eTools Home:Construction Users Guide | Glossary | Bibliography | Credits
OSHA Construction eTool

Back to Path to Ground Missing or Discontinuous

Deaths Due to Missing or Discontinuous Path to Ground

Ground Wire Not Attached

A fan connected to a 120-volt electrical system via an extension cord provided ventilation for a worker performing a chipping operation from an aluminum stepladder. The insulation on the extension cord was cut through and exposed bare, energized conductors which made contact with the ladder. The ground wire was not attached on the male end of the cord's plug. When the energized conductor made contact with the ladder, the path to ground included the worker's body, resulting in death.

Adapter For 3-Prong Cord Not Grounded To Outlet

On May 27, 1986, two workers were using a 110-volt auger to install tie-down rods for a manufactured home. The auger has a one-quarter horsepower motor encased in a metal housing with two handles. One handle has a deadman's switch. Electricity to the auger was supplied by a series of 50-foot extension cords running to an adjacent property. Since the outlet at the adjacent property had no socket for a ground prong, the extension cords were plugged into the outlet using an adapter, but the ground wire of the adapter was not grounded. Two of the extension cords had no ground prongs, and some of them were repaired with electrical tape. The workers had removed their shirts and were sweating. One worker, holding the deadman's switch, received a shock from a ground fault in the auger and was knocked back from the machine. The auger then fell across the other worker, the 24-year-old victim. The first worker knocked the auger off the victim, but saw that the electric cord was wrapped around the victim's thigh. He yelled for his co-workers to disconnect the power, which they did. The workers administered CPR to the victim, but to no avail.

Short In Power Saw/Ungrounded Temporary Power Supply

On July 10, 1986, a 22-year-old carpenter was working at the construction site of large apartment complex, using a portable electric saw to construct the wooden framework of a laundry building. Electricity to operate portable power tools was supplied by a temporary service pole 50 feet away. The pole had not been inspected by the city and was not in compliance with code requirements (it was not grounded). The victim used two extension cords to supply power: a home-made cord plugged into an ungrounded receptacle on the pole, and a UL-approved cord extending from the homemade cord to the saw. The accident site was wet; also, humidity was high and the victim was sweating. Reportedly, he was shocked throughout the morning, and he had replaced one of the extension cords in an effort to eliminate the shocks. The source of the shocks -- the saw -- was not replaced. As the victim climbed down a makeshift ladder, he shifted the saw from his right hand to his left, and was shocked. This caused him to fall from the ladder and land in a puddle of water, still holding the saw. Apparently, his hand contracted and he was "locked" to the saw. A co-worker disconnected the power cord to the saw, too late to save the victim.

eTools Home:Construction Users Guide | Glossary | Bibliography | Credits