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Chemical Sampling Information (CSI)
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General Description

Synonyms: Coal Oil; Fuel Oil No. 1; Range oil [Note: A refined petroleum solvent (predominantly C9-C16), which typically is 25% normal paraffins, 11% branched paraffins, 30% monocycloparaffins, 12% dicycloparaffins, 1% tricycloparaffins, 16% mononuclear aromatics & 5% dinuclear aromatics.]

OSHA IMIS Code Number: K107

Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) Registry Number: 8008-20-6

NIOSH Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances (RTECS) Identification Number: OA5500000

Department of Transportation Regulation Number (49 CFR 172.101) and Guide: 1223 128

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards, Kerosene: chemical description, physical properties, potentially hazardous incompatibilities, and more

Exposure Limits

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Recommended Exposure Limit (REL): 100 mg/m3 TWA

Health Factors

Potential Symptoms: Eye, skin, nose, throat irritation; cough, burning sensation in chest; headache; nausea, lassitude, restlessness; poor coordination, confusion, drowsiness, unconsciousness; dermatitis; vomiting, diarrhea; chemical pneumonitis, fire eater's pneumonia (from aspiration)

Health Effects: Irritation-Eyes, Nose, Throat, Skin---Mild (HE16); CNS effects (HE7); Flammable (HE18)

Affected Organs: CNS, eyes, skin, respiratory system

Notes:

  1. Tumorigenic effects from dermal exposure in mice appear to be secondary to chronic skin irritation and damage, rather than to gene toxicity.

Literature Basis:

  • NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards: Kerosene.
  • International Chemical Safety Cards (WHO/IPCS/ILO): Kerosene.
  • Franquet, T., Gomez-Santos, D., Gimenez, A., Torrubia, S. and Monill, J.M.: Fire eater's pneumonia: radiographic and CT findings. J. Comput. Assist. Tomogr. 24(3): 448-450, 2000.
  • Koschier, F.J.: Toxicity of middle distillates from dermal exposure. Drug Chem. Toxicol. 22(1): 155-164, 1999.
  • Nessel, C.S.: A comprehensive evaluation of the carcinogenic potential of middle distillate fuels. Drug Chem. Toxicol. 22(1): 165-180, 1999.

Date Last Revised: 11/14/2003

Monitoring Methods used by OSHA

Primary Laboratory Sampling/Analytical Method (SLC1):

  • sampling media: Charcoal tube (100/50 mg sections, 20/40 mesh)
    analytical solvent: (99:1) Carbon Disulfide: Dimethylformamide
    maximum volume: 20 Liters
    maximum flow rate: 0.1 L/min
    current analytical method: Gas Chromatography; GC/FID
    method reference: OSHA Analytical Method (OSHA PV2139)
    method classification: Partially Validated

  • sampling media: Charcoal tube (100/50 mg sections, 20/40 mesh)
    analytical solvent: Carbon Disulfide
    alternate analytical solvent: (99:1) Carbon Disulfide/Dimethylformamide
    maximum volume: 20 Liters
    maximum flow rate: 0.2 L/min
    current analytical method: Gas Chromatography; GC/FID
    method reference: NIOSH Manual of Analytical Methods (NIOSH 1550 [26 KB PDF, 6 pages])
    method classification: Fully Validated

On-Site Sampling Techniques/Methods:

  • device: Detector Tube
    manufacturer: AUER/MSA
    model/type: BNZ-Test, MSA P/N 804409, AUER P/N 5085-807
    sampling information: follow manufacturer's instructions
    upper measurement limit: warning marks
    detection limit: unknown
    overall uncertainty: unknown
    method reference: on-site air secondary (manufacturer)

  • device: Detector Tube
    manufacturer: AUER/MSA
    model/type: QL, MSA P/N 497665, AUER P/N 5085-810
    sampling information: follow manufacturer's instructions
    upper measurement limit: qualitative
    detection limit: unknown
    overall uncertainty: unknown
    method reference: on-site air secondary (manufacturer)

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