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Occupational Safety and Health Administration OSHA

Violation Detail

Standard Cited:5A0001 OSH Act General Duty Paragraph

This violation item has been deleted.

Violation Items

Nr: 914943.015 Citation: 01001 Issuance: 11/26/2013 ReportingID: 0521700

Viol Type:Serious NrInstances:1 Contest Date:12/17/2013
Abatement Date:12/09/2013 Nr Exposed:9 Final Order:01/05/2017
Initial Penalty: $7,000.00 REC:A Emphasis:
Current Penalty: $0.00 Gravity:10 Haz Category:

Substance: 8330 Heat Stress

Penalty and Failure to Abate Event History
Type Event Date Penalty Abatement Type FTA Insp
Penalty Z: Issued 11/26/2013 $7,000.00 12/09/2013 Serious  
Penalty :   12/18/2013 $7,000.00 12/09/2013 Serious  
Penalty J: ALJ Decision 01/05/2017 $7,000.00 12/09/2013 Serious  

Text For Citation: 01 Item/Group: 001 Hazard:

Section 5(a)(1) of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970: The employer did not furnish employment and a place of employment which were free from recognized hazards that were causing or likely to cause death or serious physical harm to employees in that employees were exposed to heat: a. On or about June 24, 2013, located at the Chicago Transit Authority (CTA) Dan Ryan Red Line Track Removal site in Chicago, Illinois, workers were exposed to the hazardous conditions of excessive heat during the performance of their duties, which included installing a 4 inch 16 cell underground mainline electrical duct package under non-shaded conditions. The maximum NOAA Heat Index was 87.8 degrees Fahrenheit between the hours of 11:51 AM and 3:51 PM. Heat Index values are devised for shady, light wind conditions and it has been noted that exposure to full sunshine can increase Heat Index values by up to 15 degrees Fahrenheit. Such exposures may lead to the development of serious heat-related illnesses such as heat exhaustion and heat stroke, especially for un-acclimatized workers. The employers heat-related illness prevention efforts lacked acclimatization procedures to ensure that new employees were gradually introduced to the full working conditions (workload and duration) at the job site. In addition, a formal work/rest schedule based on environmental measurements such as temperature and relative humidity was not implemented for the work site. On June 24, 2013, a newly rehired employee was engaged in work involving the lifting, carrying, and installation of 20 foot long, 4 inch diameter polyvinyl chloride (PVC) pipes. This employee began displaying symptoms of severe heat-related illness during the employees first day on the project. The employee later collapsed and emergency medical services were summoned. The employee later died on June 25, 2013 as a result of heat stroke. Feasible and acceptable methods to abate this hazard include, but are not limited to: 1. Implement a heat acclimatization program for new employees or employees returning to work from absences of three or more days. 2. Implement a formalized work/rest regiment based on environmental working conditions. 3. Develop and implement detailed guidelines for removal of employees from hazardous conditions through worksite monitoring when employees are exhibiting signs and symptoms of heat-related illnesses. 4. Provide cool, climate-controlled areas where employees can recover when signs of heat-related illnesses are recognized. 5. Ensure employees and supervisors understand the signs, symptoms, and prevention of heat-related illnesses and disorders, such as, heat rash, heat cramps, heat syncope, dehydration, heat exhaustion, and heat stroke. 6. Provide employees with information on certain medical conditions and medications that may increase the risk of developing heat-related illnesses. Advise employees to consult with their doctors or pharmacist if they have questions about whether they are at increased risk of heat-related illnesses because of health conditions they have and/or medications they take. 7. Track weather conditions at the job site that may increase the risk of developing heat-related illnesses including parameters such as dry bulb temperature, wet bulb temperature, globe thermometer temperature, relative humidity, and wind speed. Guidance documents that may assist you in the abatement of this hazard are as follows: NIOSH [1986]. Criteria for a recommended standard. Occupational exposure to hot environments - revised criteria. Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 86-113. American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienist [2011]. TLVs and BEIs. Threshold Limit Values and Biological Exposure Indices, Cincinnati, OH: ACGIH pp. 211 - 220. OSHA-NIOSH INFOSHEET - Protecting Workers from Heat Illness

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