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Impact Hazards
Heat
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Optical Radiation
  -Filter Lenses
  -Welding
  -Lasers
  -Glare
 
PPE Selection - Optical Radiation: Welding Protection
WelderThe intensity of visible light and radiant energy produced by welding operations varies depending on the task, the electrode size, and the arc current. Workers involved in welding, cutting, and brazing operations must use appropriate welding protection depending on specific welding operations. [29 CFR 1926.102(a)(5)]

Only filter lenses with the appropriate shade number will provide protection against optical radiation. Filter lenses must coincide to specific radiant energy exposure. Welding protectors are constructed of heat resistant material such as vulcanized fiber or fiberglass and fitted with a filtered lens to protect workers eyes from burns caused by infrared or other intense radiant energy. These devices protect the eyes and face from flying sparks, metal spatter, and slag chips produced during welding, brazing, soldering, and cutting.

Welding helmets are secondary protectors intended to shield the eyes and face from optical radiation, heat, and impact. Use welding helmets in addition to primary protection such as safety spectacles or goggles to provide adequate protection. 
Windows and Shields
Stationary windows:
  • May include easily removable filter and cover plates

  • Are available in many filter lens shades in order to provide appropriate protection


Stationary Window
Figure 1: 
Stationary Window
Lift-front windows:
  • Include an adjustable feature, which allows the user to lift the window

  • May include easily removable filter and cover plates

  • Are available in many filter lens shades in order to provide appropriate protection


Lift-Front Window
Figure 2: 
Lift-front Window
Hand held shields:
  • May be desired for certain welding operations that allow workers to hold their welding protection

  • May include easily removable filter and cover plates

  • Are available in many filter lens shades in order to provide appropriate protection


Hand Held Shield
Figure 3: 
Hand-held Shield
Welding goggles:
  • Use filter lenses to protect the eyes from optical radiation

  • Include an adjustable strap

  • Do not provide face protection

  • Available in eyecup or cover types


Welding Goggles
Figure 4: 
Welding Goggles
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Headgear
Headgear
Figure 5: 
Headgear
Headgear:
  • Supports the window and secures the the device to the worker's head.

  • Welding helmets are heat and electricity insulated and flame resistant




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