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References:
  1. Code of Federal Regulations:
     
  2. "Current Trends in Silicosis: Cluster in Sandblasters – Texas, and Occupational Surveillance for Silicosis." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) 39(25);433-37, (1990, June 29).
     
  3. "Preventing Silicosis and Deaths from Sandblasting." US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Publication No. 92-102, (1992, August).
     
  4. "Preventing Silicosis and Deaths in Rock Drillers." US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Publication No. 92-107, (1992, August).
  5. Grahan, W.G.B., et al. "Longitudinal pulmonary function losses in Vermont granite workers." Chest 106(1994): 125-130.

  6. Cowie R.L. and S.K. Mabena. "Silicosis, chronic airflow limitation, and chronic bronchitis in South African gold miners." Am Rev Respir Dis 143(1991): 80-84.

  7. Cowie R.L., M. Hay, and R.G. Thomas. "Association of silicosis, lung dysfunction, and emphysema in gold miners." Thorax 48(1993): 746-749.

  8. Cowie R.L. "The influence of silicosis on deteriorating lung function in gold miners." Am J Respir Crit Care Med 149(1994): A406.

  9. Kinsella M., et. al. "Emphysema in silicosis. A comparison of smokers with nonsmokers using pulmonary function testing and computed tomography." Am Rev Respir Dis 141(1990): 1497-1500.
     
  10. Snider D.E. The relationship between tuberculosis and silicosis. Am Rev Respir Dis 118(1978): 455-460.
     
  11. Cowie R.L., M.E. Langton, and M.R. Becklake. "Pulmonary tuberculosis in South African gold miners." Am Rev Respir Dis 139(1989): 1086-1089.
     
  12. Morgan E.J. "Silicosis and tuberculosis." Chest 75(1979): 202-203.
     
  13. Sluis-Cremer G.K., et al. "Silica, silicosis, and progressive systemic sclerosis." Br J Ind Med 42(1985): 838-843.
     
  14. Cowie R.L. "Silica-dust-exposed mine workers with scleroderma (systemic sclerosis)." Chest 92(1987): 260-262.
     
  15. International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). "Silica and some silicates." IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of the Carcinogenic Risk of Chemicals to Humans 42(1987): 49, 51, 73-11. 
     
  16. "Silica Substitute (Aluminum Oxide)." Adapted from Kraber Industries, Cleveland: OH, 1998.
     
  17. "Work-Related Lung Disease Surveillance Report, 1996 -  Table 3-8" US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Publication No. 96-134, (1996, October).
     
  18. Publications Dissemination, Emerging Infectious Diseases (EID), US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Publication No. 96-134, (1996, October).
Other Resources
  • Guide for Selection and Use of Personal Protective Equipment & Special Clothing for Foundry Operators [914 KB PDF*, 29 pages]. OSHA and American Foundry Society (AFS) Safety and Health Committee (10Q), (2005). This guide was developed by the American Foundry Societys (AFS) Safety and Health Committee (10Q) and is a product of the OSHA and AFS Alliance. It describes special considerations for the selection and use of personal protective equipment and special clothing for work situations in metal melting and pouring operations that present a risk of exposure to foundry hazards.


Accessibility Assistance: Contact the OSHA Directorate of Technical Support and Emergency Management at (202) 693-2300 for assistance accessing PDF materials.

*These files are provided for downloading.
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