EPA Inhalation Reference Concentration (RfC): Not established
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) Inhalation Minimal Risk Level (MRL): Not established
NIOSH Immediately Dangerous to Life or Health (IDLH) concentration: Not listed
Notes on Other Potential Health Effects and Hazards
Occupational exposure to asbestos may increase the risk of ovarian and laryngeal cancer (Camargo et al. 2011; Ramroth et al. 2011; Clin et al. 2011; Harding et al. 2009).
Occupational exposure to asbestos may increase the risk of stroke (Harding et al. 2009).
Date Last Revised: 9/6/2012
ACGIH: Documentation of the Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) and Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs) - Asbestos, All Forms. 2001.
Camargo MC, Stayner LT, Straif K, Reina M, Al-Alem U, Demers PA, Landrigan PJ: Occupational exposure to asbestos and ovarian cancer: a meta-analysis. Environ Health Perspect. 119(9):1211-7, September 2011.
Clin B, Morlais F, Launoy G, Guizard AV, Dubois B, Bouvier V, Desoubeaux N, Marquignon MF, Raffaelli C, Paris C, Galateau-Salle F, Guittet L, Letourneux M: Cancer incidence within a cohort occupationally exposed to asbestos: a study of dose-response relationships. Occup Environ Med. 68(11):832-6, November 2011.
Harding AH, Darnton A, Wegerdt J, McElvenny D: Mortality among British asbestos workers undergoing regular medical examinations (1971-2005). Occup Environ Med. 66(7):487-95, July 2009.
NIOSH: Occupational Safety and Health Guideline for Asbestos. 1988.
NIOSH/IPCS: International Chemical Safety Cards - Chrysotile. March 22, 1999.
NIOSH/IPCS: International Chemical Safety Cards - Crocidolite. November 27, 1998.
Ramroth H, Ahrens W, Dietz A, Becher H: Occupational asbestos exposure as a risk factor for laryngeal carcinoma in a population-based case-control study from Germany. Am J Ind Med. 54(7):510-4, July 2011.
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