Occupational Safety and Health Administration OSHA

Archive Notice - OSHA Archive

NOTICE: This is an OSHA Archive Document, and no longer represents OSHA Policy. It is presented here as historical content, for research and review purposes only.

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The presence of a quality assurance and quality control (QA/QC) program in the laboratory is an indication of the laboratory's commitment to producing acceptable results.

The program should be contained in a written document that is available for examination. When examining a QA/QC program the following items should be considered:
  • Is it fully documented?
  • Does it address specific aspects of silica analysis?
  • Does it require the use of control charts?
  • Does it require internal peer review of analytical calculations and results?
  • Does it require the analysis of quality control samples with each analytical batch?
  • Does it require the evaluation of quality control samples and comparison against control charts?
External to the laboratory, other QA activities may indicate additional aspects of quality:
  • Does the laboratory participate in proficiency studies (e.g., American Industrial Hygiene Association Proficiency Analytical Testing (PAT) ) for silica? (These are programs where several laboratories analyze prepared samples where the "actual" value is unknown to the laboratories. The results from all of the laboratories are evaluated by the program administrator against the "actual" values.)
  • Is the laboratory proficient in these studies, and what is its proficiency performance history?
  • Does the laboratory examine the cause of outliers (results outside of the study's control limits) and can they provide a plausible explanation for outliers?
  • Is the laboratory accredited or certified for silica analysis? If not for silica, are they for any similar types of analyses? (Accreditation and certification demonstrate that the laboratory has met requirements prescribed by an organization.)
Compliance with the OSHA standards requires knowing the mass of dust collected on each sample. This is generally accomplished by the use of pre-weighed filter media. Since the sample mass is critical to the proper calculation of the PEL and the exposure level observed, the accuracy of this determination is critical. If the laboratory provides pre-weighed sample media the following should be considered:
  • Is the media weighed to constant weight?
  • Are quality control samples analyzed with preliminary weighings?
  • Are quality control samples analyzed with final weighings?
  • Is polyvinylchloride (PVC) or other weight stable media supplied?
  • If weight stable media is not supplied, is matched-weight mixed cellulose ester or other compensating media supplied?
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