An analysis of
OSHA data shows that steel erection accidents resulting in fatalities are often caused by the following factors:
For more information on steel erection
accidents, go to the OSHA Statistics and Data page.
- Collapses while landing or placing a load-most were the result of placing loads on unsecured or
- Collapses while connecting joists or trusses-most were the result of prematurely disconnecting the
crane before the piece was secure.
- Workers struck by objects during miscellaneous activities-most were the result of walking or
working under a load.
- Workers struck by objects and then
falling-most were the result of being struck while landing a load
or making a connection, by a tool slipping, or by a piece of decking
being blown off a pile when fall protection was not provided or used.
- Improper use or failure of fall
protection-most were the result of employee failure to use
available fall protection systems even though the worker was wearing a
belt (and in some cases lifelines were rigged).
- Unsecured or unstable decking-most
were the result of stepping onto or working on unsecured decking that
slipped out of place when fall protection was not provided or used.
- Plumbing, bolting, welding and
cutting-most were the result of of the worker not being tied off
while at the work station (whether or not fall protection was
- Walking/standing on the beam/joist
(i.e. moving point-to-point)-most were slips or falls where fall
protection was not provided or used.
The new steel erection rule, which took effect January 18,
2002, is the first OSHA safety standard developed under the Negotiated
Rulemaking Act of 1990 and the Department of Labor's negotiated
rulemaking policy. With negotiated rulemaking, a committee composed of
representatives from interested parties potentially affected by the rule
develops a proposed standard. OSHA then publishes the proposal, holds public
hearings, and receives written information from the public. After
reviewing all available evidence, OSHA issues a final standard.
Members of the Steel Erection Negotiated Rulemaking Advisory Committee (SENRAC) developed the steel erection rule. The committee, which began
negotiations in June, 1994, included representatives from organized labor, industry, public
interests, and government. The parties worked out contrasting positions
and sought common ground through face-to-face discussions. By airing
disputed issues early in the rulemaking process, the committee helped to
develop a better rule that employers are more likely to comply
with-reducing the need for enforcement and litigation activities.