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Decline among homosexual men & HCWs and decline among injecting drug users also identified.
* Provisional date
Mirroring the decline in the general population, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that the annual number of new HBV infections in health care workers has steadily declined from 12,000 in 1985 to 1000 in 1994, due in part to the widespread adoption of universal precautions, vaccination against hepatitis B, and the implementation of OSHA's Bloodborne Pathogens Standard (Moyer & Hodgson, 1996).