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Chemical Sampling Information (CSI)
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General Description

Synonyms: Tributyltin Fluoride; Dibutyltin Dilaurate; Tributyltin Benzoate; Dibutyltin Maleate; Stannous-2-Ethyl Hexanoate; Butyltin Trichloride; Bis(Tributyltin) Oxide; Triphenyltin Hydroxide; Methyltin Mercaptide; Tetramethyl Tin; Other synonyms vary depending upon the specific organotin compound

OSHA IMIS Code Number: 2431

Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) Registry Number: 56-35-9 (Bis(Tributyltin) Oxide); 76-87-9 (Triphenyltin Hydroxide); 77-58-7 (Dibutyltin Dilaurate); 78-04-6 (Dibutyltin Maleate); 301-10-0 (Stannous-2-Ethyl Hexanoate); 594-27-4 (Tetramethyl Tin) 1118-46-3 (Butyltin Trichloride); 1983-10-4 (Tributyltin Fluoride); 4342-36-3 (Tributyltin Benzoate)

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards, Tin (organic compounds, as Sn): chemical description, physical properties, potentially hazardous incompatibilities, and more

Exposure Limits

OSHA Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL):

General Industry: 29 CFR 1910.1000 Z-1 Table -- 0.1 mg/m3 TWA

Construction Industry: 29 CFR 1926.55 Appendix A -- 0.1 mg/m3 TWA

Maritime: 29 CFR 1915.1000 Table Z-Shipyards -- 0.1 mg/m3 TWA

American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Value (TLV): 0.1 mg/m3 TWA; 0.2 mg/m3 STEL; Skin; Appendix A4 - Not Classifiable as a Human Carcinogen

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Recommended Exposure Limit (REL): 0.1 mg/m3 TWA; Skin; Note: The REL applies to all organic tin compounds except Cyhexatin.

Health Factors

Potential Symptoms: Varies depending on the specific compound, may include - headaches, vertigo; eye irritation; psycho-neurological disturbance; sore throat, coughing; abdominal pain, vomiting; urine retention; paresis; focal anesthesia; skin burns; pruritis; In animals: hemolysis; hepatic necrosis

Health Effects: Irritation-Eye, Nose, Throat, Skin---Moderate (HE15); Cumulative systemic toxicity (HE3); CNS effects (HE7)

Affected Organs: CNS, eyes, liver, urinary tract, skin, blood

Monitoring Methods used by OSHA

Primary Laboratory Sampling/Analytical Method (SLC1):

  • TRIBUTYLTIN FLUORIDE (1983-10-4)
    sampling media: Low Ash Polyvinyl Chloride (LAPVC) Filter 0.5 microns
    analytical solvent: 1-Propanol extraction
    maximum volume: 960 Liters
    minimum volume: 200 Liters
    maximum flow rate: 2.0 L/min
    current analytical method: Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy; AAS/GF
    method reference: OSHA (In-House File)
    method classification: Not Validated
    note: Submit as separate samples for each compound. Call the Salt Lake Technical Center when organo-tins are to be sampled.

  • DIBUTYLTIN DILAURATE (77-58-7)
    sampling media: Mixed Cellulose Ester Filter (MCEF) 0.5 microns
    analytical solvent: Toluene extraction
    maximum volume: 960 Liters
    minimum volume: 200 Liters
    maximum flow rate: 2.0 L/min
    current analytical method: Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy; AAS/GF
    method reference: OSHA (In-House File)
    method classification: Not Validated
    note: Submit as separate samples for each compound. Call the Salt Lake Technical Center when organo-tins are to be sampled.

  • TRIBUTYLTIN BENZOATE (4342-36-3)
    sampling media: Low Ash Polyvinyl Chloride (LAPVC) Filter 0.5 microns
    analytical solvent: n-Propanol extraction
    maximum volume: 960 Liters
    minimum volume: 200 Liters
    maximum flow rate: 2.0 L/min
    current analytical method: Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy; AAS/GF
    method reference: OSHA (In-House File)
    method classification: Not Validated
    note: Submit as separate samples for each compound. Call the Salt Lake Technical Center when organo-tins are to be sampled.

  • METHYLTIN MERCAPTIDE
    sampling media: OSHA Versatile Sampler (OVS-2) - 13 mm XAD-2 Tube (270/140 mg sections, 20/60 mesh) with Glass Fiber Filter enclosed
    maximum volume: 480 Liters
    minimum volume: 100 Liters
    maximum flow rate: 1.0 L/min
    current analytical method: Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy; AAS/GF
    method reference: OSHA (In-House File)
    method classification: Not Validated
    note: Submit as separate samples for each compound. Call the Salt Lake Technical Center when organo-tins are to be sampled.

  • STANNOUS-2-ETHYL HEXANOATE (301-10-0)
    sampling media: OSHA Versatile Sampler (OVS-2) - 13 mm XAD-2 Tube (270/140 mg sections, 20/60 mesh) with Glass Fiber Filter enclosed
    maximum volume: 480 Liters
    minimum volume: 100 Liters
    maximum flow rate: 1.0 L/min
    current analytical method: Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy; AAS/GF (Digestion with aqua regia)
    method reference: OSHA (In-House File)
    method classification: Not Validated
    note: Submit as separate samples for each compound. Call the Salt Lake Technical Center when organo-tins are to be sampled.

  • BUTYLTIN TRICHLORIDE (1118-46-3)
    sampling media: OSHA Versatile Sampler (OVS-2) - 13 mm XAD-2 Tube (270/140 mg sections, 20/60 mesh) with Glass Fiber Filter enclosed
    analytical solvent: Toluene/Acetic Acid extraction
    maximum volume: 480 Liters
    minimum volume: 100 Liters
    maximum flow rate: 1.0 L/min
    current analytical method: Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy; AAS/GF
    method reference: OSHA (In-House File)
    method classification: Not Validated
    note: Submit as separate samples for each compound. Call the Salt Lake Technical Center when organo-tins are to be sampled.

  • Bis-(TRIBUTYLTIN) OXIDE (56-35-9)
    sampling media: Glass Fiber Filter
    analytical solvent: n-Propanol extraction
    maximum volume: 960 Liters
    minimum volume: 200 Liters
    maximum flow rate: 2.0 L/min
    current analytical method: Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy; AAS/GF
    method reference: OSHA (In-House File)
    method classification: Not Validated
    note: Submit as separate samples for each compound. Call the Salt Lake Technical Center when organo-tins are to be sampled.

  • DIBUTYLTIN MALEATE (78-04-6)
    sampling media: Mixed Cellulose Ester Filter (MCEF) 0.8 microns
    maximum volume: 960 Liters
    minimum volume: 200 Liters
    maximum flow rate: 2.0 L/min
    current analytical method: Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy; AAS/GF
    method reference: OSHA (In-House File)
    method classification: Not Validated
    note: Submit as separate samples for each compound. Call the Salt Lake Technical Center when organo-tins are to be sampled.

  • TRIPHENYLTIN HYDROXIDE (76-87-9)
    sampling media: Glass Fiber Filter
    analytical solvent: Ethanol/Ammonium Hydroxide extraction
    maximum volume: 960 Liters
    minimum volume: 200 Liters
    maximum flow rate: 2.0 L/min
    current analytical method: Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy; AAS/GF
    method reference: OSHA (In-House File)
    method classification: Not Validated
    note: Submit as separate samples for each compound. Call the Salt Lake Technical Center when organo-tins are to be sampled.

  • TETRAMETHYL TIN (594-27-4)
    sampling media: Charcoal Tube (100/50 mg sections, 20/40 mesh)
    analytical solvent: Carbon Disulfide
    maximum volume: 20 Liters
    maximum flow rate: 0.2 L/min
    current analytical method: Gas Chromatography; GC/FID
    method reference: OSHA (In-House File)
    method classification: Partially Validated

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