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Please note: As of January 20, 2021, information in some news releases may be out of date or not reflect current policies.


Feb. 22, 2016 BOS 2016-025


OSHA administrative law judge rules that Connecticut contractor
misclassified employees as independent contractors

Date of action: Feb. 1, 2016

Type of action: Decision and Order

Names of defendant: David Dzenutis dba Royal Construction Company, a roofing contractor in Canton, Connecticut.

Background: The U.S. Department of Labor's Occupational Safety and Health Administration cited Royal Construction for seven violations of workplace safety standards at a Farmington work site. A total of $20,240 in fines was proposed. Royal Construction filed a notice of contest with the independent Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission in August 2014 and litigation commenced.

Royal Construction claimed that the workers at the job site were not employees under the requirements of the Occupational Safety and Health Act but instead independent contractors who worked under their own supervision, supplied their own tools and made their own hours.

Decision: After review, Administrative Law Judge Keith E. Bell found that the Labor Department established the following:

  • Royal Construction had employees at the job site, and provided materials, tools, trailer and equipment needed for the project.
  • Dzenutis had control over the workers and work site safety.
  • Royal Construction determined when and for how long the individuals worked; the work was done as part of the regular business of Royal Construction.
  • The company paid hourly wages to the individuals working at the site.

Judge Bell also upheld the citations and proposed penalties. The full court decision and order can be read here.

Quote: "Employers cannot evade their responsibility by claiming that workers on a job site are independent contractors when the facts show otherwise. We will not hesitate to pursue appropriate legal action to ensure that workers are provided with the safeguards to which they are entitled," said Michael Felsen, the regional solicitor of labor for New England.

"Judge Bell's decision and order upholds a basic tenet of the OSH Act, the employer/employee relationship. Employers have a fundamental responsibility to their employees, to provide them with a safe and healthful workplace,' said Kim Stille, OSHA's regional administrator for New England.

The original inspection was conducted by OSHA's Hartford Area Office. The case was litigated for OSHA by attorney Mark Pedulla of the regional Office of the Solicitor in Boston.

Court: U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission

Docket Number: 14-1384

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Media Contact:

Ted Fitzgerald, 617-565-2075

Release Number: 16-344-BOS

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