1926 Subpart T
SAFETY AND HEALTH 1926
Overview for Subpart T
T-1 What are the serious most frequently cited demolition violations?
T-2 What are some effective control measures that can be used to protect
employees from the hazards presented in T-1 above?
- Not performing a written engineering survey of the structure before
commencing demolition work [1926.850(a)].
- Not providing fall protection for employees exposed to wall openings
- Not providing shoring or bracing for walls to prevent premature collapse
- Not properly inspecting and maintaining stairways and ladders in safe
conditions for employee use [1926.851(b)].
- Not properly testing and removing hazardous materials from within
the structure before commencing demolition work [1926.850(e)]; and not
providing sidewalk shed covers to protect employee entrances to structure
- First, the engineering survey needs to be done to determine areas
where premature collapse may occur. While this survey is being done,
the presence of hazardous materials needs to be noted including whether
asbestos or lead is present. If hazardous materials are present then
these hazards will need to be included in the work scheduling before
the demolition work can begin. Knowledge of the structure's weak points
and the presence of hazardous materials including the contents of equipment
within the structure prior to beginning demolition work is essential
for providing a safe work environment. See 1926.850 preparatory operations,
1926.62 lead, 1926.1101 asbestos and 1926.150 fire protection for more
- Fall protection measures are necessary for employees who will be using
stairs, ladders, or working near wall openings (see illustration T-1).
The measures required in Subpart M - Fall Protection and Subpart X -
Stairways and Ladders will provide further clarification of what measures
are necessary to assure employees are protected from falling.
- Safe entrance into the structure to be demolished is necessary to
protect employees from objects falling onto them as they enter to begin
work. This overhead shed protection needs to extend at least 8 feet
(2.46 m) out from the structure to prevent workers from being struck
by falling objects. See 1926.850(k) for specific criteria.
All guard rails must be able to withstand 200 pounds
lateral pressure at the top rail.