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Chemical Sampling Information (CSI)
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General Description

Synonyms: Saccarose; Table Sugar

OSHA IMIS Code Number: S130

Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) Registry Number: 57-50-1

NIOSH Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances (RTECS) Identification Number: WN6500000

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards, Sucrose: chemical description, physical properties, potentially hazardous incompatibilities, and more

Exposure Limits

OSHA Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL):

General Industry: 29 CFR 1910.1000 Table Z-1 - 5 mg/m3 TWA

Maritime: 29 CFR 1915.1000 Table Z-Shipyards - 5 mg/m3 TWA

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Recommended Exposure Limit (REL): 5 mg/m3 TWA

Health Factors

Potential Symptoms: Irritation of eyes, skin, upper respiratory system, cough

Health Effects: Irritation,-Eyes, Nose, Throat, Skin---Mild (HE16)

Affected Organs: Eyes, respiratory system

Notes:

  1. Repeated or prolonged contact with skin may cause dermatitis.
  2. Fine airborne sucrose dust may explode. Sucrose also has been used in illegal bombmaking.
  3. Respiratory symptoms unrelated to sucrose have also been reported in sugar beet refinery employees.

Literature Basis:

  • NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards: Sucrose.
  • International Chemical Safety Cards (WHO/IPCS/ILO): Sucrose.
  • Bangha, E. and Elsner, P.: Skin problems in sugar artists. Br. J. Dermatol. 135(5): 772-774, 1996.
  • Bohadana, A.B., Massin, N., Wild, P. and Berthiot, G.: Airflow obstruction in chalkpowder and sugar workers. Int. Arch. Occup. Environ. Med. 68(4): 243-248, 1996.
  • Forster, H.W., Crook, B., Platts, B.W., Lacey, J. and Topping, M.D.: Investigation of organic aerosols generated during sugar beet slicing. Am. Ind. Hyg. Assoc. J. 50(1): 44-50, 1992.
  • Jensen, P.S., Todd, W.F., Hart, M.E., Mickelsen, R.L. and O'Brien D.M.: Evaluation and control of worker exposure to fungi in a beet sugar refinery. Am. Ind. Hyg. Assoc. J. 54(12): 742-748, 1993.
  • Pohanish, R.P. (editor): Sucrose. In, Sittig's Handbook of Toxic and Hazardous Chemicals and Carcinogens, Fourth Ed., Vol. 2. Norwich, NY: Noyes Publications, William Andrew Publishing, 2002, pp. 2106-2107.
  • Rosenman, K.D. Hart, M. and Ownby, D.R.: Occupational asthma in a beet sugar processing plant. Chest 101(6): 1720-1722, 1992.
  • Rothschild, M.A. and Maxeiner, H.: Death caused by a letter bomb. Int. J. Legal Med. 114(1-2): 103-106, 2000.

Date Last Revised: 11/01/2004

Monitoring Methods used by OSHA

Primary Laboratory Sampling/Analytical Method (SLC1):

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