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Chemical Sampling Information (CSI)
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General Description

Synonyms: Gumspirits; Spirits of turpentine; Steam distilled turpentine; Gum turpentine; Pinene; Dipentene; Terpene; Terpenes

OSHA IMIS Code Number: 2540

Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) Registry Number: 8006-64-2

NIOSH Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances (RTECS) Identification Number: YO8400000; 85323

Chemical Description and Physical Properties:

    Colorless liquid with a characteristic paint odor.

    molecular weight: 136
    boiling point: 302-356°F
    melting point: -58 to -76°F

Incompatibilities: Strong oxidizers, chlorine


Exposure Limits

OSHA Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL):

    General Industry: 100 ppm, 560 mg/m3

    Construction Industry: 100 ppm, 560 mg/m3 TWA

American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Value (TLV): 100 ppm, 556 mg/m3 TWA

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Recommended Exposure Limit (REL): 100 ppm TWA


Health Factors

Potential Symptoms: Eye, nose, throat irritation; headaches, vertigo; hematuria, albuminuria; skin irritation, sensitization

Health Effects: Irritation-Eye, Nose, Throat, Skin---Moderate (HE15) Cumulative kidney damage (HE3); CNS effects (HE7)

Affected Organs: Skin, eyes, kidneys, respiratory system


Monitoring Methods used by OSHA

Laboratory Sampling/Analytical Method:

  • sampling media: Charcoal Tube (100/50 mg sections, 20/40 mesh)
    analytical solvent: Carbon Disulfide
    maximum volume: 10 Liters
    maximum flow rate: 0.2 L/min
    current analytical method: Gas Chromatography; GC/FID
    sampling and analytical error: 0.09
    method reference: 1 (NIOSH 1551)
    method classification: Fully Validated

Secondary Laboratory Sampling/Analytical Method (SAM2):

  • device: Instrumentation
    company: Infrared Spectrophotometer
    part #: MIRAN 1A & 1B
    range: 0.2 ppm @ 3.4 µm
    class: Mfg

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