Safety and Health Regulations for Construction
Occupational Safety and Health Administration
U.S. Department of Labor
Subpart D - Occupational Health and Environmental Controls. General
and specific components of a safety and health program cover a wide range of topics from
first aid and lighting to chemical exposures and radiation.
Medical Services and First Aid. Medical services must be reasonably accessible
through a trained first aid person and/or the local emergency responder (in non-911 areas
the telephone numbers must be posted), first aid supplies must be in a waterproof
container with individually sealed packages for each item, facilities to flush eyes or
bodies exposed to corrosive materials, and a system to provide prompt emergency
transportation. Arrangements for medical services and first aid are to be made prior to
the start of a project.
Sanitation. An adequate supply of drinking water and cups must be provided.
Toilets must be provided except to mobile crews having transportation available to nearby
Occupational Noise Exposure. Administrative or engineering controls must be used
to reduce excessive noise exposure. A hearing conservation program is required if sound
levels exceed the permissible exposures. Hearing protection must be provided when sound
levels exceed the permissible level.
Ionizing and Nonionizing Radiation. Employers must protect against occupational
exposure to radiation. Only competent and trained persons can use equipment that involves
radioactive materials or X-rays. Laser equipment operators must have proof of
qualification. Signs, safety equipment and safe practices must be utilized with lasers.
Airborne Contaminants. Administrative or engineering controls must be used if
feasible to avoid employee exposure to airborne contaminants. Approved protective
equipment must be used if administrative or engineering controls are not feasible.
Ventilation systems must be effective and safe. OSHA specifies the controls and protective
equipment that must be used in abrasive blasting; grinding, polishing, and buffing
operations; spray finishing operations; and open surface tanks.
Illumination. Illumination requirements range from 3 to 5 foot-candles for
general construction areas and 10 to 30 foot -candles for on-site shops and first aid
stations and offices.
Hazard Communication. A written hazard communication program is required, in
writing, that includes training, labeling, and the availability and use of Material Safety
Methylenedianiline (MDA). Employers
must: have written plans for emergency situations, provide training, monitor exposure,
establish and mark regulated areas where exposures can occur, and provide personal
protective equipment. They must provide decontamination areas and keep work areas as clear
of MDA as possible. Information must be shared with other contractors. Employers must
provide a medical surveillance program include initial and subsequent periodic
DOT Marking, Placards and Labels. Any package, freight container, or vehicle
that has a DOT marking, placard or label is required to keep that marking in place until
the hazardous materials are removed or no longer present a hazard.
Lead. Employers must conduct an initial exposure assessment and implement
engineering and work practice controls to keep exposure at or below the PEL. These methods
should be supplemented, if necessary to achieve compliance, with respiratory and other
clothing protection. Programs must be written and hygienic facilities and practices must
be maintained. Monitoring, medical surveillance, and recordkeeping are required.
Process safety management of highly hazardous chemicals. The contract employer
working on-site must be informed of the hazards by the host employer and train each of the
employees in the safe work practices for that project. The safety and health procedures of
the host employer as well as those of the contractor must be followed.
Hazardous waste operations and emergency response. Written safety and health
programs for hazardous waste operations are required. Training, medical surveillance,
engineering controls, work practices and personal protective equipment are included in the
Criteria for design and construction of spray booths. OSHA has specific
regulations covering spray booths, electrical and other sources of ignition, ventilation,
fixed electrostatic apparatus, electrostatic hand spraying equipment, and drying curing or