US Dept of Labor

Occupational Safety & Health AdministrationWe Can Help

Back to Safety and Health Topics Page

OSHA Guidance

The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has compiled the following list of safety guidelines designed to advise owners of retail sales establishments and other affected employers of some procedures to enhance employee safety during the retail sale of consumer fireworks. It is important to understand that the accidental ignition and fire prevention measures should be followed to ensure a safe retail environment. Employers are encouraged to follow these or other more protective safety guidelines for the retail sale of consumer fireworks. These safety guidelines do not supersede any regulatory requirements adopted at the Federal, State, or local levels.

General Guidelines for all sales venues
  • Obtain all necessary state and local permits, licenses, and inspections.
  • Post and enforce no smoking within 50 feet of fireworks sales areas.
  • Post and enforce no fireworks discharge within 300 feet of fireworks retail sales facilities and stores.
  • Maintain clear exit routes with a minimum of two ways out from every point.
  • Exit doors:
    • should not be locked when occupied;
    • should swing outward;
    • should not be obstructed; and
    • should have panic hardware if they latch (except for temporary stands).
  • Fire extinguishers should be operational and accessible. At least one should be a water type.
  • Secure (lock) the facility when closed and fireworks remain.
  • Remove damaged fireworks and loose pyrotechnic composition promptly and dispose of properly. Use non-sparking cleaning tools; not vacuum cleaners.
  • Maintain fixed fire protection features (i.e., keep fire doors closed).
  • Maintain required flame breaks in the retail sales displays unless the facility is sprinklered or temporary.
  • Maintain visual supervision of the fireworks sales area.
  • Do not store combustibles directly above fireworks displays unless properly separated.
  • Do not use open flames or heating devices with exposed elements.
  • Participate in safety training.
  • Aerial devices and audible ground devices require special attention and treatment. See National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 1124, Sections 7.10.5 (4) and 7.10.6.
Consumer fireworks retail sales facilities and stores (except temporary stands)
  • Post an evacuation plan and understand how to implement it in an emergency.
  • Maintain aisles with a minimum 48 inches of clear width.
  • Maintain safe display arrangements not exceeding 6 feet in height except around the perimeter of the retail sales area which can not exceed 12 feet.
  • Ensure all fireworks displayed for sale have fuses which are covered or are contained in packaging.
  • Know the location of manual pull stations and/or public address system controls and how to use them to sound a fire alarm.
  • Check emergency lighting to see that it is functional.
  • Check for exit signs: location, visibility, and illumination.
  • Verify that there are at least three ways out of the fireworks sales areas (except one-story stores not exceeding 3,000 square feet can have two).
Consumer fireworks retail sales facilities only
  • Keep combustible debris at least 30 feet away from the facility.
  • Don't park vehicles within 10 feet of the facility.
  • Keep portable generators and their fuels at least 20 feet away from the facility.
Temporary stands* only
  • Maintain aisles with a minimum 28 inches of clear width.
  • Maintain a safe display arrangement of consumer fireworks not to exceed 8 feet in height.
  • Do not allow the public into the temporary stand. 
  • Verify there are at least two exit doors (doorways) that swing out.
Tents* only
  • Verify that no open flame cooking is located within 50 feet of tents (20 feet for other types of cooking).
  • Exit opening must be 44 inches wide.

For additional information on general safety and health concerns, see OSHA's Safety and Health Topics Pages on:

*NOTE: Venues are defined in 1124, Code for the Manufacture, Transportation, Storage and Retail Sales of Fireworks and Pyrotechnic Articles. National Fire Protection Association (NFPA).


*Accessibility Assistance: Contact OSHA's Directorate of Technical Support and Emergency Management at (202) 693-2300 for assistance accessing PDF materials.

All other documents, that are not PDF materials or formatted for the web, are available as Microsoft Office® formats and videos and are noted accordingly. If additional assistance is needed with reading, reviewing or accessing these documents or any figures and illustrations, please also contact OSHA's Directorate of Technical Support and Emergency Management at (202) 693-2300.

**eBooks - EPUB is the most common format for e-Books. If you use a Sony Reader, a Nook, or an iPad you can download the EPUB file format. If you use a Kindle, you can download the MOBI file format.

Back to Top

Thank You for Visiting Our Website

You are exiting the Department of Labor's Web server.

The Department of Labor does not endorse, takes no responsibility for, and exercises no control over the linked organization or its views, or contents, nor does it vouch for the accuracy or accessibility of the information contained on the destination server. The Department of Labor also cannot authorize the use of copyrighted materials contained in linked Web sites. Users must request such authorization from the sponsor of the linked Web site. Thank you for visiting our site. Please click the button below to continue.

Close