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Chemical Sampling Information (CSI)
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General Description

Synonyms: Trimethyl benzene; 1,2,3-Trimethylbenzene; 1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene; 1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene; Hemimellitene; Pseudocumene; Mesitylene; Methylxylene

OSHA IMIS Code Number: 2505
(IMIS Name History: Trimethylbenzene ONLY prior to 11/20/06)

Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) Registry Number: 25551-13-7

Related Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) Registry Number: 95-63-6 (1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene); 108-67-8 (1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene); 526-73-8 (1,2,3-Trimethylbenzene)

NIOSH Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances (RTECS) Identification Number: DC3220000, DC3300000 (1,2,3-Trimethylbenzene), DC3325000 (1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene), and OX6825000 (1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene)

Department of Transportation Regulation Number (49 CFR 172.101) and 2012 Emergency Response Guidebook [4 MB PDF, 392 pages]: 2325 129 (1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene)

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - 1,2,3-Trimethylbenzene, 1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene, and 1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene: Physical description, chemical properties, potentially hazardous incompatibilities, and more


Exposure Limits and Health Effects

Exposure Limit

Limit Values

HE Codes

Health Factors and Target Organs

OSHA Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL) - General Industry

Not established

 

 

OSHA PEL - Construction Industry
See 29 CFR 1926.55 Appendix A

25 ppm

(120 mg/m3) TWA

HE7

Central nervous system changes, including nervousness, tension, anxiety

HE9 Asthmatic bronchitis
HE12 Blood changes

OSHA PEL - Shipyard Employment
See 29 CFR 1915.1000 Table Z-Shipyards

25 ppm

(120 mg/m3) TWA

HE7

Central nervous system changes, including nervousness, tension, anxiety

HE9 Asthmatic bronchitis
HE12 Blood changes

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Recommended Exposure Limit (REL)

25 ppm

(125 mg/m3)

HE7

Central nervous system depression

HE11 Respiratory failure
HE15 Skin irritation

American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Value (TLV) (2001)

25 ppm

(123 mg/m3) TWA
HE7

Central nervous system depression

HE9 Asthmatic bronchitis
HE12 Blood dyscrasias
HE15 Eye, nose, and respiratory irritation
CAL/OSHA PEL

25 ppm

(125 mg/m3) TWA

HE7

Central nervous system depression

HE9 Asthmatic bronchitis
HE12 Blood dyscrasias
HE15 Eye, nose, and respiratory irritation

National Toxicology Program (NTP) carcinogenic classification: Not listed

International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC): Not listed

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) carcinogenic classification: Not listed

EPA Inhalation Reference Concentration (RfC): Not established

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) Inhalation Minimal Risk Level (MRL): Not established

Notes on Other Potential Health Effects and Hazards

  1. Explosive vapor/air mixtures may be formed above 44°C (NIOSH/IPCS 2002).
  2. Due to interindividual variation in urinary excretion of single isomers of dimethylhippuric acid (DMHA), it has been suggested that using the sum of DMHA isomer excretion may more closely reflect exposure to trimethylbenzene than monitoring any single isomer in the urine (Järnberg et al. 1997).
  3. Significant body burden accumulation is expected following repeated occupational exposures to trimethylbenzene (Jones et al. 2006).

Date last revised: 09/06/2012

Literature Basis

  • ACGIH: Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) and Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs) - Trimethyl Benzene Isomers. 2001.
  • Järnberg, J., Ståhlbom, B., Johanson, G. and Löf, A.: Urinary excretion of dimethylhippuric acids in humans after exposure to trimethylbenzenes. Int. Arch. Occup. Environ. Health 69(6): 491-497, 1997.
  • Jones, K., Meldrum, M., Baird, E., Cottrell, S., Kaur, P., Plant, N., Dyne, D., Cocker, J.: Biological monitoring for trimethylbenzene exposure - a human volunteer study and a practical example in the workplace. The Annals of Occupational Hygiene. 50 (6): 593-598, 2006.
  • NIOSH: Recommendations for Occupational Safety and Health - Compendium of Policy Documents and Statements. January 1992.
  • NIOSH/IPCS: International Chemical Safety Cards - Trimethyl Benzene (Mixed Isomers). June 3, 2002.
Monitoring Methods used by OSHA

Laboratory Sampling/Analytical Method:
  • sampling media: Charcoal Tube (100/50 mg sections, 20/40 mesh)
    analytical solvent:
    Carbon Disulfide
    maximum volume:
    10 Liters   
    maximum flow rate:
    0.1 L/min
    current analytical method:
    Gas Chromatography; GC/FID
    method reference:
    OSHA Analytical Method (OSHA PV2091)
    method classification:
    Partially Validated

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