<< Back to Chemical Sampling Information

Chemical Sampling Information (CSI)
Search (use word(s)/phrase)
Table of Contents
By Name
A B C D E F G H I J K L M
N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

By CAS Number
Quick Links

General Description

Synonyms: symmetrical Tetrabromoethane; 1,1,2,2-Tetrabromoethane

OSHA IMIS Code Number: 0080

Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) Registry Number: 79-27-6

NIOSH Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances (RTECS) Identification Number: KI8225000

Department of Transportation Regulation Number (49 CFR 172.101) and Guide: 2504 159

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards, Acetylene Tetrabromide: chemical description, physical properties, potentially hazardous incompatibilities, and more

Exposure Limits

OSHA Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL):

General Industry: 29 CFR 1910.1000 Z-1 Table -- 1 ppm, 14 mg/m3 TWA

Construction Industry: 29 CFR 1926.55 Appendix A -- 1 ppm, 14 mg/m3 TWA

Maritime: 29 CFR 1915.1000 Table Z-Shipyards -- 1 ppm, 14 mg/m3 TWA

American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Value (TLV): 1 ppm, 14 mg/m3 TWA

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Recommended Exposure Limit (REL): Appendix D - Substances With No Established RELs

Health Factors

NIOSH Immediately Dangerous To Life or Health Concentration (IDLH): 8 ppm

Potential Symptoms: Eye, skin and respiratory tract irritation; anorexia, nausea; severe headache; abdominal pain; heartburn, dizziness, CNS depression; jaundice, urobilinuria, bilirubinuria; monocytosis.

Health Effects: Cumulative liver and kidney damage (HE3); Cumulative lung damage (HE10); Central nervous system effects (HE7, HE8); Dermatitis; LD50 (oral, rabbit, guinea pig) 400 mg/kg. SKIN ABS.

Affected Organs: Eyes, upper respiratory system, liver, kidney; skin, and brain.

Notes:

  1. Involved in a case report of solvent-induced encephalopathy in a worker after acute exposure.
  2. Induced stomach tumors in mice by repeated skin application.

Literature Basis:

  • (urobilinuria, bilirubinuria, liver irritation, kidney damage)
    Reid, J.B.: Saturated methyl halogenated aliphatic hydrocarbons (Chapter 62). In: Patty's Toxicology, 5th Ed., Vol. 5, Bingham, E., Cohrssen, B., Powell, C.H. eds. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., pp. 185-189, 2001.
  • (encephalopathy)
    Morrow, L.A., Callender, T., Lottenberg, S., Buchsbaum, M.S., Hodgson, M.J., and Robin, N.: PET and neurobehavioral evidence of tetrabromoethane encephalopathy. J. Neuropsychiatry Clin. Neurosci. 2(4) : 431-435, 1990.
  • (stomach tumors in mice)
    Van Duuren, B.L., Goldschmidt, B.M., Loewengart, G., Smith, A.C., Melchionne, S., Seldman, I. and Roth, D.: Carcinogenicity of halogenated olefinic and aliphatic hydrocarbons in mice. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 63(6): 1433-1439, 1979.

Date Last Revised: 08/24/1992

Monitoring Methods used by OSHA

Primary Laboratory Sampling/Analytical Method (SLC1):

  • sampling media: Silica Gel Tube (150/75 mg sections)
    analytical solvent: Tetrahydrofuran
    sampling time: 100 Liters
    maximum flow rate: 1.0 L/min
    current analytical method: Gas Chromatography; GC/FID
    method reference: NIOSH Manual of Analytical Methods (NIOSH 2003) [23 KB PDF, 4 pages].
    method classification: Fully Validated
** All Trademarks are the property of their respective owners.

Accessibility Assistance: Contact the OSHA Directorate of Technical Support and Emergency Management at (202) 693-2300 for assistance accessing PDF materials.