Synonyms: Elemental zinc, Zinc dust, Zinc powder
OSHA IMIS code: Z100
CAS number(s): 7440-66-6
Monitoring Methods used by OSHA
Laboratory Sampling/Analytical Method:
- mixed cellulose ester filter (MCEF) 0.8 micron
- maximum volume: 960 L
- minimum volume: 480 L
- maximum flow rate: 2.0 L/min
- current analytical method: atomic absorption spectroscopy; AAS
- method reference: OSHA ID-121 (fully validated)
- sampling analytical error: 0.14
- alternate analytical method: inductively coupled argon plasma; ICP/DCP-AES
- method reference: OSHA ID-125G (fully validated)
- sampling analytical error: 0.12
Exposure Limits and Health Effects (Updated September 6, 2012)
|Standard Set By||Exposure Limit||Health Effect Codes -- Health Effects and Target Organs|
|OSHA PEL||Not established|
|NIOSH REL||Not established|
|ACGIH TLV®||Not established|
|CAL/OSHA PELs||Not established|
- NTP: Not listed
- IARC: Not listed
- EPA: Not classifiable as to human carcinogenicity
EPA Inhalation Reference Concentration (RfC): Not established
ATSDR Inhalation Minimal Risk Levels (MRLs): Not established
NIOSH IDLH concentration: Not established
Notes on other potential health effects and hazards:
- Zinc powder is highly flammable, and many reactions may cause fire or explosion (NIOSH/IPCS 1994).
- Metal fume fever may be the result of inhalation of zinc dust or zinc fumes (ATSDR 2005). Victims of metal fume fever may present with nausea and vomiting, chills and fever, muscular aches and pains, and weakness (Gossel and Bricker 1994).
- High levels of zinc in the body may result in a copper deficiency (ATSDR 2005).
- Zinc may cause dermatitis following prolonged skin exposure (NIOSH/IPCS 1994).
Partial reference list:
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