Archive Notice - OSHA Archive

NOTICE: This is an OSHA Archive Document, and may no longer represent OSHA Policy. It is presented here as historical content, for research and review purposes only.

Department of Labor Logo
OSHA News Release
Region 4

Please note: As of January 20, 2021, information in some news releases may be out of date or not reflect current policies.


Region 4 News Release: 11-650-ATL (233)
May 19, 2011
Contact: Michael D'Aquino Michael Wald
Phone: 404-562-2076 404-562-2078
Email: d'


US Labor Department's OSHA cites Georgia trenching company for
willful, repeat and serious safety violations; proposes $94,050 in fines

MANSFIELD, Ga. – The U.S. Department of Labor's Occupational Safety and Health Administration has cited D&J's Trenching Services of Mansfield with five safety violations and $94,050 in penalties for exposing workers to unsafe trenching practices at a job site in the Orchard Park subdivision of Covington, Ga.

OSHA found that employees installing a new sewer line were exposed to engulfment hazards while working in an 8-foot-deep trench without any protective system in place. OSHA issued the company one willful citation with a $69,300 proposed penalty for allegedly allowing workers in the unprotected trench despite knowing its depth, knowing the OSHA requirements and previously having been cited for this same violation three times within the past five years. A willful violation is one committed with intentional knowing or voluntary disregard for the law's requirements, or with plain indifference to worker safety and health.

A repeat violation with a $13,860 fine was cited for exposing workers to fall and engulfment hazards while working in a trench without a safe means of exit. A repeat violation exists when an employer previously has been cited for the same or a similar violation of a standard, regulation, rule or order at any other facility in federal enforcement states within the last five years.

Three serious violations with penalties totaling $10,890 include exposing workers to electrical hazards by not properly supporting an underground electrical line, fall hazards by allowing employees to access a portable ladder that did not extend at least 3 feet higher than the trench wall, and chemical hazards by not implementing a hazard communication program while employees were using hazardous chemicals such as diesel fuels and oils. A serious violation occurs when there is substantial probability that death or serious physical harm could result from a hazard about which the employer knew or should have known.

"Excavation and trenching are some of the most hazardous operations in construction. This company's management is well aware of OSHA's rules, yet they continue to ignore the dangers," said William Fulcher, director of OSHA's Atlanta East Area Office. "Anyone who performs these types of operations knows that the walls of a trench, without a protective system, will cave in sooner or later. This employer is choosing to risk the lives of workers every time they enter an unprotected excavation."

OSHA standards mandate that all excavations 5 feet or deeper be protected against collapse. Detailed information on trenching and excavation hazards is available on OSHA's website at

The company has 15 business days from receipt of the citations and proposed penalties to comply, request a conference with OSHA's area director or contest the findings before the independent Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission. The site was inspected by OSHA's Atlanta East office, telephone 770-493-6644. To report workplace incidents, fatalities or situations posing imminent danger to workers, call the agency's toll-free hotline at 800-321-OSHA (6742).

Under the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, employers are responsible for providing safe and healthful workplaces for their employees. OSHA's role is to ensure these conditions for America's working men and women by setting and enforcing standards, and providing training, education and assistance. For more information, visit


U.S. Department of Labor news materials are accessible at The information above is available in large print, Braille, audio tape or disc from the COAST office upon request by calling 202-693-7828 or TTY 202-693-7755.