Hazard identification is a key part of any injury and illness prevention program within a business (especially small and medium sized companies). If hazards aren't identified, then they can't be mitigated properly. This tool is designed to help company leadership as well as workers practice more effectively identifying hazards.
Although the upper management of a company may not be involved in day-to-day operations, management leadership (along with worker participation) is essential to ensuring that all hazards are identified and addressed. However, not all leaders are comfortable with the basics of hazard identification.
The OSHA Hazard Identification Training Tool (Play as Owner mode) is a game, aimed at entrepreneurs and managers, in which players practice identifying and prioritizing various workplace hazards. The game presents five generalized elements of a hazard identification program and a set of scenarios targeting different industries. Using hazard identification process fundamentals from the game, it is possible to apply safe work practices in any setting.
How To Play as Owner: Basics
While workers are often experts in their own part of the business, they may not be comfortable with the basics of hazard identification in any area. Understanding a generic hazard identification process can be the first step on the way to a safer workplace.
The OSHA Hazard Identification Training Tool (Play as Worker mode) is a game, aimed at workers, in which players practice identifying various workplace hazards. The game presents three generalized elements of a hazard identification program. Using hazard identification process fundamentals from the game, it is possible to apply safe work practices in any setting.
How To Play as Worker: Basics
Hazard identification can be broken into five key elements, four categories of identification tools and the prioritization step. Use the four types of tools to continuously identify hazards in your workplace. Once you have a list of hazards, continually evaluate and prioritize that list based on severity and exposure, mitigating as many hazards as possible.
Review all information you may already have available to find hazards that have already been identified by others.
Inspect equipment and work areas when not in operation, using common sense and drawing on the knowledge of the operators to identify potential hazards. Be sure to observe processes in action as well; doing so may uncover additional hazards that would not be otherwise obvious.
Often, talking to your workers and listening to their feedback is the most effective way to quickly find hazards. Be sure to stay engaged with them and listen closely, as they may not always know that they are describing a hazard.
Although our goal is zero incidents, when one happens, it is important to take that as an opportunity to learn about hazards that may have been overlooked. Investigate to find true root causes and address systemic issues.
Note: Anyone needing to report an emergency, fatality, or imminent life threatening situation, please contact OSHA's toll-free number immediately: 1-800-321-OSHA (6742).
Evaluate the hazards you have identified and mitigate the most hazardous first. Hazards can be assessed both in terms of severity (how bad is the potential outcome) and exposure (how likely is an occurrence). Typically, a combination of these two factors plays into the prioritization of mitigations. For the purpose of the Hazard Identification Training Tool game, details about mitigations and controls are not included or referenced.
Potential Cost Savings and Incident Cost numbers used in this game are based on the information in OSHA's $afety Pays etool.
Direct injury costs include:
Indirect injury costs include:
Additional real-world injury costs not used in this hazard identification product include:
OSHA's Hazard Identification Training Tool game contains multiple scenarios in which to practice using the hazard identification process outlined above. Below are descriptions and explanations for each currently available scenario. Additionally, OSHA resources specific to each scenario can be found below.
"You are the head of Amalgamated Polyscientific Enterprises International, a company that manufactures parts for next-generation hovercrafts..."
The manufacturing scenario is intended to cover an abstracted generic manufacturing process similar to an auto-parts plant. Materials come in through the receiving dock, cycle through storage, shearing, stamping, and finishing before leaving through the shipping dock.
Below are some resources relevant specifically to the Manufacturing Scenario.
Back disorders and injuries
PAINT BOOTH [PDF*]
A Control Matrix For Spray Painting [PDF*]
Criteria for design and construction of spray booths [PDF*]
Control technology for autobody repair and painting...
Spray finishing using flammable and combustible materials
ROLLER, PUNCH PRESS, STAMPING
Lockout/Tagout: Control of Hazardous Energy
Hand Hygiene QuickCard
Personal Protective Equipment
Safeguarding Equipment and Protecting Employees...
Basics of Machine safeguarding
Job Hazard Analysis Guide
Materials handling and storage [PDF*]
Guidelines for employers to reduce motor vehicle crashes [PDF*]
"You are a supervisor working for Four Twelve Construction, a general contractor. You are overseeing the construction of a convenience store..."
The construction scenario is intended to cover an abstracted generic construction process for small commercial buildings similar to a convenience store. Activities proceed from start to finish, and the environment is quite dynamic.
Below are some resources relevant specifically to the Construction Scenario.
Backhoe Operator: Best Practices [PDF*]
Dozer Operator: Best Practices [PDF*]
Sewer Gas- H2S Fact Sheet [PDF*]
Sewer Gas- H2S Quick card [PDF*]
Trench Safety [PDF*]
Trenching Fact Sheet [PDF*]
Trenching Poster [PDF*]
Construction Hazard Prevention Video Tools
Construction Noise [PDF*]
Construction Pocket Guide [PDF*]
Construction Quick Card
Construction Top 4 Hazards Quick Card [PDF*]
Construction Industry Outreach
Training Materials by Topic or Language
First Aide: Best Practice Guide [PDF*]
"You are the head of Sacred Heart Hospital, a mid-sized ER operating in the middle of the suburbs. Your goal is to keep the ER's budget high and ensure that your workers remain safe from day to day..."
The healthcare scenario is intended to cover the general operations of an emergency department in a small to mid-size hospital. Patients come in through the Waiting Area or the Ambulance Entrance and are seen in Triage. They are then moved to Trauma, Treatment or Isolation Rooms.
Below are some resources relevant specifically to the Healthcare Scenario.
OSHA Occupational Chemical Database
Protecting Workers Who Use Cleaning Chemicals [PDF*]
Cleaning Chemicals and Your Health [PDF*]
Guideline for Disinfection and Sterilization in Healthcare Facilities, 2008
Computer Workstations eTool
Working Safely with Video Display Terminals
Easy Ergonomics For Desktop Computer Users [PDF*]
Workstation Adjustments For Comfort and Safety [PDF*]
Video Display Terminal Guidelines[PDF*]
Ergonomics at Work
Evaluating your computer workstation [PDF*]
Computer Keyboards & Video Display Terminals
Beyond Getting Started*
Patient Handling and Movement Assessments [PDF*]
A Back Injury Prevention Guide [PDF*]
Safe Patient Handling and Movement
Safe Patient Handling Training for Schools of Nursing [PDF*]
Safe Patient Handling and Movement Principles
Ergonomics at Work
Safe Patient Handling
Handle with Care [PDF*]
Solutions to Control Hazards
Carpal tunnel syndrome
Laundry: Lifting/Pushing Hazards
Ergonomic Interventions by Industry
GENERAL HEALTH CARE RESOURCES
Guidelines for Environmental Infection Control in Health-Care Facilities
Worker Safety in Hospitals
Guidelines for Protecting the Safety and Health of Health Care Workers
Nursing Homes and Personal Care Facilities
Grant Materials: Health Care
Improving Patient and Worker Safety [PDF*]
CDC - Handwashing: Clean Hands Save Lives
CDC - Hand Hygiene in Healthcare Settings
CDC - Healthcare Workers
NEEDLE STICK PREVENTION
Potential for Sensitization and Possible Allergic Reaction To Natural Rubber Latex Gloves and other Natural Rubber Products
Latex Allergy A Prevention Guide
Latex Allergy: A Guide to Prevention
Personal Protective Equipment
(Lack of) Personal Protective Equipment
CDC - PPE
Eye Protection for Infection Control
Respiratory Protection for Healthcare Workers Training Video
Recommendations for the Selection and Use of Respirators and Protective Clothing for Protection Against Biological Agents
Respirator Cleaning Procedures (Mandatory)
SLIPS, TRIPS, AND FALLS
Hazard of Laser Surgery Smoke
Control of Smoke From Laser/Electric Surgical Procedures
Laser Plume in Surgical Procedures
Waste Anesthetic Gases
Radiological Worker Training Guide
Ionizing Radiation and Diagnostic Examinations
Occupational Exposure to Antineoplastic Agents
Work precautions for handling hazardous drugs highlighted by NIOSH, OSHA, Joint Commission
NIOSH List of Antineoplastic and Other Hazardous Drugs in Healthcare Settings 2012 [PDF*]
Hazardous Drug Exposures in Health Care
Compressed Gas Safety Guide
Compressed Gas Safety General Safety Guidelines [PDF*]
Hospital Investigations: Health Hazards
Emergency Washing Facilities
Healthcare Wide Hazards: Fire
*Accessibility Assistance Contact OSHA's Office of Communications at 202-693-1999 for assistance accessing PDF and PPT documents.