Synonyms: Antimony hydride; Hydrogen antimonide; Antimony trihydride
OSHA IMIS Code Number: 2267
Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) Registry Number: 7803-52-3
NIOSH Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances (RTECS) Identification Number: WJ0700000
Department of Transportation Regulation Number (49 CFR 172.101) and Guide: 2676 119
NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards, Stibine: chemical description, physical properties, potentially hazardous incompatibilities, and more
OSHA Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL):
General Industry: 29 CFR 1910.1000 Table Z-1 - 0.1 ppm, 0.5 mg/m3 TWA
Construction Industry: 29 CFR 1926.55 Appendix A - 0.1 ppm, 0.5 mg/m3 TWA
Maritime: 29 CFR 1915.1000 Table Z-Shipyards - 0.1 ppm, 0.5 mg/m3 TWA
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Value (TLV): 0.1 ppm, 0.51 mg/m3 TWA (TLV listed under Antimony hydride)
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Recommended Exposure Limit (REL): 0.1 ppm, 0.5 mg/m3 TWA
NIOSH Immediately Dangerous To Life or Health Concentration (IDLH): 5 ppm
Potential Symptoms: Headache; lassitude (weakness, exhaustion); nausea, abdominal pain; lumbar pain; hematuria; hemolytic anemia; jaundice; pulmonary irritation, cough, sore throat, wheezing, pulmonary edema (may be delayed); weak and irregular pulse
Health Effects: Acute systemic toxicity---Hemolysis (HE4); Pulmonary edema (HE11); Highly flammable, explosion hazard (HE18)
Affected Organs: Blood, liver, kidneys, respiratory system
- Biomonitoring for occupational exposure includes measurement of antimony in urine and blood. The half-life for the renal elimination of trivalent antimony in lead battery workers is approximately 4 days.
- Although an EPA lab recently reported a genotoxic effect of stibine in vitro, it occurred at a minimum concentration four orders of magnitude greater than the OSHA PEL.
- NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards: Stibine.
- International Chemical Safety Cards (WHO/IPCS/ILO): Stibine.
- Andrewes, P., Kitchin, K.T. and Wallace, K.: Plasmid DNA damage caused by stibine and trimethylstibine. Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 194(1): 41-48, 2004.
- Kentner, M., Leinemann, M., Schaller, K.H., Weltle, D. and Lehnert, G: External and internal antimony exposure in starter battery production. Int. Arch. Occup. Environ. Health 67(2): 119-123, 1995.
- Pohanish, R.P. (editor): Stibine. In, Sittig's Handbook of Toxic and Hazardous Chemicals and Carcinogens, Fourth Ed., Vol. 2. Norwich, NY: Noyes Publications, William Andrew Publishing, 2002, pp. 2090-2092.
Date Last Revised: 08/25/2004
Primary Laboratory Sampling/Analytical Method (SLC1):
- sampling media: Coated Silica Gel Tube (1000/500 mg sections, 20/40 mesh); coating is HgCl2 treated
maximum volume: 50 Liters
maximum flow rate: 0.2 L/min
current analytical method: Colorimetric (Rhodamine B)
method reference: NIOSH Analytical Method (NIOSH 6008 [21 KB PDF, 4 pages])
method classification: Fully Validated
alternate analytical method: Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy; AAS/GF
method reference: OSHA Modified NIOSH Analytical Method (NIOSH 6008 [21 KB PDF, 4 pages])
note: When analysis of a compound is requested, an elemental analysis is performed and reported as the compound. Submit as a separate sample.
On-Site Sampling Techniques/Methods:
- device: detector tube
model/type: Arsine 0.05/a Tube, Code CH25001
sampling information: 20 strokes
upper measurement limit: 3 ppm
detection limit: 0.05 ppm
overall uncertainty: unknown
method reference: on-site air secondary (manufacturer)
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