An aerial lift is any vehicle-mounted device used to elevate personnel, including:
Aerial lifts have replaced ladders and scaffolding on many job sites due to their mobility and flexibility. They may be made of metal, fiberglassreinforced plastic, or other materials. They may be powered or manually operated, and are considered to be aerial lifts whether or not they can rotate around a primarily vertical axis.
Many workers are injured or killed on aerial lifts each year.
OSHA provides the following information to help employers and workers recognize and avoid safety hazards they may encounter when they use aerial lifts.
The following hazards, among others, can lead to personal injury or death:
Only trained and authorized persons are allowed to operate an aerial lift. Training should include:
Workers should be retrained if any of the following conditions occur:
Employers are also required to retrain workers who they observe operating an aerial lift improperly.
Prior to each work shift, conduct a pre-start inspection to verify that the equipment and all its components are in safe operating condition. Follow the manufacturer's recommendations and include a check of:
Do not operate any aerial lift if any of these components are defective until it is repaired by a qualified person. Remove defective aerial lifts from service (tag out) until repairs are made.
Work Zone Inspections
Employers must assure that work zones are inspected for hazards and take corrective actions to eliminate such hazards before and during operation of an aerial lift. Items to look for include:
Stability in theWork Zone:
Insulated aerial lifts offer protection from electric shock and electrocution by isolating you from electrical ground. However, an insulated aerial lift does not protect you if there is another path to ground (for instance, if you touch another wire). To maintain the effectiveness of the insulating device, do not drill holes in the bucket.
29 CFR 1910.67, 29 CFR 1910.269(p), 29 CFR 1926.21, 29 CFR 1926.453, 29 CFR 1926.502.
American National Standards Institutes standards:
ANSI/SIA A92.2-1969, ANSI/SIA A92.3, ANSI/SIA A92.5, ANSI/SIA A92.6.
OSHA has a variety of publications, standards, technical assistance and compliance tools to help you. OSHA also offers extensive assistance through workplace consultations, grants, strategic partnerships, state plans, training and education. OSHA's Safety and Health ProgramManagement Guidelines (54 Federal Register 3904-3916, January 26, 1989) detail elements critical to the development of a successful safety and health program.
To file a complaint by phone, report an emergency, or get OSHA advice, assistance, or products, contact your nearest OSHA office or call us toll-free at 1-800-321-OSHA (6742).
This is one in a series of informational fact sheets highlighting OSHA programs, policies or standards. It does not impose any new compliance requirements. For a comprehensive list of compliance requirements of OSHA standards or regulations, refer to Title 29 of the Code of Federal Regulations. This information will bemade available to sensory-impaired individuals upon request.The voice phone is (202) 693-1999; the teletypewriter (TTY) number is (877) 889-5627.
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