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Chemical Sampling Information (CSI)
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General Description

Synonyms: Pentachlorophosphorus, Phosphoric chloride, Phosphorus perchloride

OSHA IMIS Code Number: 2091

Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) Registry Number: 10026-13-8

NIOSH Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances (RTECS) Identification Number: TB6125000

Department of Transportation Regulation Number (49 CFR 172.101) and Guide: 1806 137

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards, Phosphorus Pentachloride: chemical description, physical properties, potentially hazardous incompatibilities, and more

Chemical Description and Physical Properties:

white to pale yellow, fuming deliquescent solid; odor like hydrochloric acid
melting point: 148°C under pressure; sublimes at 100°C without melting at atmospheric pressure

Incompatibilities: Water; magnesium oxide; chemically active metals: sodium, potassium; alkalies

Exposure Limits

OSHA Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL):

General Industry: 1 mg/m3

Construction Industry: 1 mg/m3 TWA

American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Value (TLV): 0.1 ppm, 0.85 mg/m3 TWA

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Recommended Exposure Limit (REL): 1 mg/m3 TWA

Health Factors

Potential Symptoms: Irritation eyes, respiratory system; bronchitis; dermatitis

Health Effects: Irritation-Eye, Nose, Throat, Skin---Marked (HE14) Bronchitis (HE10); Lung edema (HE11)

Affected Organs: Respiratory system, eyes, skin

Monitoring Methods used by OSHA

Primary Laboratory Sampling/Analytical Method (SLC1):

  • sampling media: Low Ash Polyvinyl Chloride (LAPVC) filter 5 microns in series with Midget Fritted Glass Bubbler (MFGB) containing 15 mL Deionized Water
    maximum volume: 48 Liters
    maximum flow rate: 0.2 L/min
    current analytical method: Colorimetric
    method reference: 1 (NIOSH S-257)
    method classification: Fully Validated
    note: Submit as a separate sample. Air being sampled should not pass through any hose or tubing before entering filter holder. Use a stainless steel screen backup pad in the filter cassette instead of a cellulose membrane.

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