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Chemical Sampling Information (CSI)
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General Description

Synonyms: JP8; JP-8; AVTUR; MIL-DTL-83133; NATO F-34

OSHA IMIS Code Number: J108

Chemical Description and Physical Properties:

a mixture of aliphatic, aromatic and substituted naphthalene hydrocarbon compounds

Health Factors

Potential Symptoms: Skin irritation (itching, burning, redness, rash); dermatitis; headache, fatigue, anorexia; dizziness, difficulty concentrating; poor coordination. INGES ACUTE: Vomiting, diarrhea, cramps; drowsiness, restlessness, irritability, loss of consciousness; death; pneumonitis (from aspiration)

Health Effects: Irritation-Skin---Mild (HE16); CNS effects (HE7); Flammable (HE18)

Affected Organs: CNS, skin, respiratory system

Notes:

  1. JP8 is a kerosene-based fuel used in military jets (USAF, NATO, Japanese Self-Defense Forces), tanks and other fighting vehicles, and portable heaters. It contains benzene, toluene, xylenes and naphthalene, as well as additives (e.g., diethylene glycol monomethyl ether or ethylene glycol monomethyl ether).

Literature Basis:

  • Risher, J., Bittner, P.M. and Rhodes, S.: Toxicological Profile for Jet Fuels (JP-5 and JP-8). Atlanta, GA: Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Centers for Disease Control, 1998, 167 pp.
  • Ritchie, G.D., Still, K.R., Rossi, J. III, Bekkedal, M. Y.-V., Bobb A.J. and Arfsten, D.P.: Biological and health effects of exposure to kerosene-based jet fuels and performance additives. J. Toxicol. Environ. Health B Crit. Rev. 6(4): 357-451, 2003.
  • (air monitoring)
    Carlton, G.N. and Smith, L.B.: Exposures to jet fuel and benzene during aircraft fuel tank repair in the U.S. Air Force. App. Occup. Environ. Hyg. 15(6): 485-491, 2000.
  • (naphthalene as marker of exposure)
    Rhodes, A. G., LeMasters G.K., Lockey, J.E., Smith, J.W., Yiin, J.H., Egeghy, P. and Gibson, R.: The effects of jet fuel on immune cells of fuel system maintenance workers. JOEM 45(1): 79-86, 2003.

Date Last Revised: 11/18/2003

Monitoring Methods used by OSHA

Primary Laboratory Sampling/Analytical Method (SLC1):

  • sampling media: Charcoal Tube (100/50 mg sections, 20/40 mesh)
    analytical solvent: Carbon Disulfide
    alternate analytical solvent: (99:1) Carbon Disulfide/Dimethylformamide
    maximum volume: 3 Liters
    maximum flow rate: 0.2 L/min
    current analytical method: Gas Chromatography; GC/FID
    method reference: OSHA Salt Lake Technical Center In-House File
    method classification: Not Validated

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