Oil and Gas Well Drilling and Servicing eTool
Drilling Safety Data Sheet (SDS)
This Safety Data Sheet (SDS) contains information on the use and procedures for handling hazardous chemicals (See below for an example of SDS for Caustic Soda). There are safety data sheets for all hazardous chemicals used in the drilling industry. Safety Data sheets must be supplied to the employer by the manufacturer and/or supplier each time the chemical is introduced into the workplace. The employer must maintain all SDS and ensure they are immediately available. See 29 CFR 1910 Subpart Z, Toxic and Hazardous Substances, Hazard Communication [29 CFR 1910.1200].
SAFETY DATA SHEET
CAUSTIC SODA (NaOH)
- CHEMICAL PRODUCT AND COMPANY IDENTIFICATION
- TRADE NAME: CAUSTIC SODA (NaOH)
- UN/NA (PIN) No.: 1823
- APPLICATIONS: Oil well drilling fluid additive. pH modifier.
- EMERGENCY TELEPHONE: 281-561-1600
- SUPPLIER: Supplied by a Business Unit of M-I L.L.C.
P.O. Box 42842, Houston, Texas 77242-2842
See cover sheet for local supplier.
- TELEPHONE: 281-561-1509
- FAX: 281-561-7240
- CONTACT PERSON: Sam Hoskin
CHEMICAL CLASS: Bases, alkalies (inorganic). DANGER! CAUSES EYE AND SKIN BURNS. Do not get in eyes or on skin or clothing. Avoid breathing airborne product. Keep container closed. Use only with adequate ventilation. Wash thoroughly after handling. Avoid contact with water or moisture, which may generate sufficient heat to ignite combustible materials. This product is a white pellet or flake material. Slippery when wet.
HEALTH HAZARDS, GENERAL:
Contact with this product is severely irritating to the eyes, skin, and respiratory tract and may cause severe eye injury.
- INHALATION: Severely irritating to the respiratory tract if inhaled.
- INGESTION: May cause burns in mucous membranes, throat, esophagus, and stomach.
- SKIN: Corrosive to skin.
- EYES: Corrosive to eyes.
IARC: Not listed. OSHA: Not regulated. NTP: Not listed.
10296 - CAUSTIC SODA (NaOH)
ROUTE OF ENTRY:
Inhalation. Skin and/or eye contact.
Respiratory system, lungs. Skin. Eyes.
COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
FIRST AID MEASURES
- GENERAL: Persons seeking medical attention should carry a copy of this SDS with them.
- INHALATION: Move the exposed person to fresh air at once. Perform artificial respiration if breathing has stopped. Get medical attention.
- INGESTION: Drink a couple of glasses water or milk. Do NOT induce vomiting unless directed to do so by a physician. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical attention.
- SKIN: Wash skin thoroughly with soap and water. Remove contaminated clothing. Get medical attention if any discomfort continues.
- EYES: Promptly wash eyes with lots of water while lifting the eye lids. Continue to rinse for at least 15 minutes. Get medical attention if any discomfort continues.
FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
- AUTO IGNITION TEMP. (°F): N/D
- FLAMMABILITY LIMIT - LOWER(%): N/D
- FLAMMABILITY LIMIT - UPPER(%): N/D
Carbon dioxide (CO2). Dry chemicals. Foam.
SPECIAL FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES:
No specific fire fighting procedure given.
UNUSUAL FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARDS:
Upon contact with certain metals and water or moist air, hydrogen gas is generated, forming explosive mixtures with air.
HAZARDOUS COMBUSTION PRODUCTS:
ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
Wear proper personal protective equipment (see SDS Section 8).
SPILL CLEAN-UP PROCEDURES:
Avoid generating and spreading of dust. Shovel into dry containers. Cover and move the containers. Flush the area with water. Do not contaminate drainage or waterways. Repackage or recycle if possible.
HANDLING AND STORAGE
Avoid handling that causes dust to generate. Wear full protective clothing for prolonged exposure and/or high concentrations. Make eye wash and emergency shower available at the work place. Wash hands often and change clothing when needed. Provide good ventilation. Provide mechanical ventilation or local exhaust ventilation.
Store at moderate temperatures in dry, well ventilated area. Keep in original container.
EXPOSURE CONTROLS, PERSONAL PROTECTION
* C = Ceiling Limit
- PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT:
- ENGINEERING CONTROLS: Use appropriate engineering controls such as exhaust ventilation and process enclosure to reduce air contamination and keep worker exposure below the applicable limits.
- VENTILATION: Supply natural or mechanical ventilation adequate to exhaust airborne product and keep exposures below the applicable limits.
- RESPIRATORS: Use at least a NIOSH-approved N95 half-mask disposable or reuseable particulate respirator. In work environments containing oil mist/aerosol, use at least a NIOSH-approved P95 half-mask disposable or reuseable particulate respirator.
- PROTECTIVE GLOVES: Use gauntlet type rubber gloves.
- EYE PROTECTION: Use tight-fitting goggles if dust is generated. Wear splash-proof eye goggles to prevent any possibility of eye contact.
- PROTECTIVE CLOTHING: Wear appropriate clothing to prevent any possibility of skin contact. Provide eyewash station and safety shower.
- HYGIENIC WORK PRACTICES: Wash promptly with soap and water if skin becomes contaminated. Change work clothing daily if there is any possibility of contamination.
PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
- APPEARANCE/PHYSICAL STATE: Pellets or flakes
- COLOR: White
- ODOR: Odorless or no characteristic odor
- SOLUBILITY DESCRIPTION: Soluble in water
- BOILING POINT (°F, interval): 2530 PRESSURE: 760mmHg
- MELT./FREEZ. POINT (°F, interval): 604
- DENSITY/SPECIFIC GRAVITY (g/ml): 2.13 TEMPERATURE (°F): 68
- BULK DENSITY: 133 lb/cu. ft.; 2131 kg/m3
- VAPOR DENSITY (air=1): N/A
- VAPOR PRESSURE: 42 mmHg TEMPERATURE (°F): 1832
- pH-VALUE, DILUTED SOLUTION: 13 CONCENTRATION (%,M): 1%
STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
- STABILITY: Normally stable
- CONDITIONS TO AVOID: Reacts strongly with water. Avoid contact with acids.
- HAZARDOUS POLYMERIZATION: Will not polymerize.
- POLYMERIZATION DESCRIPTION: Not relevant
- MATERIALS TO AVOID: Organochlorine solvents, nitro and nitroso compounds, organic peroxides; aluminum, zinc, tin and their alloys.
- HAZARDOUS DECOMPOSITION PRODUCTS: No specific hazardous decomposition products noted.
Component: Sodium hydroxide
- 24 hours
- 1 mg
- Severe Irritation Corrosive effects
- 24 hours
- 500 mg
- Severe Irritation Corrosive effects
- 500 mg/kg
- Acute toxicity
TOXIC DOSE - LD 50: 1350 mg/kg (skn-rbt)
LC 50, 96 HRS, FISH, mg/l: 125 (Mosquitofish)
EC 50, 48 HRS, DAPHNIA, mg/l: 100
ACUTE AQUATIC TOXICITY:
This product passes the mysid shrimp toxicity test required by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Region VI (Gulf of Mexico) NPDES Permit, which regulates offshore discharge of drilling fluids, when tested in a standard drilling fluid. Contact M-I's Environmental Affairs Department for more information.
This product is approved for use under the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Region IX (California) General NPDES Permit which regulates offshore discharges of drilling fluids. Contact M-I's Environmental Affairs Department for more information.
This product, should it become a waste, is hazardous by U.S. RCRA criteria. THIS CONTAINER MAY BE HAZARDOUS WHEN EMPTY. Empty containers retain residues. All labeled precautions must be observed.
Recover and reclaim or recycle, if practical. Should this product become a waste, dispose of in a permitted industrial landfill. Ensure that containers are empty by RCRA criteria before disposal in a permitted industrial landfill.
- LABEL FOR CONVEYANCE:
- PROPER SHIPPING DESCRIPTION II: Sodium hydroxide, solid, 8, UN1823, PG II
- GENERAL: RQ = 1000
- EMERGENCY RESPONSE GUIDE No.: 154
- UN/NA No.: 1823
- U.S. DOT HAZARD LABEL: CORROSIVE (Black/white diam.) DOT17
- U.S. DOT CLASS: Class 8 - Corrosive Material
- U.S. DOT PACKING GROUP: II
- U.S. DOT PACKAGING INSTRUCTIONS: 49 CFR 173.154; 173.212; 240
- TDGR CLASS: Class 8 - Corrosives
- TDGR LABEL: Corrosive
- UN No. SEA: 1823
- IMDG CLASS: Class 8 - Corrosives
- IMDG PAGE No.: 8225-1
- IMDG PACK GR.: II
- EmS No.: 8-06
- MFAG TABLE No.: 705
- UN No., AIR: 1823
- ICAO CLASS: Class 8 - Corrosives
- AIR PACK GR.: II
REGULATORY STATUS OF INGREDIENTS:
NAME: Sodium hydroxide
US FEDERAL REGULATIONS:
WASTE CLASSIFICATION: A hazardous waste by U.S. RCRA criteria
REGULATORY STATUS: This product or its components, if a mixture, is subject to following regulations (Not meant to be all-inclusive, selected regulations represented):
SECTION 313: This product does not contain toxic chemical subject to the reporting requirements of Section 313 of Title III of the Superfund Amendment and Reauthorization Act of 1986 and 40 CFR Part 372.
SARA 311 Categories:
1: Immediate (Acute) Health Effects
5: Reactivity Hazard
The components of this product are listed on or are exempt from the following international chemical registries:
STATE REGULATORY STATUS: This product or its components, if a mixture, is subject to following regulations (Not meant to be all-inclusive, selected regulations represented):
- Illinois Right-to-Know
- New Jersey Right-to-Know
- Pennsylvania Right-to-Know
- PROPOSITION 65: This product does not contain chemicals considered by the State of California's Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986 as causing cancer or reproductive toxicity, and for which warnings are now required.
LABELS FOR SUPPLY:
This Material Safety Data Sheet has been prepared in compliance with the Controlled Product Regulations.
Canadian WHMIS Classification: E - Corrosive Material D2B - Other Toxic Effects: Toxic Material.
16. OTHER INFORMATION
NPCA HMIS HAZARD INDEX: 3 Serious Hazard
FLAMMABILITY: 0 Minimal Hazard
REACTIVITY: 1 Slight Hazard
NPCA HMIS PERS. PROTECT. INDEX: X Ask your supervisor for guidance
USER NOTES: N/A = Not applicable N/D = Not determined
- OSHA Permissible Exposure Limits, 29 CFR 1910, Subpart Z, Section 29 CFR 1910.1000, Air Contaminants.
- ACGIH Threshold Limit Values and Biological Exposure Indices for Chemical Substances and Physical Agents (latest edition). Sax's Dangerous Properties of Industrial Materials, 9th ed., Lewis, R.J. Sr., (ed.), VNR, New York, New York, (1997).
- Product information provided by the commercial vendor(s).
PREPARED BY: Sam Hoskin
REVISION No./Repl. SDS of: 1 / June 3, 1996
SDS STATUS: Approved
DATE: June 9, 1998
SDS furnished independent of product sale. While every effort has been made to accurately describe this product, some of the data are obtained from sources beyond our direct supervision. We cannot make any assertions as to its reliability or completeness; therefore, user may rely on it only at user's risk. We have made no effort to censor or conceal deleterious aspects of this product. Since we cannot anticipate or control the conditions under which this information and product may be used, we make no guarantee that the precautions we have suggested will be adequate for all individuals and/or situations. It is the obligation of each user of this product to comply with the requirements of all applicable laws regarding use and disposal of this product. Additional information will be furnished upon request to assist the user; however, no warranty, either expressed or implied, nor liability of any nature with respect to this product or to the data herein is made or incurred hereunder.