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Chemical Sampling Information (CSI)
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General Description

Synonyms: Antimony hydride; Hydrogen antimonide; Antimony trihydride

OSHA IMIS Code Number: 2267

Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) Registry Number: 7803-52-3

NIOSH Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances (RTECS) Identification Number: WJ0700000

Department of Transportation Regulation Number (49 CFR 172.101) and Guide: 2676 119

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards, Stibine: chemical description, physical properties, potentially hazardous incompatibilities, and more

Exposure Limits

OSHA Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL):

General Industry: 29 CFR 1910.1000 Table Z-1 - 0.1 ppm, 0.5 mg/m3 TWA

Construction Industry: 29 CFR 1926.55 Appendix A - 0.1 ppm, 0.5 mg/m3 TWA

Maritime: 29 CFR 1915.1000 Table Z-Shipyards - 0.1 ppm, 0.5 mg/m3 TWA

American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Value (TLV): 0.1 ppm, 0.51 mg/m3 TWA (TLV listed under Antimony hydride)

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Recommended Exposure Limit (REL): 0.1 ppm, 0.5 mg/m3 TWA

Health Factors

NIOSH Immediately Dangerous To Life or Health Concentration (IDLH): 5 ppm

Potential Symptoms: Headache; lassitude (weakness, exhaustion); nausea, abdominal pain; lumbar pain; hematuria; hemolytic anemia; jaundice; pulmonary irritation, cough, sore throat, wheezing, pulmonary edema (may be delayed); weak and irregular pulse

Health Effects: Acute systemic toxicity---Hemolysis (HE4); Pulmonary edema (HE11); Highly flammable, explosion hazard (HE18)

Affected Organs: Blood, liver, kidneys, respiratory system


  1. Biomonitoring for occupational exposure includes measurement of antimony in urine and blood. The half-life for the renal elimination of trivalent antimony in lead battery workers is approximately 4 days.
  2. Although an EPA lab recently reported a genotoxic effect of stibine in vitro, it occurred at a minimum concentration four orders of magnitude greater than the OSHA PEL.

Literature Basis:

  • NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards: Stibine.
  • International Chemical Safety Cards (WHO/IPCS/ILO): Stibine.
  • Andrewes, P., Kitchin, K.T. and Wallace, K.: Plasmid DNA damage caused by stibine and trimethylstibine. Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 194(1): 41-48, 2004.
  • Kentner, M., Leinemann, M., Schaller, K.H., Weltle, D. and Lehnert, G: External and internal antimony exposure in starter battery production. Int. Arch. Occup. Environ. Health 67(2): 119-123, 1995.
  • Pohanish, R.P. (editor): Stibine. In, Sittig's Handbook of Toxic and Hazardous Chemicals and Carcinogens, Fourth Ed., Vol. 2. Norwich, NY: Noyes Publications, William Andrew Publishing, 2002, pp. 2090-2092.

Date Last Revised: 08/25/2004

Monitoring Methods used by OSHA

Primary Laboratory Sampling/Analytical Method (SLC1):

  • sampling media: Coated Silica Gel Tube (1000/500 mg sections, 20/40 mesh); coating is HgCl2 treated
    maximum volume: 50 Liters
    maximum flow rate: 0.2 L/min
    current analytical method: Colorimetric (Rhodamine B)
    method reference: NIOSH Analytical Method (NIOSH 6008 [21 KB PDF, 4 pages])
    method classification: Fully Validated
    alternate analytical method: Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy; AAS/GF
    method reference: OSHA Modified NIOSH Analytical Method (NIOSH 6008 [21 KB PDF, 4 pages])
    note: When analysis of a compound is requested, an elemental analysis is performed and reported as the compound. Submit as a separate sample.

On-Site Sampling Techniques/Methods:

  • device: detector tube
    manufacturer: Dräger
    model/type: Arsine 0.05/a Tube, Code CH25001
    sampling information: 20 strokes
    upper measurement limit: 3 ppm
    detection limit: 0.05 ppm
    overall uncertainty: unknown
    method reference: on-site air secondary (manufacturer)

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