News Release USDL: 97-425
Tuesday, November 25, 1997
Contact: Susan Fleming (202)219-8151
Employers Offered Partnership,
Reduced Chance of Inspection
OSHA EXPANDS COOPERATIVE COMPLIANCE PROGRAMS
TO REDUCE INJURIES AND ILLNESSES IN THE WORKPLACE
An award-winning enforcement partnership program
developed by the Occupational Safety and Health
Administration (OSHA) is expanding nationwide as
the Cooperative Compliance Program (CCP) is offered
to 12,250 employers, Secretary of Labor Alexis M.
Herman announced today. The program is part of
the agency's strategy to reduce injuries and
illnesses in the workplace.
OSHA's Maine 200 Program, the prototype for
CCP, won the prestigious Innovation in American
Government Award from the Ford Foundation as well
as the Hammer Award from Vice President Al Gore's
National Performance Review.
"One of my top priorities is protecting the safety
and health of the American worker," said Herman in
announcing the program. "I believe most employers
share that goal and will welcome the opportunity
to work in partnership with OSHA in finding and
fixing workplace hazards. The bottom line is saving
lives and saving money."
Herman said OSHA is committed to reducing injuries
and illnesses in 100,000 workplaces by 20 percent
over the next five years, and this partnership
program will help the agency reach that goal.
Employers that accept OSHA's offer to join
the Cooperative Compliance Program and commit
to the program criteria can reduce their chances
of a safety and health inspection from 100 percent
to 30 percent; small employers that request special
compliance assistance reduce their inspection
chances to 10 percent.
CCPs are part of the new, common-sense approach
to OSHA announced by President Clinton in May 1995.
They expand the agency's successful Maine 200 program
that focused on the 200 companies in Maine with the
highest workers' compensation rates and helped 70
percent of them to reduce serious injuries.
Key to reducing those injuries is establishing an
effective safety and health program, a critical
commitment each participant makes when joining CCP.
Employers agree to find and fix hazards, work toward
reducing injuries and illnesses, fully involve employees
in their safety and health program, share injury
and illness data and provide OSHA with information
from their annual injury and illness records.
"We want to work with employers and help them do
the right thing," said Assistant Secretary of Labor
for Occupational Safety and Health Charles N. Jeffress.
"This program offers employers a choice: partnership
or traditional enforcement. It also enables us to
focus our agency's resources where we can do the
"Employers are not forced or required to join the
CCP. Those that do join are placed on a secondary
or tertiary inspection scheduling list. Those that
elect not to join will remain on OSHA's primary
inspection list," said Jeffress.
The new compliance program grows out of the
agency's 1996 data initiative in which OSHA
collected information from about 80,000 employers
in targeted industries where many injuries and
illnesses occur. The companies, all with 60 or
more employees, represent manufacturing and
other selected standard industrial classifications.
Based on the data, about 500 companies with either
the highest injury and illness rate or with a high
injury and illness rate coupled with a significant
OSHA history receive comprehensive safety and
health inspections. Another 14,500 with lost
workday injury rates of 7.0 or higher (about double
the national average of 3.6) will receive an invitation
to participate in the CCP. Those that choose not to
participate remain on OSHA's primary inspection list.
Under CCP, OSHA is encouraging employers with
100 or fewer workers to seek free help from
their state OSHA Consultation Program to set
up effective safety and health programs. Those
who do so will reduce their likelihood of
inspection to one in 10. CCP participants
with more than 100 workers and smaller employers
not working with consultation services face a
three in ten chance of inspection. Those
invited to participate have until Jan. 30,
1998, to let OSHA know whether or not they
will join the program. OSHA CCP participant
inspections will begin May 4, 1998, giving
employers time to find and correct hazards
and begin implementing or improving their
safety and health programs.
According to Jeffress, CCP participants benefit
because they learn in advance that they are on
OSHA's primary inspection list and reduce their
chances of inspection by 70 or 90 percent.
Inspections for participants will likely be
shorter with lower penalties, provided the
employer has worked diligently to identify
and correct hazards and to implement his or
her safety and health program. Those who
successfully fulfill the requirements of
the program should reduce injuries, illnesses
and fatalities, leading to lower workers'
compensation costs and reduced insurance costs.
Jeffress said workers whose companies join the
program will be more involved in workplace
safety and health and will get training to do
their jobs safely. They should experience
fewer injuries and illnesses and an improved
quality of worklife.
OSHA also benefits by extending its resources
and expanding the base of employers with safety
and health programs, Jeffress said. OSHA's
experience has demonstrated that effective
safety and health programs are the critical
difference between employers with low injury
rates and those with high rates.
Nine states under the jurisdiction of federal
OSHA currently have CCP programs. They are
Alabama, Georgia, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi,
New Hampshire, North Dakota, South Dakota and
Wisconsin. North Dakota, South Dakota and
Idaho will continue their existing programs
for another year. The other six states will
convert to the new federal CCP system.
Twenty other states with private sector
occupational safety and health coverage
under federal jurisdiction will be added
to the new federal CCP system. They are
Arkansas, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware,
Florida, Illinois, Kansas, Louisiana,
Massachusetts, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska,
New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma,
Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Texas and
Six states that operate their own occupational
safety and health programs have had partnership
programs similar to the CCP in place during
FY 1997, while others have been working on
their own approaches. While state plan
states are not required to adopt the CCP
concept, OSHA anticipates more partnership
efforts among the states during FY 1998.
States will be asked to provide details
on any such programs in response to the
new federal directive.
"OSHA High Injury/Illness Rate Targeting
and Cooperative Compliance Programs," CPL
2-0.119, the OSHA compliance directive
implementing the CCP program, will be posted
on the agency's Internet site (http://www.osha.gov/)
on December 5, 1997. After that date,
single copies will be available upon
request from OSHA Publications, telephone