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Incident Command System

Planning Roles and Responsibilities
Emergency Response Team

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What are the On-Scene Coordinator (OSC)'s planning roles and responsibilities?
Eagle flying
Under the NCP, OSC's have the responsibility to oversee development of the Area Contingency Plan (ACP) in the area of the OSC's responsibility. The NCP states that the development of ACP's should be accomplished in cooperation with the RRT, and designated local and state representatives, as appropriate. In both contingency planning and spill response, the OSC is responsible for coordinating, directing, and reviewing the work of other agencies, Area Committees, RP's, and contractors to ensure compliance with the NCP and other plans applicable to the response.

In developing the ACP, the OSC must coordinate with state and local response organizations, including those represented on the State Emergency Response Commissions (SERC's) and Local Emergency Planning Committees (LEPC's). It is the OSC's and Area Committee's responsibility to ensure that the ACP provides for a well coordinated response that is integrated and compatible, to the greatest extent possible, with all appropriate response plans of local, state, and non-federal entities, and especially with SARA Title III local emergency response plans. The OSC should also include, to the extent possible, a discussion of relationships with potential Responsible Party (RP)'s. In addition, the OSC must periodically conduct drills of spill removal capability, including fish and wildlife response capability, without prior notice, in areas for which ACP's are required and under relevant tank vessel and facility response plans. In the event of a significant discharge, OSC's should implement the ICS specified in the ACP.

What are the
Regional Response Team (RRT)'s planning roles and responsibilities?
Emergency Response Team
As outlined in § 300.115 of the NCP, regional planning and coordination of preparedness and response actions are accomplished through the RRT. The RRT agency membership parallels that of the NRT, but also includes state and local representation. The RRT provides the appropriate regional mechanism for development and coordination of preparedness activities before a response action is taken and for coordination of assistance and advice to the OSC during response actions. As appropriate, the RRT also provides guidance to Area Committees to ensure inter-area consistency and consistency of individual ACP's with the Regional Contingency Plan and the NCP.

The two principal components of the RRT mechanism are a standing team and an incident-specific team. (See Chapter 4 for more information about the incident-specific RRT.) The standing team consists of designated representatives from each participating local and state government and federal agency. There are 13 standing RRT's, one for each of ten federal regions, and additional RRT's for Alaska, the Caribbean, and the Pacific Basin. The role of the standing RRT includes providing regional access to communications systems and procedures, planning, coordination, training, and evaluation. It also includes coordination of Area Committees for these functions in areas within their respective regions, as appropriate.

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