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OSHA News Release
Region 1

Please note: As of January 20, 2021, information in some news releases may be out of date or not reflect current policies.


Region 1 News Release: 14-138-BOS/BOS 2014-017 
Feb. 10, 2014 
Contact: Ted Fitzgerald Andre Bowser 
Phone: 617-565-2075 617-565-2074 


US Labor Department's OSHA cites Wakefield, Mass., contractor for exposing 
workers to cave-in hazards at Milton work site

Repeat violator Joseph P. Cardillo & Son Inc. faces $144,400 in fines

BRAINTREE, Mass. – The U.S. Department of Labor's Occupational Safety and Health Administration has cited Wakefield excavation and utilities contractor Joseph P. Cardillo & Son Inc. for willful and serious violations of excavation safety standards at a Milton work site. Cardillo faces $144,400 in proposed fines following an inspection by OSHA's Braintree Area Office begun on Aug. 6, 2013, in response to an anonymous complaint.

"The proposed fines reflect both the gravity of the hazards and that the employer knowingly refused to comply with using required safeguards," said Brenda Gordon, OSHA's area director for Boston and southeastern Massachusetts. "These workers could have been crushed and buried in seconds beneath tons of soil and debris, without any escape options. This risk is unacceptable, and this employer has been cited previously for the same hazards."

Workers were installing water mains in a trench 6 feet, 8 inches deep at Rustlewood and Central Avenues, with no cave-in protection and a ladder to exit. They were exposed to falling debris that accumulated above the trench. As a result, OSHA issued two willful citations, with $140,000 in fines, for the cave-in and exit hazards. OSHA issued one serious citation, with a $4,400 fine, for the debris hazard. The same willful violations were cited in Dec. 2010 at a Salem, N.H., work site.

OSHA File photo (March 6, 2002) : Illustrates hazards such as employees working in an unprotected excavation, without a ladder and with debris piled atop the excavation.
OSHA File photo (March 6, 2002): Illustrates hazards such as employees working in an unprotected excavation, without a ladder and with debris piled atop the excavation.

A willful violation is one committed with intentional, knowing or voluntary disregard for the law's requirements, or with plain indifference to worker safety and health. A serious violation occurs when there is substantial probability that death or serious physical harm could result from a hazard about which the employer knew or should have known.

OSHA standards require that all trenches and excavations* 5 feet or deeper be protected against sidewalls collapsing. Protection* may be provided through shoring of the trench walls, sloping the soil at a shallow angle or by using a protective trench box.

Since 2011, Cardillo has been placed in OSHA's Severe Violator Enforcement Program*, which focuses on employers with a history of safety violations that endanger workers by demonstrating indifference to their responsibilities under the law.

The company has 15 business days from receipt of its latest citations and proposed penalties to comply, meet informally with OSHA's area director, or contest the findings before the independent Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission. The citations can be viewed at*.

To ask questions, obtain compliance assistance, file a complaint or report workplace hospitalizations, fatalities or situations posing imminent danger to workers, the public should call OSHA's toll-free hotline at 800-321-OSHA (6742) or the agency's Braintree Area Office at 617-565-6924.

Under the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, employers are responsible for providing safe and healthful workplaces for their employees. OSHA's role is to ensure these conditions for America's working men and women by setting and enforcing standards, and providing training, education and assistance. For more information, visit


U.S. Department of Labor news materials are accessible at The information above is available in large print, Braille or CD from the COAST office upon request by calling 292-693-7828 or TTY 292-693-7755.

* Accessibility Assistance: Contact OSHA's Office of Communications at 202-693-1999 for assistance accessing PDF materials.