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OSHA News Release
Region 8

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Region 8 News Release: 11-1508-SEA (11-246)
Oct. 24, 2011
Contact: Michael Shimizu
Phone: 206-553-7620


US Department of Labor's OSHA cites Western Municipal Construction in
Billings, Mont., for trench cave-in hazards, proposes $73,920 in fines

BILLINGS, Mont. – The U.S. Department of Labor's Occupational Safety and Health Administration has cited Western Municipal Construction Inc. in Billings for one willful and five serious violations following two separate inspections of work sites in Billings and Great Falls, at which workers were exposed to possible trench cave-ins. Proposed fines for both inspections total $73,920.

"A trench can quickly turn into a grave when employers fail to address hazards that could lead to a collapse," said Christine A. Webb, OSHA's area director in Billings. "It is the employer's responsibility to ensure a safe work environment."

The company was cited for the willful violation based on the first inspection, conducted at the Billings work site, for failing to provide cave-in protection for its workers. A willful violation is one committed with intentional, knowing or voluntary disregard for the law's requirements, or with plain indifference to employee safety and health.

Additionally, three serious violations involve exposing workers to being struck by a 12-inch water line that was lowered into the trench from above, failing to prevent excavated materials from falling back into the trench and failing to provide workers with a safe means of egress from the trench. A serious violation occurs when there is substantial probability that death or serious physical harm could result from a hazard about which the employer knew or should have known.

The second inspection, based on a referral about hazards at the Great Falls work site, resulted in citations for two serious violations. One involved the company's failure to ensure air monitoring was completed prior to entry of a permit-required confined space in which there was the potential for an oxygen-deficient atmosphere. The other citation was for failing to ensure a trench box was placed no more than 2 feet from the bottom of the trench.

OSHA standards mandate that all excavations 5 feet or deeper be protected against collapse. Detailed information on trenching and excavation hazards is available on OSHA's website at

The company has 15 business days from receipt of the citations and proposed penalties to comply, request an informal conference with OSHA's area director or contest the finding before the independent Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission.

To ask questions, obtain compliance assistance, file a complaint, or report workplace hospitalizations, fatalities or situations posing imminent danger to workers, the public should call OSHA's toll-free hotline at 800-321-OSHA (6742), or the agency's Billings Area Office at 406-247-7494.

Under the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, employers are responsible for providing safe and healthful workplaces for their employees. OSHA's role is to ensure these conditions for America's working men and women by setting and enforcing standards and providing training, education and assistance. For more information, visit


U.S. Department of Labor news materials are accessible at The information above is available in large print, Braille, audio tape or disc from the COAST office upon request by calling 202-693-7828 or TTY 202-693-7755.