Act does not apply to reporting;
therefore, OSHA and the U.S. Coast Guard may enforce their own rules.
Accidents and fatalities which occur within OSHA's geographical jurisdiction
are required to be reported to OSHA in accordance with 29 CFR
32. Recording of illnesses and injuries. [29 CFR 1904]
NOTE: Section 4(b)(1) of the OSH Act does not apply to
recordkeeping; therefore, OSHA and the U.S. Coast Guard may enforce their own
APPLICABLE U.S. COAST GUARD REGULATIONS FOR
COMMERCIAL UNINSPECTED FISHING VESSELS
1. U.S. Coast Guard requirements which apply to all commercial uninspected
fishing vessels (46 CFR Part 28, Subpart B). (See reference C.4.)
a. General lifesaving equipment.
(1) Personal floatation device (PFD) and immersion suits. [46
(2) Ring life buoys. [46 CFR 28.115]
(3) Survival craft. [46 CFR 28.120]
(4) Stowage of survival craft. [46 CFR 28.125]
(5) Lifesaving equipment markings. [46 CFR 28.135]
(6) Readiness, maintenance and inspection of lifesaving
equipment. [46 CFR 28.145]
b. Distress signals. [46 CFR 28.145]
c. Emergency Position Indicating Radar Beacons (EPIRBs). [46 CFR
28.150, 46 CFR 25.26].
d. Excess fire detection and protection equipment. [46 CFR
e. Portable fire extinguishers. [46 CFR 28.155].
f. Injury placard. [46 CFR 28.165]
g. Casualty reporting. [46 CFR 4.05]
h. Injury reporting. [46 CFR 4.05]
2. Additional U.S. Coast Guard requirements which apply to documented
commercial fishing vessels that operate beyond the Boundary Lines or with 16
or more individuals on board (reference C.4., Subpart C):
a. Fireman's outfit and self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
Each vessel with 49 or more passengers onboard must have two such outfits.
Each vessel that uses ammonia as a refrigerant must have two SCBAS, each with
a spare bottle. [46 CFR 28.205]
b. First aid equipment and training. [46 CFR 28.215]
c. Guards for exposed hazards (including machine guarding). This
includes, but is not limited to, factory processing equipment on fish
processing vessels. [46 CFR 28.215]
(1) Each space on board a vessel must meet the requirements of
(2) Suitable hand covers, guards, or railing must be installed
in way of machinery which can cause injury to personnel, such as gearing,
chain or belt drives, and rotating shafting. This is not meant to restrict
necessary access to fishing equipment such as winches, drums or
(3) Each exhaust pipe from an internal combustion engine which
is within reach of personnel must be insulated or otherwise guarded to
d. Navigational information. [46 CFR 28.225]
e. Compass with deviation table. [46 CFR 28.230]
f. Anchors and radar reflectors. [46 CFR 28.235]
g. General alarm system. [46 CFR 28.240]
h. Communication equipment. [46 CFR 28.245]
i. High water alarms. [46 CFR 28.250]
j. Bilge pumps, bilge piping, and dewatering systems. [46 CFR
28.250 and .255]
k. Electronic position fixing devices. [46 CFR 28.260]
l. Emergency instructions, training, drills and safety
orientation. [46 CFR 28.265 and .270]
(1) Abandoning the vessel, fighting fires, recovering an
individual from the water, minimizing the effects of unintentional flooding,
launching survival craft, recovering lifeboats and rescue
(2) Donning a fireman's outfit and a SCBA, making a voice radio
distress call and using visual distress signals, activating the general alarm
and reporting inoperative alarm systems and fire detection system;
(3) Drills, and vessel safety orientation.
3. In addition to the aforementioned regulations, commercial fishing
vessels which have had their keel laid or are at a similar stage of
construction or which undergo a major conversion completed on or after
September 15, 1991, and that operate with more than 16 individuals on board
must comply with the following U.S. Coast Guard requirements (reference C.4.,
a. Lifesaving/Deck Equipment.
(1) Lifesaving and signaling equipment. [46 CFR 28.305]
(2) Launching survival craft. [46 CFR 28.310]
(3) Means of escape. [46 CFR 28.390]
(4) Embarkation stations. [46 CFR 28.395]
(5) Radar & depth sounding devices. [46 CFR 28.400]
(6) Deck rails, lifelines, storm rails and hand grabs. [46 CFR
b. Fire Fighting/Engineering Equipment.
(1) Fire pumps, mains, hydrants and hoses. [46 CFR
(2) Fixed gas fire extinguishing systems. [46 CFR 28.320]
(3) Fire detection systems. [46 CFR 28.335]
(4) Galley hood and other fire protection equipment. [46 CFR
(5) Fuel systems. [46 CFR 28.335]
(6) Ventilation of enclosed engine and fuel tank spaces. [46
(7) Electrical standard for vessels greater than 79 feet in
length. [46 CFR 28.345]
(8) General requirements for electrical systems. [46 CFR
(9) Main source of electrical power. [46 CFR 28.355]
(10) Electrical distribution systems. [46 CFR 360]
(11) Overcurrent protection and switched circuits. [46 CFR
(12) Wiring methods and materials. [46 CFR 28.370]
(13) Emergency source of electrical power. [46 CFR 28.375]
(14) General structural fire protection. [46 CFR 28.380]
(15) Structural fire protection for vessels with more than 49
individuals on board. [46 CFR 28.385]
(16) Hydraulic equipment. [46 CFR 28.405]
4. Stability requirements which apply to documented commercial fishing
industry vessels greater than 79 feet (See reference C.4., Subpart E).
5. Requirements which apply to fish processing vessels (See reference
C.4., Subpart F).
6. Requirements which apply to fish tender vessels engaged in the Aleutian
Trade Act (See reference C.4., Subpart G).
U.S. COAST GUARD REGULATIONS FOR
1. Personal Flotation Devices (PFD) and Other Lifesaving Equipment [46 CFR
a. An approved and readily available PFD is required to be on
board the vessel for each individual on board. An exposure suit is
considered to be an acceptable substitute for a PFD. All lifesaving
equipment designed to be worn is required to be readily available and in
b. Each vessel 26 feet or longer must have at least one approved
ring life buoy which is immediately available. All lifesaving equipment
designed to be thrown into the water is required to be immediately available
and in serviceable condition.
c. An approved commercial hybrid PFD is acceptable if worn when
the vessel is underway and the intended wearer is not within an enclosed
space; labeled for use on uninspected commercial vessels; and used as marked
and in accordance with the owner's manual.
d. An approved light is required for all PFDs and exposure suits.
Also, all PFDs must have approved retro-reflective material
2. Fire Extinguishing Equipment [46 CFR 25.30].
a. Hand-portable fire extinguishers and semi-portable fire
extinguishing systems must be of the "B" type (i.e.; suitable for
extinguishing fires involving flammable liquids, greases, etc.).
b. Hand-portable fire extinguishers and semi-portable fire
extinguishing systems must have a plate listing the name of the item, rated
capacity (gallons, quarts or pounds), name and address of person/firm for
whom approved, and manufacturer's identifying mark.
c. Portable fire extinguishers must be inspected and weighed every
d. Minimum number of B-II hand portable fire extinguishers
required to be on board motor vessels: one if less than 50 tons, two if
50-100 tons, three if 100-500 tons, six if 500-1000 tons, and eight if over
e. Fixed fire extinguishing systems must be an approved carbon
dioxide type and must meet the U.S. Coast Guard requirements. (See reference
C.5., Part 25.30-15.)
3. Backfire Flame Control [46 CFR 25.35].
Every gasoline engine installed after April 25, 1940, except
outboard motors, must be equipped with an acceptable means of backfire flame
4. Ventilation of Tanks and Engine Spaces [46 CFR 25.40].
Fuel tanks and engine spaces, using fuel with a flashpoint of 110
degrees Fahrenheit or less, must be provided with adequate ventilation to
remove explosive or flammable gases from the fuel tank compartment or