*The following requirements shall apply to the use of cranes forming
part of a vessel's permanent equipment.
Defects. Cranes with a visible or known defect that affects
safe operation shall not be used. Defects shall be reported immediately
to the officer in charge of the vessel.
Cranes with missing, broken, cracked,
scratched, or dirty glass (or equivalent) that impairs operator
visibility shall not be used.
Clothing, tools and equipment shall be stored so as not to
interfere with access, operation or the operator's view.
Accessible areas within the swing radius
of the body of a revolving crane or within the travel of a shipboard
gantry crane shall be physically guarded or other equally effective
means shall be taken during operations to prevent an employee from
being caught between the body of the crane and any fixed structure, or
between parts of the crane. Verbal warnings to employees to avoid the
dangerous area do not meet this requirement.
Limit switch bypass systems shall be secured during all cargo
operations. Such bypass systems shall not be used except in an
emergency or during non-cargo handling operations such as stowing
cranes or derricks or performing repairs. Any time a bypass system is
used, it shall be done only under the direction of an officer of the
Under all operating conditions, at least three full turns of
rope shall remain on ungrooved drums, and two full turns on grooved
Crane brakes shall be monitored during use. If crane brakes are
unable to hold the load, the crane shall not be used.
Cranes shall not be used if control levers operate with
excessive friction or excessive play.
When cranes are equipped with power down capability, there
shall be no free fall of the gear when a load is attached.
When two or more cranes hoist a load in unison, a designated
person shall direct the operation and instruct personnel in
positioning, rigging of the gear and movements to be made.
cranes. When cranes are left unattended between work
periods, 1918.66(b)(4)(i) through (v) shall apply.
[62 FR 40101, July 25, 1997]