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Chemical Sampling Information (CSI)
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General Description

Synonyms: Acetylene dichloride; cis-Acetylene dichloride; Dioform; trans-Acetylene dichloride; sym-Dichloroethylene; Dichloroethylene

OSHA IMIS Code Number: 0870

Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) Registry Number: 540-59-0

NIOSH Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances (RTECS) Identification Number: KV9360000

Department of Transportation Regulation Number (49 CFR 172.101) and Guide: 1150 130P

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards, 1,2-Dichloroethylene: chemical description, physical properties, potentially hazardous incompatibilities, and more


Exposure Limits

OSHA Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL):
General Industry: 29 CFR 1910.1000 Z-1 Table - 200 ppm, 790 mg/m3 TWA

Construction Industry: 29 CFR 1915.1000 Table Z - Shipyards - 200 ppm, 790 mg/m3 TWA
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Value (TLV): 200 ppm, 793 mg/m3 TWA

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Recommended Exposure Limit (REL): 200 ppm, 790 mg/m3 TWA


Health Factors

NIOSH Immediately Dangerous To Life or Health Concentration (IDLH): 1000 ppm

Potential Symptoms: Eye, respiratory system irritation; CNS depression, light- headedness, dizziness, euphoria, nausea, vomiting, weakness, tremor, epigastric cramps; dermatitis.

Health Effects: Narcosis (HE8) CNS effects (HE7); Skin irritation (HE16)

Affected Organs: Respiratory system, eyes, CNS

Literature Basis:

  • (light-headedness, dizziness, euphoria, nausea, vomiting, weakness, tremor, epigastric cramps; dermatitis)
    Krentz, D.M., Mailey, L.A.: Dichloroethylene, 1,2-. In: Encyclopedia of Toxicology, Vol. 1, Wexler, P., ed. New York: Academic Press, pp. 465-467, 1998.
  • (dermatitis/ transient renal effects)
    Sitting, M.: 1,2-Dichloroethylene. Handbook of Toxic and Hazardous Chemical and Carcinogens, 3rd Ed., Vol. 1, pp. 570-573, 1991.

Additional Information:

  • Occupational Health Guidelines for Chemical Hazards. US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Publication No. 81-123, (1981, January). Provides a table of contents of guidelines for many hazardous chemicals. The files provide technical chemical information, including chemical and physical properties, health effects, exposure limits, and recommendations for medical monitoring, personal protective equipment (PPE), and control procedures.

Date Last Revised: 11/06/2001

Monitoring Methods used by OSHA

Primary Laboratory Sampling/Analytical Method (SLC1):

  • sampling media: Charcoal Tube (100/50 mg sections, 20/40 mesh)
    analytical solvent: Carbon Disulfide
    maximum volume: 3 Liters
    maximum flow rate: 0.2 L/min
    current analytical method: Gas Chromatography; GC/FID
    method reference: NIOSH Manual of Analytical Methods (NIOSH 1003 [267 KB PDF, 7 pages])
    method classification: Partially Validated
On-Site Sampling Techniques/Methods:
  • device: Detector Tube
    manufacturer: Matheson-Kitagawa
    model/type: 8014-145S
    sampling information: follow manufacturer's instructions
    upper measurement limit: 400 ppm
    detection limit: approximately 1 ppm
    overall uncertainty: unknown
    method reference: on-site air secondary (manufacturer)
  • device: Detector Tube
    manufacturer: Matheson-Kitagawa
    model/type: 8014-180S
    sampling information: follow manufacturer's instructions
    upper measurement limit: 1000 ppm
    detection limit: approximately 2 ppm
    overall uncertainty: unknown
    method reference: on-site air secondary (manufacturer)
  • device: Detector Tube
    manufacturer: AUER/MSA
    model/type: Trichloroethane-5, MSA P/N 487343, AUER P/N 5086-834
    sampling information: follow manufacturer's instructions
    upper measurement limit: 500 ppm
    detection limit: approximately 2 ppm
    overall uncertainty: unknown
    method reference: on-site air secondary (manufacturer)
  • device: Detector Tube
    manufacturer: Gastec
    model/type: 139
    sampling information: 0.5 to 2 strokes
    upper measurement limit: 250 ppm
    detection limit: 1 ppm
    overall uncertainty: 16.4% for 10 to 20 ppm, 8.2% for 20 to 100 ppm
    method reference: on-site air secondary (manufacturer)

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