Keeping Workers Safe During Oil Spill Response and Cleanup Operations
Oil Spill
Home
Worker
Rights
Chemical
Exposure
Hazards Training News
Releases
Worker
Protection
OSHA
Activity

The information and recommendations in this fact sheet may change
as this oil response and cleanup work continues.
This fact sheet will be revised as needed so make sure you have the latest version.
August 23, 2010



High Pressure Flushing (Off Shore)
 
High pressure flushing
High pressure flushing with proper PPE



What Is This Job?

From boats, workers use high-pressure, hot water spray to flush oil from boats or other objects. (High pressure is more than 3,000 pounds per square inch, or psi.) The oil is pushed into areas where it can be collected.

What Dangers Has OSHA Found For This Task?

OSHA has closely watched workers doing oil spill work and has run tests to see if there are harmful substances in the air. The major risks that OSHA has found for this task are:
  • Heat stress is a very serious risk for workers in the Gulf. It can cause a lot of different problems, from just feeling dizzy or sick to your stomach to fainting and death.
    Heat stroke is a medical emergency. It causes confusion and you may have seizures (fits), pass out, or even die - Call for medical help right away and begin cooling the person (move them to the shade or air conditioning, douse with cool water, and fan them) while waiting!
    Heat stress can give you a headache and make you dizzy and very tired. You may pass out, feel sick to your stomach, throw up, and have muscle cramps. Get into the shade and drink water right away! Notify a supervisor and have someone stay with you/coworker because this could become heat stroke
  • Weathered oil on bare skin can cause rashes
  • Pressurized water can damage eyes and bruise skin
  • Drowning when working over water
  • Back injuries, joint and muscle problems from repeated lifting and bending
  • Slippery surfaces and tripping over ropes, cords, or hoses can cause you to fall
  • Noise at loud levels or at certain pitches can cause hearing problems for a short time or can damage your ability to hear for the rest of your life
  • Exhaust from gas and diesel engines give off carbon monoxide, which can cause headaches, dizziness, drowsiness, nausea, throwing up, blacking out, put you in a coma or even kill you. Exhaust fumes also contain many other harmful chemicals such as carbon dioxide, sulfur and nitrogen mixtures that cause burning or itching in the nose and throat, asthma attacks and other health effects
Other hazards to be aware of include: What Must My Employer Do To Protect Me?

Employers must provide their workers with a safe workplace. You should report any unsafe working conditions to your supervisor or safety coordinator right away. If you are injured or feel sick, notify your supervisor immediately. For the ongoing oil response and cleanup operations, your employer must have a site safety plan for where you work and share it with you. The plan MUST include:
  1. The training you need to safely do this task.
  2. The work practices you need to use to avoid getting hurt or sick.
  3. The protective clothing and equipment you need when doing this job.
  4. How to report any health and safety hazards I see and any illnesses or injuries caused by my work.
Your employer must provide you the safety clothing and equipment you need to do your job safely and replace it if it wears out.

What Training Do I Need To Do This Job Safely?

Workers doing this task must take these two classes:
  • 4 hoursMarine Spilled Oil Responses (Module 3), and
  • 4 hoursMarine Vessel Health and Safety (Module 4).
Supervisors must have additional hazardous waste operations training.

What Work Practices Do I Need To Use?
  • Follow the user's manual instructions for inspecting, using, and refueling the pressure washer.
  • Follow the work-and-rest schedule for your work site based on the weather and the time of day [for example, 20 minutes of work and then 40 minutes of rest (in shade, if possible) each hour].
  • Drink water often throughout the day.
  • Always wear your protective clothing and equipment properly and ask for new equipment if it is worn out and no longer protects you.
  • Decontaminate and remove your protective clothing before breaks and at the end of your work shift.
  • Put used protective clothing and other equipment in the proper place.
  • Use insect repellent with DEET.
  • Apply sunscreen often to exposed skin.
  • Try to work upwind and away from gas and diesel engines.
  • Point the water stream away from you and from others as you work. Try to work upwind of the over spray. Always work from the top down.
  • Use lifting equipment and get others to help you when moving heavy objects.
  • Don't use broken or damaged tools. Turn them into your supervisor so no one else uses them.
  • Keep walk ways and paths clear of electrical cords, cable, ropes and other tripping hazards.
  • Wash your hands with soap and water before eating, drinking, smoking, using a toilet or handling a phone or other personal items.
What Safety Clothing and Equipment Must My Employer Provide (Free of Cost)?
 
If you are doing this job, then you need:
Chemical resistant disposable Coveralls Impervious suit for extended oil contact Disposable suit made of material that doesn’t allow oil to get through to your clothing or skin.

Only required if your supervisor tells you it is necessary.
Sun Hat and Sun Screen Sun hat and sun screen Protect you from sunburn and help prevent heat-related illness.
Safety GooglesSafety goggles Cover your eyes and nearby skin and protect against dust, splashes, impact, and flying objects.

Only required if your supervisor tells you they are necessary.
Nitrile (synthetic rubber) heavy general-duty use (26-40 mil thick) Gloves Nitrile (synthetic rubber) heavy-duty use (11-26 mil thick) gloves For heavy use, thicker nitrile gloves (2640 millimeters) prevent oil, grease, and other petroleum products from contacting your skin.
Face Shield Face shield Face shields is only worn over safety goggles to provide extra protection from splashes and sprays.


Steel Toed Rubber Boots Steel toed protective shoes/boots Steel toed shoes and boots protect your feet from being crushed or being cut by sharp objects.
Rubber Boots Boot covers Boot covers, also called "chicken boots", keep oil or other liquids from touching your skin or shoes.

Only required if your supervisor says they are necessary.
Hearing Protection Hearing protection (ear plugs and muffs) Protect your hearing from harmful levels of noise. Plugs are worn in the ear, while muffs cover the whole ear. You need to wear BOTH ear plugs and muffs together for this job.
You may also need the following equipment if your specific job or work site requires them. Your supervisor will tell you if you need this equipment.
Hard Hat Hard hat Hard hats prevent injuries from falling objects or bumping your head.

Only required when there are overhead or other objects on which you might bump your head.
Hi-Visibility Garment Hi-visibility garment Clothing with bright fluorescent colors and reflective stripes to make you more visible.

Only required when working around heavy equipment or utility terrain vehicles.
PFD Personal Flotation Device (PFD) Protects you from drowning.

Only required when working on docks or vessels, or if entering the water or surf.

Do I Need To Wear A Respirator?

OSHA sampling data indicates that using high pressure water on oily booms, equipment, and other surfaces could create oil mist and other chemicals in the air. Because of the way that this task is done, you cannot completely control the level oil of mist and other chemicals by using only the work practices listed and natural ventilation. For these reasons, medium and high pressure washing operations MUST be continually monitored so that your supervisor or safety coordinator can tell you when additional protective equipment, including a respirator, is needed.

The correct respirator for this operation must be at least a P100 DISPOSABLE FILTERING FACE PIECE shown in the picture below:

P100 Disposable Filtering Face Piece


BEFORE you can use a respirator, your employer MUST train you in the proper use of this equipment, and make sure a medical professional says you are physically able to wear a respirator.


How Can OSHA Help Me if My Employer Puts Me at Risk or Does Not Provide Me With the Equipment and Training I Need?

All workers involved in the oil spill response and cleanup have the right to a safe workplace just as they would in any other job. Contact OSHA at 1-800-321-OSHA (6742) if you think you job is unsafe, if you have questions about safety and health or if you have symptoms and want to report them. OSHA keeps your information confidential. You may file a complaint to have OSHA inspect your workplace if you believe that your employer is not following OSHA standards or there are serious hazards.

OSHA Protection From Discrimination If You Raise Safety And Health Concerns

You may also file a complaint if you believe you were fired or in any way retaliated against for raising safety concerns to an employer or for participating in safety and health activities. OSHA protects workers who complain to their employer, OSHA or other government agencies about unsafe or unhealthful working conditions in the workplace or environmental problems. You cannot be transferred, denied a raise, have your hours reduced, be fired, or punished in any other way because you used any right afforded to you under the OSHA Act.

If you have been punished or discriminated against for using your rights, you must file a complaint with OSHA within 30 days of the alleged reprisal for most complaints. No form is required, but you must send a letter or call your local Area Office to report the discrimination (within 30 days of the alleged discrimination). You can also call the 1-800 321 -0SHA (6742) and they will connect you to your area office.



This is one in a series of informational fact sheets highlighting OSHA programs, policies or standards. It does not impose any new compliance requirements. For a comprehensive list of compliance requirements of OSHA standards or regulations, refer to Title 29 of the Code of Federal Regulations. This information will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. The voice phone is (202) 693-1999; teletypewriter (TTY) number: (877) 889-5627.