US Dept of Labor

Occupational Safety & Health AdministrationWe Can Help

Back to eTools

Oil and Gas Well Drilling and Servicing eTool

Drilling Safety Data Sheet (SDS)

JSA

This Safety Data Sheet (SDS) contains information on the use and procedures for handling hazardous chemicals (See below for an example of SDS for Caustic Soda). There are safety data sheets for all hazardous chemicals used in the drilling industry. Safety Data sheets must be supplied to the employer by the manufacturer and/or supplier each time the chemical is introduced into the workplace. The employer must maintain all SDS and ensure they are immediately available. See 29 CFR 1910 Subpart Z, Toxic and Hazardous Substances, Hazard Communication [29 CFR 1910.1200].

SAFETY DATA SHEET

CAUSTIC SODA (NaOH)

  1. CHEMICAL PRODUCT AND COMPANY IDENTIFICATION
    • TRADE NAME: CAUSTIC SODA (NaOH)
    • UN/NA (PIN) No.: 1823
    • APPLICATIONS: Oil well drilling fluid additive. pH modifier.
    • EMERGENCY TELEPHONE: 281-561-1600
    • SUPPLIER:
      Supplied by a Business Unit of M-I L.L.C.
      P.O. Box 42842, Houston, Texas 77242-2842
      See cover sheet for local supplier.
    • TELEPHONE: 281-561-1509
    • FAX: 281-561-7240
    • CONTACT PERSON: Sam Hoskin

  2. HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION

    • EMERGENCY OVERVIEW:

      CHEMICAL CLASS: Bases, alkalies (inorganic). DANGER! CAUSES EYE AND SKIN BURNS. Do not get in eyes or on skin or clothing. Avoid breathing airborne product. Keep container closed. Use only with adequate ventilation. Wash thoroughly after handling. Avoid contact with water or moisture, which may generate sufficient heat to ignite combustible materials. This product is a white pellet or flake material. Slippery when wet.

    • ACUTE EFFECTS:

    • HEALTH HAZARDS, GENERAL:

      Contact with this product is severely irritating to the eyes, skin, and respiratory tract and may cause severe eye injury.

      • INHALATION: Severely irritating to the respiratory tract if inhaled.
      • INGESTION: May cause burns in mucous membranes, throat, esophagus, and stomach.
      • SKIN: Corrosive to skin.
      • EYES: Corrosive to eyes.

    • CHRONIC EFFECTS:

    • CARCINOGENICITY:

      IARC: Not listed. OSHA: Not regulated. NTP: Not listed.
      10296 - CAUSTIC SODA (NaOH)

    • ROUTE OF ENTRY:

      Inhalation. Skin and/or eye contact.

    • TARGET ORGANS:

      Respiratory system, lungs. Skin. Eyes.

  3. COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS

    INGREDIENT NAME:

    Sodium hydroxide

    CAS No.:

    1310-73-2

    CONTENTS:

    100%

    TPQ:

    1,000 lbs

  4. FIRST AID MEASURES

    • GENERAL: Persons seeking medical attention should carry a copy of this SDS with them.
    • INHALATION: Move the exposed person to fresh air at once. Perform artificial respiration if breathing has stopped. Get medical attention.
    • INGESTION: Drink a couple of glasses water or milk. Do NOT induce vomiting unless directed to do so by a physician. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical attention.
    • SKIN: Wash skin thoroughly with soap and water. Remove contaminated clothing. Get medical attention if any discomfort continues.
    • EYES: Promptly wash eyes with lots of water while lifting the eye lids. Continue to rinse for at least 15 minutes. Get medical attention if any discomfort continues.

  5. FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES

    • AUTO IGNITION TEMP. (°F): N/D
    • FLAMMABILITY LIMIT - LOWER(%): N/D
    • FLAMMABILITY LIMIT - UPPER(%): N/D
    • EXTINGUISHING MEDIA:

      Carbon dioxide (CO2). Dry chemicals. Foam.

    • SPECIAL FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES:

      No specific fire fighting procedure given.

    • UNUSUAL FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARDS:

      Upon contact with certain metals and water or moist air, hydrogen gas is generated, forming explosive mixtures with air.

    • HAZARDOUS COMBUSTION PRODUCTS:

      Irritating gases/vapors/fumes.

  6. ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES

    • PERSONAL PRECAUTIONS:

      Wear proper personal protective equipment (see SDS Section 8).

    • SPILL CLEAN-UP PROCEDURES:

      Avoid generating and spreading of dust. Shovel into dry containers. Cover and move the containers. Flush the area with water. Do not contaminate drainage or waterways. Repackage or recycle if possible.

  7. HANDLING AND STORAGE

    • HANDLING PRECAUTIONS:

      Avoid handling that causes dust to generate. Wear full protective clothing for prolonged exposure and/or high concentrations. Make eye wash and emergency shower available at the work place. Wash hands often and change clothing when needed. Provide good ventilation. Provide mechanical ventilation or local exhaust ventilation.

    • STORAGE PRECAUTIONS:

      Store at moderate temperatures in dry, well ventilated area. Keep in original container.

  8. EXPOSURE CONTROLS, PERSONAL PROTECTION

    OSHA PEL:

    ACGIH TLV:

    OTHER:

    INGREDIENT NAME:

    CAS No.:

    STEL:

    TWA:

    STEL:

    TWA:

    STEL:

    TWA:

    UNITS:

    Sodium hydroxide

    1310-73-2

    2

    2 C*

    mg/m3

    * C = Ceiling Limit

    • PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT:
    • ENGINEERING CONTROLS: Use appropriate engineering controls such as exhaust ventilation and process enclosure to reduce air contamination and keep worker exposure below the applicable limits.
    • VENTILATION: Supply natural or mechanical ventilation adequate to exhaust airborne product and keep exposures below the applicable limits.
    • RESPIRATORS: Use at least a NIOSH-approved N95 half-mask disposable or reuseable particulate respirator. In work environments containing oil mist/aerosol, use at least a NIOSH-approved P95 half-mask disposable or reuseable particulate respirator.
    • PROTECTIVE GLOVES: Use gauntlet type rubber gloves.
    • EYE PROTECTION: Use tight-fitting goggles if dust is generated. Wear splash-proof eye goggles to prevent any possibility of eye contact.
    • PROTECTIVE CLOTHING: Wear appropriate clothing to prevent any possibility of skin contact. Provide eyewash station and safety shower.
    • HYGIENIC WORK PRACTICES: Wash promptly with soap and water if skin becomes contaminated. Change work clothing daily if there is any possibility of contamination.

  9. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES

    • APPEARANCE/PHYSICAL STATE: Pellets or flakes
    • COLOR: White
    • ODOR: Odorless or no characteristic odor
    • SOLUBILITY DESCRIPTION: Soluble in water
    • BOILING POINT (°F, interval): 2530 PRESSURE: 760mmHg
    • MELT./FREEZ. POINT (°F, interval): 604
    • DENSITY/SPECIFIC GRAVITY (g/ml): 2.13 TEMPERATURE (°F): 68
    • BULK DENSITY: 133 lb/cu. ft.; 2131 kg/m3
    • VAPOR DENSITY (air=1): N/A
    • VAPOR PRESSURE: 42 mmHg TEMPERATURE (°F): 1832
    • pH-VALUE, DILUTED SOLUTION: 13 CONCENTRATION (%,M): 1%

  10. STABILITY AND REACTIVITY

    • STABILITY: Normally stable
    • CONDITIONS TO AVOID: Reacts strongly with water. Avoid contact with acids.
    • HAZARDOUS POLYMERIZATION: Will not polymerize.
    • POLYMERIZATION DESCRIPTION: Not relevant
    • MATERIALS TO AVOID: Organochlorine solvents, nitro and nitroso compounds, organic peroxides; aluminum, zinc, tin and their alloys.
    • HAZARDOUS DECOMPOSITION PRODUCTS: No specific hazardous decomposition products noted.
  11. TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION

    • Component: Sodium hydroxide

    • TOXICOLOGICAL DATA:

      • 24 hours
      • Eye
      • Rabbit
      • 1 mg
      • Severe Irritation Corrosive effects
      • 24 hours
      • Skin
      • Rabbit
      • 500 mg
      • Severe Irritation Corrosive effects
      • LDLo
      • Oral
      • Rabbit
      • 500 mg/kg
      • Acute toxicity


    • TOXIC DOSE - LD 50: 1350 mg/kg (skn-rbt)

  12. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

    • LC 50, 96 HRS, FISH, mg/l: 125 (Mosquitofish)

    • EC 50, 48 HRS, DAPHNIA, mg/l: 100

    • ACUTE AQUATIC TOXICITY:

      This product passes the mysid shrimp toxicity test required by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Region VI (Gulf of Mexico) NPDES Permit, which regulates offshore discharge of drilling fluids, when tested in a standard drilling fluid. Contact M-I's Environmental Affairs Department for more information.

      This product is approved for use under the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Region IX (California) General NPDES Permit which regulates offshore discharges of drilling fluids. Contact M-I's Environmental Affairs Department for more information.

  13. DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS

    • WASTE MANAGEMENT:

      This product, should it become a waste, is hazardous by U.S. RCRA criteria. THIS CONTAINER MAY BE HAZARDOUS WHEN EMPTY. Empty containers retain residues. All labeled precautions must be observed.

    • DISPOSAL METHODS:

      Recover and reclaim or recycle, if practical. Should this product become a waste, dispose of in a permitted industrial landfill. Ensure that containers are empty by RCRA criteria before disposal in a permitted industrial landfill.

  14. TRANSPORT INFORMATION

    • LABEL FOR CONVEYANCE:
    • PROPER SHIPPING DESCRIPTION II: Sodium hydroxide, solid, 8, UN1823, PG II
    • GENERAL: RQ = 1000
    • EMERGENCY RESPONSE GUIDE No.: 154

    • U.S. DOT:

      • UN/NA No.: 1823
      • U.S. DOT HAZARD LABEL: CORROSIVE (Black/white diam.) DOT17
      • U.S. DOT CLASS: Class 8 - Corrosive Material
      • U.S. DOT PACKING GROUP: II
      • U.S. DOT PACKAGING INSTRUCTIONS: 49 CFR 173.154; 173.212; 240

    • CANADIAN TRANSPORT:

      • TDGR CLASS: Class 8 - Corrosives
      • TDGR LABEL: Corrosive

    • SEA TRANSPORT:

      • UN No. SEA: 1823
      • IMDG CLASS: Class 8 - Corrosives
      • IMDG PAGE No.: 8225-1
      • IMDG PACK GR.: II
      • EmS No.: 8-06
      • MFAG TABLE No.: 705

    • AIR TRANSPORT:

      • UN No., AIR: 1823
      • ICAO CLASS: Class 8 - Corrosives
      • AIR PACK GR.: II

  15. REGULATORY INFORMATION

    REGULATORY STATUS OF INGREDIENTS:

    CAS  No:

    TSCA:

    CERCLA:

    SARA 302:

    SARA 313:

    DSL(CAN):

    NAME: Sodium hydroxide

    1310-73-2

    Yes

    Yes

    No

    No

    Yes

    • US FEDERAL REGULATIONS:

      • WASTE CLASSIFICATION: A hazardous waste by U.S. RCRA criteria

      • REGULATORY STATUS: This product or its components, if a mixture, is subject to following regulations (Not meant to be all-inclusive, selected regulations represented):

        SECTION 313: This product does not contain toxic chemical subject to the reporting requirements of Section 313 of Title III of the Superfund Amendment and Reauthorization Act of 1986 and 40 CFR Part 372.

        SARA 311 Categories:

        • 1: Immediate (Acute) Health Effects

        • 5: Reactivity Hazard

        The components of this product are listed on or are exempt from the following international chemical registries:

        TSCA (U.S.)

        DSL (Canada)

    • STATE REGULATIONS:

    • STATE REGULATORY STATUS: This product or its components, if a mixture, is subject to following regulations (Not meant to be all-inclusive, selected regulations represented):

      • Illinois Right-to-Know
      • New Jersey Right-to-Know
      • Pennsylvania Right-to-Know
      • PROPOSITION 65: This product does not contain chemicals considered by the State of California's Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986 as causing cancer or reproductive toxicity, and for which warnings are now required.

    • CANADIAN REGULATIONS:

    • LABELS FOR SUPPLY:

    • REGULATORY STATUS:

      This Material Safety Data Sheet has been prepared in compliance with the Controlled Product Regulations.
      Canadian WHMIS Classification: E - Corrosive Material D2B - Other Toxic Effects: Toxic Material.

  16. 16. OTHER INFORMATION

    • NPCA HMIS HAZARD INDEX: 3 Serious Hazard

    • FLAMMABILITY: 0 Minimal Hazard

    • REACTIVITY: 1 Slight Hazard

    • NPCA HMIS PERS. PROTECT. INDEX: X Ask your supervisor for guidance

    • USER NOTES: N/A = Not applicable N/D = Not determined

    • INFORMATION SOURCES:

      • OSHA Permissible Exposure Limits, 29 CFR 1910, Subpart Z, Section 29 CFR 1910.1000, Air Contaminants.
      • ACGIH Threshold Limit Values and Biological Exposure Indices for Chemical Substances and Physical Agents (latest edition). Sax's Dangerous Properties of Industrial Materials, 9th ed., Lewis, R.J. Sr., (ed.), VNR, New York, New York, (1997).
      • Product information provided by the commercial vendor(s).

    • PREPARED BY: Sam Hoskin

    • REVISION No./Repl. SDS of: 1 / June 3, 1996

    • SDS STATUS: Approved

    • DATE: June 9, 1998


DISCLAIMER:

SDS furnished independent of product sale. While every effort has been made to accurately describe this product, some of the data are obtained from sources beyond our direct supervision. We cannot make any assertions as to its reliability or completeness; therefore, user may rely on it only at user's risk. We have made no effort to censor or conceal deleterious aspects of this product. Since we cannot anticipate or control the conditions under which this information and product may be used, we make no guarantee that the precautions we have suggested will be adequate for all individuals and/or situations. It is the obligation of each user of this product to comply with the requirements of all applicable laws regarding use and disposal of this product. Additional information will be furnished upon request to assist the user; however, no warranty, either expressed or implied, nor liability of any nature with respect to this product or to the data herein is made or incurred hereunder.

Back to Top

Thank You for Visiting Our Website

You are exiting the Department of Labor's Web server.

The Department of Labor does not endorse, takes no responsibility for, and exercises no control over the linked organization or its views, or contents, nor does it vouch for the accuracy or accessibility of the information contained on the destination server. The Department of Labor also cannot authorize the use of copyrighted materials contained in linked Web sites. Users must request such authorization from the sponsor of the linked Web site. Thank you for visiting our site. Please click the button below to continue.

Close