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1926 Subpart E

OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH                         1926 Subpart E

Overview for Subpart E
Personal Protective Equipment

E-1. What are the most frequently cited serious Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) violations?
  1. Failure to provide and use proper head protective equipment (1926.100(a)).

  2. Lack of proper eye or face protection (1926.102(a)).

  3. The lack of safety nets for fall hazards of more than 25 feet (1926.105(a)).

  4. Workers not using serviceable PPE when exposed to hazards that could cause serious injuries (1926.95(a)); not using personal floatation equipment when working over or near deep water (1926.106(a)); and not using properly approved respiratory protective equipment (1926.103(a)(1) and (2)).
E-2. What are some effective control measures that can be used for these serious hazards discussed in E-1?
  1. Personal protective equipment (PPE) is one of the more common controls used, and the equipment must be maintained in serviceable condition and replaced when no longer useable.

  2. Employers must establish a policy of what PPE is to be used by their employees for various jobs and to instruct their workers on the proper care and use of PPE. Each worker needs to wear their hard hat when potentially exposed to falling objects and eye protection needs to be worn as shown in Table E-1 in section 1926.102.

  3. As part of the employer's safety and health program, a hazard survey of the work needs to be done to determine what control measures to use where hazards can not be eliminated. This survey can serve as a resource as to which type of PPE needs to be used by workers so as to minimize injury or illness exposure.

  4. The PPE used needs to be the proper type that provides the necessary protection for the worker from the hazards found in the survey. Only NIOSH approved respirator protective devices are acceptable to OSHA for respiratory hazards. All personal floatation devices must be approved by the U.S. Coast Guard to be acceptable to OSHA for those workers doing jobs over deep water or next to deep water hazards.

  5. Where personal fall arrest equipment is not practical for all workers who are exposed to fall hazards over 25 feet, safety nets become the backup protection to protect all who work above the net. This is typically done in bridge construction work and high rise buildings.
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