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General Requirements Shipbuilding Ship Repair Shipbreaking Barge Cleaning

General Requirements Typical Health Hazards


OSHA hierarchy of controls is: 
  1. Engineering Controls
  2. Administration Controls
  3. Personal Protective Equipment

Figure 1: Asbestos hazard area identified
Figure 1: Asbestos hazard area identified.

Figure 2: Worker exposure monitoring results posted
Figure 2: Worker exposure monitoring results posted.

Figure 3: Worker receiving safety and health overview
Figure 3: Worker receiving safety and health overview.

Figure 4: Electrical equipment containing PCB hazard
Figure 4: Electrical equipment containing PCB hazard.

Figure 5: Warning for noise hazard
Figure 5: Warning for noise hazard.

Figure 6: Posted information on heat stress
Figure 6: Posted information on heat stress.
The following are the most common health hazards encountered in Shipyard Employment:

Health Hazards with Special Work Practice Requirements
(Expanded Health Standards)
Special Work Practice Requirements for Expanded Health Standards
  • Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL)
  • Action level
  • Exposure monitoring
  • Regulated areas
  • Methods of compliance
  • Respiratory protection
  • Emergency situations
  • Protective work clothing and equipment
  • Hygiene areas and practices
  • Housekeeping
  • Medical surveillance
  • Communications of hazards to employees (training)
  • Recordkeeping
Health Hazards without Special Work Practice Requirements - 29 CFR 1915.1000
  • PCB
  • Coal Tar Pitch
  • Silica
  • Mercury
  • Zinc
Other Health Hazards
  • Anti-fouling paints (organo-metals such as tin and copper)
  • Pesticides and fumigants 
  • Biological Hazards
  • Noise
  • Radiation hazards
  • Temperature-related hazards
The OSHA Hierarchy of Controls
  1. Engineering Controls
  2. Administration Controls
  3. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)


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