News Releases USDL: 96-487
Thursday, November 21, 1996
Contact: Fred Kane, (202) 219-8151
OSHA Strengthens Steps To Reduce Grain Handling Risks
Compliance Directive To Assist In Inspections Issued
Further action to protect workers from against grain
handling accidents has been taken by the Occupational Safety and
Health Administration (OSHA).
The agency is giving its inspectors new directions that
clarify provisions of the OSHA grain handling standard. The
directive includes revisions made March 8th that ensured greater
protection from being smothered by grain or getting trapped when
mechanical equipment is used to move the grain.
The revisions were prompted by the Oct. 22, 1993 death of
Patrick Hayes, who was walking across the corn in the Showell
Farms, Inc., corn structure in De Funiak Springs, Fla., when he
was pulled down into the grain and suffocated.
OSHA's directive outlines the facilities covered by the
standard, according to Standard Industrial Classification (SIC)
codes. It also clarifies such topics as emergency action plans,
employee training, hot work permits, entry into grain storage
structures, informing contractors on safety rules of the
facilities, requirements for housekeeping practices to reduce
accumulation of dust and prevent explosions, handling of spills,
emergency escape facilities, temperatures for drying grain and
storage capacity of the workplace.
Only compliance safety and health officers who are well
trained and experienced in grain handling inspections should
normally be assigned to conduct the inspections, according to the
directive. It also directs compliance officers to wear natural
fiber clothing such as cotton that is non-spark-producing and to
take precautions in using manlifts and other means to gain access
to upper levels of a facility.
States and territories operating their own OSHA-approved
occupational safety and health programs have six months to adopt
similar guidelines or an alternative that provides "at least as
effective" employee protection.
OSHA's Instruction CPL 2-1.4C, "Grain Handling Facilities--Inspection
Guidance and Standard Clarification," is available on
the Internet at http://www.osha.gov under Other OSHA Documents,
Directives, CPL 2-1.4C. This information also will be placed on
an upcoming issue of the OSHA CD-ROM. Single printed copies are
available by mail after Nov. 8, 1996, to requestors who send a
self-addressed label to OSHA Publications, P.O. Box 3735,
Washington, D.C. 20013-7535.