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Zinc

General Description

Synonyms:  Elemental zinc, Zinc dust, Zinc powder

OSHA IMIS code: Z100

CAS number(s): 7440-66-6

Exposure Limits and Health Effects (Updated September 6, 2012)

Standard Set By Exposure Limit Health Effect Codes -- Health Effects and Target Organs
OSHA PEL Not established
 
NIOSH REL Not established  
ACGIH TLV® Not established  
CAL/OSHA PELs Not established
 

Carcinogenic classification:

EPA Inhalation Reference Concentration (RfC): Not established

ATSDR Inhalation Minimal Risk Levels (MRLs): Not established

NIOSH IDLH concentration: Not established

Notes on other potential health effects and hazards:

  1. Zinc powder is highly flammable, and many reactions may cause fire or explosion (NIOSH/IPCS 1994).
  2. Metal fume fever may be the result of inhalation of zinc dust or zinc fumes (ATSDR 2005). Victims of metal fume fever may present with nausea and vomiting, chills and fever, muscular aches and pains, and weakness (Gossel and Bricker 1994).
  3. High levels of zinc in the body may result in a copper deficiency (ATSDR 2005).
  4. Zinc may cause dermatitis following prolonged skin exposure (NIOSH/IPCS 1994).

Partial reference list:

  • ATSDR: Toxicological Profile for Zinc. 2005.
  • Gossel, T.A. and J.D. Bricker: Principles of Clinical Toxicology. 3rd ed. New York, NY: Raven Press, Ltd., p. 202, 1994.
  • NIOSH/CEC/IPCS: International Chemical Safety CardsZinc. October 1994.

Chemical Sampling Information

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