Women in Construction
OSHA Guidance Documents and Regulations
- General Working Conditions in Shipyard Employment; Final Rule (PDF*). This standard provides sanitation protection including: privacy, locking doors, lighting, sanitary and well-stocked facilities requiring use of non-portable, plumbed toilets, if feasible, and non-single, occupancy facilities, to be gender-specific. 29 CFR Parts 1910 and 1915, 137 pages, (May 5, 2011).
- Portable Toilet and Sanitation Best Practices for Women in Construction (PDF*). National Association of Women in Construction (NAWIC) Alliance (2016, January).
State OSHA Guidance documents and regulation
- Toilets at Construction Jobsites. Title 8 of California's regulatory code, Subchapter 4, Article 3, Section 1526, California OSHA, Construction Sanitation Standard.
- Availability of and Access to Toilets and Hand Washing Facilities (PDF). Standards Notice 58 NC Depart of Labor (NCDOL).
- Women in Construction. NC Depart of Labor (NCDOL), (June 2011).
- Women in the Construction Workplace: Providing Equitable Safety and Health Protection. Advisory Committee on Construction Safety and Health, (HASWIC) workgroup, (June 1999).
- Diversity and Women in Construction Workgroup
- Women's Bureau. Women in the workforce are vital to the nation's economic security. The Women's Bureau develops policies and standards, and conducts inquiries to safeguard the interests of working women; to advocate for their equality and economic security for themselves and their families, and to promote quality work environments.
- Women Working in Green Construction & Energy Efficiency Fact Sheet (PDF). U.S. Department of Labor, Women's Bureau, (June 2010).
National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health
- Women's Safety and Health Issues at Work. NIOSH/CDC, Education and Information Division, (April 2012).
- Working Women Face High Risks from Work Stress, Musculoskeletal injuries, other disorders, NIOSH Finds. NIOSH/CDC, (August 2012).
- Lead - Pregnant Women: Are You Pregnant? NIOSH/CDC, (November 2010).
- Providing Safety and health Protection for a Diverse Construction Workforce: Issues and Ideas. NIOSH/CDC, DHHS (NIOSH) Publication 99-140, (1999).
- Stressors and adverse Outcomes for Female Construction Workers. NIOSH/CDC, (1988).
- Workplace Safety and Women. Podcasts at CDC, NIOSH/CDC, (April 2008).
EEO/Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs (OFCCP)
- Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs. Administers and enforces three equal employment opportunity laws: Executive Order 11246, as amended (EO); Section 503 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended, (503); and the Vietnam Era Veterans' Readjustment Assistance Act of 1974, as amended, 38 U.S.C. 4212 (VEVRAA).
- Construction Contractors Technical Assistance. Assists Federal and Federally-assisted construction contractors and subcontractors comply with the Federal laws and regulations that prohibit Federal and Federally-assisted construction contractors from discriminating in employment, and require that they undertake affirmative action to ensure equal employment opportunity in their workforces.
- Sex Discrimination Guidelines, Part 60–20.3(e) Job policies and practices (PDF)
- Worker Fact Sheets. U.S. Department of Labor, Office of Federal Compliance Programs (OFCCP).
- How to File a Discrimination Complaint
- Frequently Asked Questions. OFCCP.
- Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
- Information about filing a charge with EEOC.
- Facts about Sexual Harassment - (Violation of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964). For additional information see:
- Questions and Answers for Small Employers on Employer Liability for Harassment by Supervisors
- Sexual Harassment. U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.
- Personal Protective Equipment for Female Construction Workers: Does it Fit? (PDF*). Mount Sinai - Selikoff Centers for Occupational Health (January 2016).
- Ill-Fitting PPE Hurts Women and Construction. Laborers’ Health & Safety Fund of North America (December 2015).
- Council on Women and Girls
- Building Equality for Women in the Construction Trades (PDF). University of Massachusetts Boston, Moir, Susan; Thomson, Meryl; and Kelleher, Christa, Unfinished Business, (April 2011).
*Accessibility Assistance: Contact OSHA's Directorate of Construction at (202) 693-2020 for assistance accessing PDF materials.
All other documents, that are not PDF materials or formatted for the web, are available as Microsoft Office® formats and videos and are noted accordingly. If additional assistance is needed with reading, reviewing or accessing these documents or any figures and illustrations, please also contact OSHA's Directorate of Construction at (202) 693-2020.
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