OSHA Field Inspection Reference Manual CPL 2.103
Section 9 - Index


OSHA Field Inspection Reference Manual - Table of ContentsOSHA Field Inspection Reference Manual - Table of Contents
  • Chapter Number: Index
  • Chapter Title: Index

Archive Notice - OSHA Archive

NOTICE: This is an OSHA Archive Document, and no longer represents OSHA Policy. It is presented here as historical content, for research and review purposes only.



                               INDEX 

Abatement 
     Assistance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-16 
     Effect of Contest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-1 
     Good Faith Effort . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-16 
     Long Term . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-2 
     Partial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-16 
     Period. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-1 
     Plan, of Employer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-3 
     PMA (see Petition to Modify Abatement Date) 
     Reporting (by CSHO) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-20 
     Verification of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-1 
Abatement Date 
     Employee Contest of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-19 
     Final . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-3 
     Long-Term . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-2 
     Reasonable  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-1 
Absorption Hazards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-25 
Access to 
     Classified Areas. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-13 
     Records . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-21 
Accidents (see also Fatality/Catastrophe under 
 Inspections). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-10, III-6, 7, 9 
Additive/Synergistic Effects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-25 
Adjustment Factors (penalty) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-12 
     Good Faith. . . . . . . . . . . .IV-8, 12 to 14, 16, 18, 23 
     History (see also Geographical 
      Limitations) . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-8, 12 to 14, 18, 19 
     Size. . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-8, 12 to 14, 15, 17 to 19 
Administrative 
     Controls (see also Feasible). . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-3 
     Subpoena. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-12, II-3, 7 
Advance Notice . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-11, II-15, IV-22, 24 
Affected Employee (see Employee) 
Affirmative Defenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-29 to 31 
     Greater Hazard. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-31 
     Impossibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-30 
     Multiemployer Worksites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-31 
     Unpreventable Employee Misconduct (Isolated Event). .III-30 
Agreements (see Settlements) 
Alleged Violation Description (AVD). . . . . . . . . . . .III-19 
Alternative Standards. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-26 
Amending/Withdrawing Citations (see also Informal Conference 
     and Settlements). . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-5 to 7, 26, 30 
Annual Summary (see Form OSHA-200) 
Apparent Violation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-14 
Appropriations Act (see also CPL 2.51H or most current 
 version). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-4, II-10, IV-8 
Area Director 
     Decisions (at Informal Conferences) . . . . . . IV-24 to 26 
     Responsibilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . I-1, IV-1, 3 to 5 
     Settlements (ISAs). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-26 to 28 
Area Office 
     Construction Inspections Beyond Single (Area Office). II-25 
     Position on PMAs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-27 
     Responsibilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-2 
Assessment 
     Probability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-9, 10, 12 
     Severity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-9, 12 
Assistance 
     Employer Abatement. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-16 
     Expert. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-12 
Assistant Area Director (Responsibilities) . . . . . . . . . I-1 
Authorization (Advance Notice) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-11 
Authorized Representative (see Employee, Employer, 
 and Representative) 
AVD (Alleged Violation Description). . . . . . . . . . . .III-19 
Bankrupt/Out of Business . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-8 
Biological Monitoring. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-25 
Burden of Proof (Affirmative Defenses) . . . . . . . . . .III-29 
Case File Activity Diary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . III-4 
Case File Stages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-1 to 3 
Catastrophe (see also CPL 2.77). . . . . . .I-4, II-5, 20, III-6 
Certification 
     Employer (ISAs) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-32 
     Form (Review Commission). . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-35, 36 
     Informal Settlement Agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-32 
     Summary (OSHA 200 Form) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-20 
Certified 
     Bargaining Agent. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-9, 11, 12 
     Mail. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-7, IV-4, 30 
Citation 
     5(a)(1) (see General Duty) 
     Amending. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-5 to 7, 26, 30 
     Issuing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-4 
     Mailing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-4 
     Policy (Ventilation Standard) . . . . . . . . . . . .III-20 
     Pre-Citation Consultation (with Solicitor). . . . . . III-1 
     Violation Types (see Violations) 
     Withdrawing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-5 to 7, 26, 30 
     Writing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-25 
Classified 
     Areas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-13 
     Information/Trade Secrets . . . . . .I-12, II-12, 17, III-4 
Clearance (see Security Clearance) 
Closing Conference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-18, 26 
Collecting Samples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-14 
Combining Violations . . . . . . . . . . . . III-26, IV-10 to 12 
Communication with Review Commission . . . . . . . . . . . IV-37 
Complainant 
     Discrimination. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-9 
     Employee, Right of. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-15 
     Identity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-6 
     Letters to. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-5, 6, 8, 9 
Complaints 
     Compulsory Process (Warrants) . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-6 
     Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-6 
     Employee, Right of. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-15 
     Formal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-6, 7 
     Imminent Danger Alleged . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-6, 7 
     Inspections/Investigations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-5 
     Letters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-5, 6, 8, 9 
     Nonemployee (see Nonformal) 
     Nonformal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-6, 8 
     Oral. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-6 
     Priority. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-3 
     Referrals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-10, II-5 
     Response. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-7 to 9 
     Section 11(c) Nonformal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-9 
     Telephone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-8 to 10 
     Workplace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-25 
Compliance Safety and Health Officer (CSHO) 
     Dealing with Parties before the Commission. . . . . . IV-37 
     Disposition of Inspection Records . . . . . . . . . . . I-2 
     Personal Security Clearance . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-12 
     Presenting Credentials. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-1 
     Release of Inspection Information . . . . . . . . . . . I-2 
     Responsibilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-1 
     Selection of. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-21 
     Subpoena Served on. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-2 
     Testifying. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-2 
     Visitor's Register. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-8 
Comprehensive (see Inspections/Investigations) 
Compulsory Process (see Warrants) 
Conference 
     Closing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-18, 26 
     Informal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-24 
     Opening . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-10 
Construction 
     Definition. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-25 
     Inspections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-25 
     Standard Applicability. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-25 
     Worksite. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-25 
Consultation (see also TED 3.5) 
     Pre-Citation (with Solicitor) . . . . . . . . . . . . III-1 
     Voluntary Compliance Programs . . . . . . . . . . . . II-10 
     Voluntary Protection Programs . . . . . . . . . . . . II-11 
Contest 
     Effect Upon Abatement Period. . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-1 
     Effect Upon Inspection Selection Criteria . . . . . . . I-5 
     Employee. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-19 
     Notice Transmittal to Review Commission . . . . . . . IV-33 
Controlling Employer (see Multiemployer Worksites) 
Controls (Administrative and Engineering). . . . . . . . . .IV-2 
Corporate-Wide Settlements (see also CPL 2.90) . . . . . . IV-32 
Correcting Employer (see Multiemployer Worksite) 
Creating Employer (see Multiemployer Worksite) 
Credentials, Presentation of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-1 
Criminal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-18, 21, 22, IV-24 
Criminal/Willful Violations. . . . . . . . . III-15 to 17, IV-24 
Dates 
     Abatement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-1 to 3 
     Final, of Settlements and Review Commission Orders. . IV-32 
     PMA Filing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-26 
Death (see Fatality) 
Decisions 
     Administrative Law Judge (ALJ). . . . . . . . . . . . IV-33 
     Court . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-33 
     Informal Conference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-24, 26 
Definitions 
     Affirmative Defenses. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-29 
     Catastrophe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-21 
     Combining . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-26 
     Complaint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-6 
     Construction Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-25 
     Employee. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . III-5 
     Fatality. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-20 
     Formal Complaint. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-5 
     Grouping. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-26 
     Hazard. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . III-9 
     Horizontal & Vertical Standards . . . . . . . . . . . III-4 
     Hospitalization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-21 
     Imminent Danger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-22 
     Nonformal Complaint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-8 
     Referrals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-5 
     Reporting Fatalities/Catastrophes . . . . . . . . . . II-21 
     Representative of Employee. . . . . . . . . . .II-9, 11, 12 
     Universal & Specific Industry Standards . . . . . . . III-4 
     Walkaround Representatives. . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-11 
     Worksite. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-25 
Delay in Issuing Citation (see Issuing under Citation) 
De Minimis Violations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-7, 8, III-19 
Denial of Entry. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-2, 8 
Diary (Inspection Case File Activity). . . . . . . . . . . III-4 
Disclaimers (Employers Abatement Assistance) . . . . . . . II-17 
Disclosure of Records. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-13 
Discrimination,  OSH Act 11(c) (see also 
 DIS .4B). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-6, 8 to 10, II-19 
Disposition of Inspection Records. . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-2 
Disruptive Conduct . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-12 
Documentation 
     Advance Notice. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-12 
     Elements of Serious Violation . . . . . . . . . . . . III-7 
     Four Stage Case File. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . III-1 
     Informal Conference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-25, 26 
     Proximity to Hazard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . III-5 
     Recognized Hazard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-10 
     Willful Fatality (Criminal Referral). . . . . . .III-16, 17 
Egregious (Violation-by-Violation) . . . . III-28, IV-12, 16, 29 
Elimination of Imminent Danger . . . . . . . . . . . . II-23, 24 
Emphasis Programs (Local). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-4, 10 
Employee 
     Complaints. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-15 
     Contest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-19 
     Definition. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . III-5 
     Exposure. . . . . . . . . . . . . II-14, 20, III-5, IV-4, 9 
     Interviews. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-15 
     Misconduct (Isolated Event Defense) . . . . . . . . .III-30 
     Objection to PMA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-28 
     Other Employer, of. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-10 
     Participation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-9 
     Representative. . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-11, 12, 18, 19 
     Responsibilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-29 
     Right of Complaint. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-15 
     Rights (see also Walkaround). . . . . . . . . . . II-15, 18 
Employer 
     Abatement Assistance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-16 
     Abatement Plan. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-3 
     Advance Notice. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-11 
     Affirmative Defenses. . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-29 to 31 
     Bankrupt/Out of Business. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-8 
     Certify (ISAs). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-32 
     Contacts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-5 
     Controlling (see Multiemployer Worksite) 
     Correcting (see Multiemployer Worksite) 
     Creating (see Multiemployer Worksite) 
     Exposing (see Multiemployer Worksite) 
     Good Faith. . . . . . . . . . . .IV-8, 12 to 14, 16, 18, 23 
     History (see also Geographical 
      Limitations) . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-8, 12 to 14, 18, 19 
     Immediately Corrects. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-15 
     Interference. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-2, 8 
     Larger. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-17 
     Multifacility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-18 
     Notification Requirement. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-22 
     Posting Requirements. . . . II-13, 14, IV-8, 19, 21, 27, 28 
     Recognition of Hazard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-10 
     Refusal of Entry. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-2, 8 
     Reporting (employment accidents). . . . . . . . . . . IV-21 
     Representatives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-11 
     Responsibilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . III-4, 15, 28, 29 
     Safety and Health Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-14 
     Services Available. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-28 
     Size. . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-8, 12 to 14, 15, 17 to 19 
     Small . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-14, 17 
     Worksite. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-25 
Engineering Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-2, 3 
Entry 
     Refusal of. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-2, 8 
     Workplace, of the . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-25 
Expert Assistance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-12 
Exposing Employer (see Multiemployer) 
Exposure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-14, 20, III-5, IV-4, 9 
     Observed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . III-6 
     Potential . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . III-6 
     Reducing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-4 
     Unobserved. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . III-6 
Failure to Abate (see Penalty) 
Family, Victims. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-21 
Fatality/Catastrophe (see also CPL 2.77) . .I-4, II-5, 20, III-6 
Feasible 
     Administrative. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-3 
     Controls. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-2, 3 
     Economic. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-4 
     Engineering Controls. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-2, 3 
     Method of Correction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-11 
     Technical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-3 
     Work Practices. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-3 
Federal Agency Inspections/Programs (or contract 
 with) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-2, 4, 12, 25, 26 
Federal Marshal Assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-7 
Final Order Dates. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-32 
Fire/Explosion-Related Ventilation Standard. . . . . . . .III-21 
FOIA (Freedom of Information Act). . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-13 
Followup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-4, II-6, 19, 20, IV-5 
Formal 
     Complaints. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-6, 7 
     Settlements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-32 
Forms/Pamphlets 
     OSHA-1 (Inspection Report). . . . . . II-10, III-1, 2, IV-3 
     OSHA-1A (Narrative) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-2, 3 
     OSHA-1B or 1BIH (Worksheets).II-15, 20, III-2, 3, 4, 14, 19 
     OSHA-2 (Citation & Notification of Penalty)III-27, IV-6, 36 
     OSHA-2B (Notification of Failure to Abate 
      Alleged Violations). . . . . . . . . . . . IV-5, 6, 15, 36 
     OSHA-7 (Notice of Alleged Safety or Health 
      Hazards) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-6, 9, 10 
     OSHA-8 (Notice of Alleged Imminent Danger). . . . II-23, 24 
     OSHA-36F (Fatality/Catastrophe Report). . . . . . . . .II-5 
     OSHA-89 (Photo Mounting Worksheet). . . . . . . . . . III-4 
     OSHA-90 (Referral Report) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-6 
     OSHA-101/101S (Supplementary Record of Occupational 
          Injuries & Illnesses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-20 
     OSHA-200 (Log & Summary of Occupational 
          Injuries & Illnesses). . . . . . . III-27, IV-19 to 21 
Four Stage Case File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-1 to 3 
Freedom of Information Act (FOIA). . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-13 
General Duty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . III-8 
     Elements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . III-8 
     Evaluation of Section 5(a)(1) Situations. . . . . . . III-8 
     Formalizing Oral Complaints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-6 
     Limitations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-12 
     Pre-Citation Review . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-13 
     Requirements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . III-8 
     Violation of. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . III-8 
     When Not to Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-27 
Geographical Limitations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-18 
Good Faith . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-8, 12 to 14, 16, 18, 23 
Gravity (see also Penalty and 
 Violations) . . . . . . . . . . . .III-18, IV-8 to 11, 16 to 18 
Gravity-Based Penalty (GBP). . . . . . . . . . . IV-12, 16 to 18 
Greater Hazard Defense . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-31 
Grouping Violations. . . . . . . . . . III-26, 27, IV-11, 12, 21 
Hazard 
     Affect the Cited Employer's Employees . . . . . . . .III-10 
     Common Sense Recognition. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-11 
     Corrected by a Feasible/Useful Method . . . . . . . .III-11 
     Definition. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . III-9 
     Employer Recognition. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-10 
     Employee Exposure to. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . III-8 
     General Duty. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . III-8 
     Greater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-31 
     Industry Recognition. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-11 
     Likely to Cause Death/Serious Physical Harm . . . . .III-11 
     Not a Particular Accident . . . . . . . . . . . . . . III-9 
     Proximity to. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . III-5 
     Reasonably Foreseeable. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-10 
     Recognized. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-10 
Health Violations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-20 to 25 
Hearings, CSHO Testifying at . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-2 
High Gravity Violations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-18 
History (see also Geographical 
 Limitations). . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-8, 12 to 14, 18, 19 
Horizontal Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . III-4 
Hospitalization. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-21 
Identity of Complainant. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-6 
Imminent Danger. . . . . . . . . . . . . I-4, 7, 8, II-5, 22, 23 
Implementation of Feasible Engineering Controls. . . . . . .IV-2 
Impossibility Defense. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-30 
Informal 
     Complaints (see Nonformal Complaints) 
     Conference. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-24 
     Settlements (see also ADM 1-1.13A, Chapter 
      VIII). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-28 to 32 
Information 
     Public Information Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-22 
     Release of Inspection Information . . . . . . . . . . . I-2 
     Trade Secret. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-13 
Ingestion Hazard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-25 
Inspection 
     Case File Diary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . III-4 
     History (of Employer) (see also Geographical 
          Limitations) . . . . . . . . . .IV-8, 12 to 14, 18, 19 
     Records, Disposition of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-2 
     Scheduling. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-3 
     Warrants (Compulsory Process) . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-3 
Inspections/Investigations 
     Accidents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-10, III-6, 7, 9 
     Advance Notice. . . . . . . . . . . .I-11, II-15, IV-22, 24 
     Catastrophe (see also CPL 2.77) . . . .I-4, II-5, 20, III-6 
     Complaint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-3 to 5, II-5 
     Comprehensive (Wall-to-Wall). . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-1 
     Conduct of. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-1 
     Construction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-25 
     Criminal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-22 
     Fatality (see also CPL 2.77). . . . . .I-4, II-5, 20, III-6 
     Federal Agency (or contract with) . . . II-2, 4, 12, 25, 26 
     Followup. . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-4, II-6, 19, 20, IV-5 
     Imminent Danger . . . . . . . . . I-4, 7, 8, II-5, 22 to 24 
     Interference. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-2, 8 
     Local Emphasis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-4, 10 
     Military Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-2 
     Monitoring. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-6, 19 
     Partial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-1 
     Planning (see also Scheduling). . . . . . . . . . . I-3, 10 
     Preparation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-10 
     Presenting Credentials. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-1 
     Priorities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-4 
     Procedures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II 
     Programmed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-3, 10, II-6, 9 
     Referrals (see also Referrals). . . . . I-3, 4, 6, 10, II-5 
     Refusal of Entry. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-2, 8 
     Release of Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-2 
     Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-1, 5, 10, 23 
     Selection Criteria. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-4 
     Special Procedures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-19 
     Time of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-1 
     Types (see also specific types) . . . . . . . . . . . . I-3 
     Unprogrammed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-3, 5, II-9 
     Use of Resources. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-4, 5 
     Walkaround. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-14 
Interaction with Other Agencies (Rescue Operations). . . . II-22 
Interference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-2, 8 
Interviews . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-15 
     Employees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-15 
     Privacy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-15 
     Statements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-16 
     Time/Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-15 
Investigations (see Inspections/Investigations) 
Isolated Event Defense . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-30 
Issuing Citations (see also Citation). . . . . . . . . . . .IV-4 
Jurisdiction, Federal Agency (see also Preemption) . . II-12, 25 
Labor Dispute/Strike . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-9 
LEP (Local Emphasis Programs) (see also CPL 2.102) . . . I-4, 10 
Lesser Gravity Violations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-18 
Letters 
     Complainant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-5, 6, 8, 9 
     Certified Mail. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-7, IV-4, 30 
     Employers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-8 
     Nonformal Complaints. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-8 
     Referrals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-10 
     Withdrawing Citation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-7 
Limitations 
     Geographical. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-18 
     Time (Repeated Violations). . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-17 
Local Emphasis Programs (LEP) (see also CPL 2.102) . . . I-4, 10 
Longshoring. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-18 
Lost Workday Injury Rate (LWDI). . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-13 
LWDI (Lost Workday Injury Rate). . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-13 
Mailing Certified. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-7, IV-4, 30 
Military Base. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-2 
Miranda Warnings (see Criminal/Willful Violations) . . . .III-16 
Modification of Abatement Dates (PMA). . . . . . . . . IV-26, 36 
Monitoring Inspections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-6, 19 
Multiemployer 
     Inspection Types (Unprogrammed NOTE). . . . . . . . . . I-3 
     Refusal of Entry. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-2 
     Worksites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-2, 10, III-28, 31 
Multifacility Employer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-18 
Noise Standard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-21 
Nonformal Complaints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-6, 8 
Notice of 
     Contest Transmittal to OSH Review Commission. . . . . IV-33 
     Failure to Abate (see Penalty, Failure to Abate) 
Notification Requirements (Advance Notice) . . . . . . . . IV-22 
Objections to PMA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-28 
Observed Exposure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . III-6 
Opening Conference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-10 
OSHA Notice (Poster) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-19 
Other Agencies 
     Entry of Workplace. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-25 
     Interaction with (Rescue Operations). . . . . . . . . II-22 
Other-Than-Serious Violations. . . . . . . . . .III-6, 27, IV-11 
Out of Business/Bankrupt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-8 
Outreach Program (Area Office Responsibilities). . . . . . . I-2 
Penalty 
     Additional (Failure to Abate) . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-15 
     Adjustment Factors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-12 
          Good Faith . . . . . . . . .IV-8, 12 to 14, 16, 18, 23 
          History (see also Geographical 
           Limitations). . . . . . . . . .IV-8, 12 to 14, 18, 19 
          Size . . . . . . . . . . .IV-8, 12 to 14, 15, 17 to 19 
     Civil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-7 
     Criminal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-22, IV-24 
     Factors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-8 
     Failure to Abate. . . . . .II-20, III-19, IV-15, 16, 26, 35 
     General Policy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-7 
     Gravity . . . . . . . . . . . .III-18, IV-8 to 11, 16 to 18 
     Gravity-Based Penalty (GBP) . . . . . . . . IV-12, 16 to 18 
     Grouped Violations. . . . . . . . III-26, 27, IV-11, 12, 21 
     Immediate Correction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-15 
     Increase Factors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-17 
     Minimum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-8 
     No Initial. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-17 
     Policy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-7 
     Posting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-8 
     Probability Assessment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-9, 12 
     Severity Assessment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-9, 11 
     Statutory Authority . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-7 
     Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-23 
Petition to Modify Abatement Date (PMA). . . . . . . . IV-26, 36 
Photographs (see also Videotapes and CPL 2.98) . . . . II-15, 18 
Planning 
     Inspection Preparation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-9 
     Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-2 
PMA (Petition to Modify Abatement Date). . . . . . . . IV-26, 36 
Policy 
     Advance Notice. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-10 
     Employer Abatement Assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . II-15 
     Penalty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-7 
     Public Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-21 
     Trade Secrets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-16 
Post-Contest Settlements (see Formal Settlement Agreements) 
Posting 
     Amended/Withdrawal Citation . . . . . . . . . . IV-4, 5, 22 
     Annual Illness/Injury Log (OSHA-200). . . . . . . IV-16, 18 
     Informal Conference Form. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-20 
     Notice of Alleged Imminent Danger (OSHA-8). . . . . . II-24 
     Penalty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-8 
     Petition to Modify Abatement Date (PMA) . . . . . IV-27, 28 
     Requirements. . . . . . . . II-13, 14, IV-8, 19, 21, 27, 28 
     Violations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-8, 19 
Postmark (Notice of Contest) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-34 
Potential Exposure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . III-6 
Pre-Citation 
     Consultation (with Solicitor) . . . . . . . . . . . . III-1 
     Review (General Duty Violations). . . . . . . . . . .III-13 
Pre-Contest Settlements (see Informal Settlements) 
Preemption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-12, III-11 
Preinspection Compulsory Process (Warrants). . . . . . . . .I-12 
Preparation (Inspection) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-10 
Presenting Credentials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-1 
Priorities (Inspection). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-4 
Privacy, Interview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-15 
Probability Assessment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-9, 10, 12 
Procedures 
     Amending Citations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-6 
     Informal Conference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-24 
     Informal Settlements (see also Settlements and ADM 1-1.13A, 
          Chapter VIII). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-32 
     Pre-Citation Consultation (with Solicitor). . . . . . III-1 
     Withdrawing Citation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-6 
Process 
     Compulsory. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-3 
     Preinspection Compulsory. . . . . . . . . . . I-12, II-3, 6 
Program Planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-2 
Programmed Inspections . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-3, 10, II-6, 9 
Proximity to Hazard. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . III-5 
Public Information Policy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-22 
Recognition of Hazard. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-10 
Recordkeeping 
     Penalty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-19 
     Requirements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-20 
     Violation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-19 
Records 
     Access. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-21 
     Disclosure of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-13 
     Disposition of. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-2 
     Examination of. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-13 
     Exposure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-7, 22 
     Posting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-14 
Referrals (see also Inspections/Investigations) 
     Complaints. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-10, II-5 
     Definition. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-6 
     Priority. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-4 
Refusal of Entry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-2, 8 
Regional Administrator (Responsibilities). . I-1, II-3, 7, IV-27 
Regulatory Violation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-17, 19 
Release for Entry. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-8 
Release of Inspection Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-2 
Repeated Violations. . . . . . . . . . . . . III-17 to 19, IV-16 
Repeated vs. Failure to Abate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-19 
Repeated vs. Willful . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-19 
Reporting 
     Abatement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-20 
     Fatality/Catastrophe. . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-21, IV-21 
     Imminent Danger Notice. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-7 
     Requirements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-20 
Representatives 
     Authorized. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-11, 12 
     Employee. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-11, 12, 18, 19 
     Employer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-11 
     Safety Committee. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-12 
     Walkaround. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-11 
Requirements 
     Failure to Meet (PMAs). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-27 
     Imminent Danger Investigations. . . . . . . . . . . . II-23 
     Notification. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-22 
     Posting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-7, 18, 19 
     Recordkeeping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-20 
     Reporting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-20 
Rescue Operations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-22 
Resources, Use of. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-4, 5 
Respirator Standard. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-23 
Retention of Inspection Records (see Disposition) 
Review Commission. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-33 to 38 
Rights 
     Employee. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-15, 19 
     Employer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-18 
     Entry of Workplace. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-25 
     Walkaround (see Walkaround) 
Safety Committee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-12 
Safety and Health Programs, Evaluation of. . . . . . . . . II-14 
Samples, Collecting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-14 
Scheduling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-3 to 5 
Scope 
     Inspection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-1, 5, 10, 23 
     Opening Conference. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-10 
     Unprogrammed Inspections. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-5 
     Warrants. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-3 
Section 4(b)(1) (Preemption) . . . . . . . . . . . II-12, III-11 
Section 5(a)(1) (see General Duty) 
Section 7(c)(1) (Contract Consultation). . . . . . . . . . II-11 
Section 8(f)(1) (Complaints) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-6, 7 
Section 11(c) Complaint. . . . . . . . . . .I-6 to 10, II-19, 24 
Section 17 Designation (Unclassified Violation). . . . . . IV-29 
Security Clearance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-13 
Selection 
     Criteria, for Inspections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-4 
     CSHO, of. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-21 
Serious Violations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-6, 17, IV-15 
Services Available to Employer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-28 
Settlements 
     Area Director, by . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-24 
     Corporate-Wide (see CPL 2.90) . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-32 
     Final Dates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-32 
     Formal Settlements (Post-Contest) . . . . . . . . . . IV-32 
     Informal Settlements (Pre-Contest) (see also ADM 1-1.13A, 
          Chapter VIII). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-28 to 32 
Severity Assessment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-9, 12 
Sign 
     Interview Statements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-16 
     Settlement Agreements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-30, 31 
Size (Factor in Penalty Calculation)IV-8, 12 to 14, 15, 17 to 19 
Solicitor 
     Clearance with. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-37 
     Compulsory Process. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-3 
     Coordination. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . III-1 
     Transmittal of File to. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-37 
Special 
     Industry (Vertical) Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . III-4 
     Inspection Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-19 
Standards 
     Alternative . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-26 
     Applicability to Construction Inspections . . . . . . II-25 
     Different . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-17 
     Employer Responsibility to Comply . . . . . . . . . . III-4 
     Horizontal amp; Vertical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . III-4 
     Identical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-17 
     Respirator. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-23 
     "Should". . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-13 
     Universal amp; Specific Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . III-4 
Statements 
     Interview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-16 
     Signing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-16 
     Transcription . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-16 
Strike/Labor Dispute . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-9 
Subpoena . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-37 
     Administrative. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-12, II-3, 7 
     CSHO, served on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-2 
Synergistic/Additive Effects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-25 
Table (Penalty). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-23 
Telephone 
     Closing Conference. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-18, 19 
     Discrimination Complaints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-9 
     Nonformal Complaints. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-8 
     Notifying Solicitor (Subpoena). . . . . . . . . . . . IV-37 
     Petition to Modify Abatement Date (PMA) . . . . . . . IV-27 
     Referrals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-10 
     Verification of Abatement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-1 
Testifying (CSHO). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-2 
Time 
     Inspection of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-1 
     Interview, of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-15 
     Limitations (Repeated Violations) . . . . . . . . . .III-17 
     Reasonable (ISAs) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-31 
Trade Secrets/Classified Information . . .I-12, II-12, 17, III-4 
Types 
     Inspections/Investigations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-3 
     Violations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . III-6 
Unclassified Violations (Section 17 Designation) . . . . . IV-29 
Universal (Horizontal) Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . III-4 
Unobserved Exposure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . III-6 
Unpreventable Employee Misconduct (Isolated Event Defense)III-30 
Unprogrammed Inspections . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-3, 5, II-9 
Use of Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-4, 5 
Variances, Violations of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . III-5 
Ventilation Standard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-20, 21 
Verification of Abatement. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-1 
Vertical Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . III-4 
Victims, Family of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-21 
Videotapes (see also Photographs and CPL 2.98) . . . . II-15, 18 
Violation-by-Violation (Egregious) . . . . III-28, IV-12, 16, 29 
Violations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . III-4 
     Apparent. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-14 
     Basis of. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . III-4 
     Combining . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . III-26, IV-10 to 12 
     Criminal/Willful. . . . . . . . . . . . III-15 to 17, IV-24 
     De Minimis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .I-7, 8, III-19 
     Egregious (Violation-by-Violation). . III-28, IV-12, 16, 29 
     Failure to Abate (see Penalty) 
     General Duty Clause . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . III-8 
     Gravity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-8 to 11, 16 to 18 
     Grouping. . . . . . . . . . . . . III-26, 27, IV-11, 12, 21 
     Health. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-20 to 25 
     Intentional and Knowing (see Willful) . . . . . . . .III-13 
     Other Laws. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-18 
     Other-Than-Serious. . . . . . . . . . . . .III-6, 27, IV-11 
     Posting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-7, 19 
     Recordkeeping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-19 
     Regulatory. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-17, 19 
     Repeated. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . III-17 to 19, IV-16 
     Section 17 Designation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-29 
     Serious . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-6, 17, IV-15 
     Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . III-6 
     Variances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . III-5 
     Unclassified (Section 17 Designation) . . . . . . . . IV-29 
     Willful . . . . . . . . . . . . . . III-13 to 15, 18, IV-17 
Voluntary Elimination of Imminent Danger . . . . . . . . . II-23 
Voluntary Compliance Programs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-10 
Voluntary Protection Programs (VPP). . . . . . . . . . . . II-11 
VPP (Voluntary Protection Program) . . . . . . . . . . . . II-11 
Walkaround 
     Inspection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-14 
     Representatives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-11 
Warrants (Compulsory Process). . . . . . . . . . . I-12, II-3, 6 
When Not to Group. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-27 
Willful Violations . . . . . . . . . . . III-13 to 15, 18, IV-17 
Withdrawal of Citation . . . . . . . . . . . . IV-5 to 7, 26, 30 
Work Practices (see also Feasible) . . . . . . . . . . . . .IV-3 
Work-Related Incident. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-20, 21 
Worksite 
     Construction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-25 
     Entry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II-25 
     Multiemployer . . . . . . . . . . . . .II-2, 10, III-28, 31 
Writing 
     Citations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III-25 

Archive Notice - OSHA Archive

NOTICE: This is an OSHA Archive Document, and no longer represents OSHA Policy. It is presented here as historical content, for research and review purposes only.



OSHA Field Inspection Reference Manual - Table of ContentsOSHA Field Inspection Reference Manual - Table of Contents