Discharge of, or discrimination against, an employee because the employee has filed "any complaint ...
under or related to this Act ..." is prohibited by section 11(c). An example of a complaint made "under" the Act would be an employee request for
inspection pursuant to section 8(f). However, this would not be the only type of complaint protected by section 11(c). The range of complaints
"related to" the Act is commensurate with the broad remedial purposes of this legislation and the sweeping scope of its application, which entails the
full extent of the commerce power. (See Cong. Rec., vol. 116 p. P. 42206 Dec. 17, 1970).
Complaints registered with other federal agencies which have the authority to regulate or investigate
occupational safety and health conditions are complaints "related to" this Act. Likewise, complaints made to State or local agencies regarding
occupational safety and health conditions would be "related to" the Act. Such complaints, however, must relate to conditions at the workplace, as
distinguished from complaints touching only upon general public safety and health.
Further, the salutary principles of the Act would be seriously undermined if employees were discouraged
from lodging complaints about occupational safety and health matters with their employers. (Section 2(1), (2), and (3).) Such complaints to employers,
if made in good faith, therefore would be related to the Act, and an employee would be protected against discharge or discrimination caused by a
complaint to the employer.