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1926 Subpart P

OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH                         1926 Subpart P

Overview for Subpart P

P-1. What are the most frequently cited serious Excavation violations? (January 1, 1990 to April 1, 1996)

29 CFR 1926.652(a)(1) (Protection in Excavations)
.651(k)(1) (Inspections)
.651(j)(2) (Loose Rock/Soil)
.651(c)(2) (Means of Egress)
.651(d) (Vehicular Traffic)
.651(k)(2) (Inspections)
.651(h)(1) (Water Accumulation)
.651(j)(1) (Loose Rock/Soil)
.651(l)(2)* (Walkways/Guardrails)
.651(e) (Falling Loads)
.651(i)(3) (Adjacent Structures)
.651(l)(1)* (Walkways/Guardrails)
.652(b) (Sloping/Benching Systems)
.651(i)(1) (Adjacent Structures)
.652(c) (Design/Protective Systems)
.652(g)(2) (Shield Systems Requirements)
.652(g)(1) (Shield Systems/General)
.651(b)(4) (Underground Installations)
.651(g)(1) (Hazardous Atmospheres)
.651(a) (Surface Encumbrances)
.652(a)(2) (Protective Systems)

* 29 CFR 1926.651(l)(2) was deleted by 59 FR 40730, dated August 9, 1994 ( publication of final rule Subpart M of Part 1926 (Fall Protection)).

P-2. What are some effective control measures that can be used for the serious hazards discussed in P-1?
  1. The competent person should develop a check list enumerating the items listed in P-1 and use the list to identify and correct unsafe or unhealthy conditions that exist on a particular worksite.

  2. All excavations including trenches must be shored or sloped that are 5 feet (1.52 m) in depth, or greater (1926.652). For excavations less than 5 feet (1.52 m) in depth, the competent person examines the excavation for potential cave-in hazards and makes a determination if protection is needed (1926.652(a)(1)).
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