Vapor/air mixtures of Allyl chloride may be explosive.
The major urinary metabolite, 3-hydroxypropylmercapturic acid, has been studied as a biomarker for occupational exposure to Allyl chloride, and an 8-hour biological exposure index of 352 µg/gram creatinine has been proposed. However, garlic consumption may interfere with an accurate determination of occupational exposure.
This metabolite is not specific for Allyl chloride, as it may also be produced from allyl alcohol, allyl formate (and other allyl esters), allyl nitrate, and acrolein.
Mechanistic studies of neurochemical changes in rats gavaged with Allyl chloride in corn oil (200 mg/kg, 3 times/week for 12 weeks) indicated toxic effects in the CNS as well as in the peripheral nervous system.
EPA Air Toxics Website: Allylchloride. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Technology Transfer Network.
De Rooij, B.M., Boogaard, P.J., Commandeur, J.N., van Sittert, N.J. and Vermeulen, N.P.: Allylmercapturic acid as urinary biomarker of human exposure to Allyl chloride. Occup. Environ. Med. 54(9): 653-661, 1997.
He, F.S. and Zhang, S.L.: Effects of Allyl chloride on occupationally exposed subjects. Scand. J. Work Environ. Health11(Suppl. 4): 43-45, 1985.
Kaye, C.M.: Biosynthesis of mercapturic acids from allyl alcohol, allyl esters and acrolein. Biochem. J.134(4): 1093-1101, 1973.
Pohanish, R.P. (editor): Allyl chloride. In, Sittig’s Handbook of Toxic and Hazardous Chemicals and Carcinogens, Fourth Ed., Vol. 1. Norwich, NY: Noyes Publications, William Andrew Publishing, 2002, pp. 97-100.
Wang, Q.-S., Song, F., Zhao, X., Hou, L.-Y. and Xie, K.-Q.: Expression changes of apoptic-related proteins in nerve tissues of rats treated with Allyl chloride. Toxicology231(1): 58-67, 2007.
All other documents, that are not PDF materials or formatted for the web, are available as Microsoft Office® formats and videos and are noted accordingly. If additional assistance is needed with reading, reviewing or accessing these documents or any figures and illustrations, please also contact OSHA's Directorate of Technical Support and Emergency Management at (202) 693-2300.
**eBooks - EPUB is the most common format for e-Books. If you use a Sony Reader, a Nook, or an iPad you can download the EPUB file format. If you use a Kindle, you can download the MOBI file format.
U.S. Department of Labor | Occupational Safety & Health Administration | 200 Constitution Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20210 Telephone: 800-321-OSHA (6742) | TTY www.OSHA.gov
Thank You for Visiting Our Website
You are exiting the Department of Labor's Web server.
The Department of Labor does not endorse, takes no responsibility for, and exercises no control over the linked organization or its views, or contents, nor does it vouch for the accuracy or accessibility of the information contained on the destination server. The Department of Labor also cannot authorize the use of copyrighted materials contained in linked Web sites. Users must request such authorization from the sponsor of the linked Web site. Thank you for visiting our site. Please click the button below to continue.