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Page last reviewed: 10/30/2007
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Concrete and Concrete Products - Manufacturing and Construction
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Industry Segments and Controlling Hazards

This section identifies some of the major industry segments involved in the manufacturing of concrete and concrete products, and in construction work with concrete. It also lists some of the leading workplace hazards for these industries and links to safety and health resources for controlling these hazards.

Manufacturing Sector

Concrete Block and Brick Manufacturing (NAICS 327331)

Concrete Pipe Manufacturing (NAICS 327332)

Ready-Mixed Concrete Manufacturing (NAICS 327320)

Construction Sector

General Hazard Resources

Amputations

Confined Spaces

  • Permit-Required Confined Spaces. OSHA Publication 3138-01R, (2004). Also available as a 486 KB PDF, 22 pages. Provides a general overview of procedures for protecting workers from the hazards of confined spaces using permit-required entry plans.

  • Worker Deaths in Confined Spaces. US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Publication No. 94-103, (1994, January). Contains summary data and investigative reports of fatal incidents involving workers who entered confined spaces.

  • Preventing Occupational Fatalities in Confined Spaces. US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Publication No. 86-110, (1986, January). Describes several fatal confined spaces incidents and makes recommendations for preventing similar events.

  • Investigations of Fatal Confined Space Incidents. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation (FACE) Report: NIOSH FACE Reports and State-Based Reports.

  • For additional information, see OSHA's Confined Spaces Safety and Health Topics Page.

Dermal (Skin) Hazards

  • Preventing Skin Problems from Working with Portland Cement. OSHA Guidance Document, (2008). Employees may suffer dermal hazards in working with wet cement such as cement burns (due to its caustic nature) and inflammation of the skin (either due to irritant or allergic contact dermatitis). This guidance addresses ways to prevent or minimize skin problems through the proper selection and use of gloves, boots and other personal protective equipment such as kneepads; proper skin care and work practices such as use of pH neutral or slightly acidic soaps; and ways of making cement products less hazardous.

  • An Employer's Guide to Skin Protection. Electronic Library of Construction Occupational Safety & Health (elcosh), (2000). Provides guidance for employers to prevent skin problems in employees who work with wet cement products.

  • A Safety & Health Practitioner's Guide to Skin Protection. Electronic Library of Construction Occupational Safety & Health (elcosh), (2000). Provides a detailed reference on dermal exposure related to cement products.

  • Save Your Skin Toolbox Talk. Electronic Library of Construction Occupational Safety & Health (elcosh), (1999). Toolbox session on the causes and prevention of skin problems from Portland cement products.

  • For additional information, see OSHA's Dermal Exposure Safety and Health Topics Page.

Electrical Hazards

Fall Protection

Respiratory Hazards

Silica and Other Hazardous Substances

  • Crystalline Silica Exposure. OSHA Publication 3176, (2002). Also available as a 37 KB PDF, 2 pages. Contains a concise description of crystalline silica, the hazards associated with it, and what workers can do to prevent developing silicosis as a result of exposure to it.

  • Hazard Communication Guidelines for Compliance. OSHA Publication 3111, (2000). Also available as a 115 KB PDF, 33 pages. Contains a generic survey of OSHA requirements for hazard communication in the workplace.

  • A Guide to Working Safely with Silica [213 KB PDF, 21 pages]. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), (1997, January 31). Provides information about the health hazards of silica and suggests ways to prevent silicosis.

  • The Campaign to End Silicosis. OSHA Job Safety & Health Quarterly (JSHQ), (1997).

  • Silica. OSHA eTool. Includes current information that will assist businesses and workers in identifying potential silica hazards in their workplaces by choosing appropriate sampling and analytical techniques, comparing monitoring results with the silica exposure limits, and selecting appropriate short and long-term control options. Includes an Advisor Genius which performs calculations for a respirable dust sample.

  • For additional information, see OSHA's Silica, Crystalline Safety and Health Topics Page.

Struck-By/Caught Between

Truck Driving

  • Ready Mixed Concrete Truck Drivers: Work-Related Hazards and Recommendations for Controls. Electronic Library of Construction Safety & Health (elcosh), Center for Construction Research and Training (CPWR). Consists of a hazard assessment of truck drivers in the industry and a summary of identified work-related hazards and safety recommendations.

  • Chipping out the Drum: Safe Work Practices. Georgia Tech Research Corporation. Produced under OSHA Susan Harwood Training Grant number 46D3-HT02. Training materials for workers who chip out hardened concrete from the interior of mixer drums on concrete trucks.

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