[Federal Register: October 30, 2007 (Volume 72, Number 209)]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Occupational Safety and Health Administration
[Docket No. OSHA-2007-0075]
Standard on the Control of Hazardous Energy (Lockout/Tagout);
Extension of the Office of Management and Budget's (OMB) Approval of
Information Collection (Paperwork) Requirements
AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), Labor.
ACTION: Request for public comment.
SUMMARY: OSHA solicits public comment concerning its proposal to extend
OMB approval of the information collection requirements specified in
the Standard on the Control of Hazardous Energy (Lockout/Tagout) (29
DATES: Comments must be submitted (postmarked, sent, or received) by
December 31, 2007.
Electronically: You may submit comments and attachments
electronically at http://www.regulations.gov, which is the Federal
eRulemaking Portal. Follow the instructions online for submitting
Facsimile: If your comments, including attachments, are not longer
than 10 pages, you may fax them to the OSHA Docket Office at (202) 693-
Mail, hand delivery, express mail, messenger, or courier service:
When using this method, you must submit three copies of your comments
and attachments to the OSHA Docket Office, Docket No. OSHA-2007-0075,
U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health
Administration, Room N-2625, 200 Constitution Avenue, NW., Washington,
DC 20210. Deliveries (hand, express mail, messenger, and courier
service) are accepted during the Department of Labor's and Docket
Office's normal business hours, 8:15 a.m. to 4:45 p.m., e.t.
Instructions: All submissions must include the Agency name and OSHA
docket number for the ICR (OSHA-2007-0075). All comments, including any
personal information you provide, are placed in the public docket
without change, and may be made available online at http://www.regulations.gov.
For further information on submitting comments see
the "Public Participation" heading in the section of this notice
titled SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION.
Docket: To read or download comments or other material in the
docket, go to http://www.regulations.gov or the OSHA Docket Office at
the address above. All documents in the docket (including this Federal
Register notice) are listed in the http://www.regulations.gov; index
however, some information (e.g., copyrighted material) is not publicly
available to read or download through the Web site. All submissions,
including copyrighted material, are available for inspection and
copying at the OSHA Docket Office. You may also contact Theda Kenney at
the address below to obtain a copy of the ICR.
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Theda Kenney or Todd Owen, Directorate
of Standards and Guidance, OSHA, U.S. Department of Labor, Room N-3609,
200 Constitution Avenue, NW., Washington, DC 20210; telephone (202)
The Department of Labor, as part of its continuing effort to reduce
paperwork and respondent (i.e., employer) burden, conducts a
preclearance consultation program to provide the public with an
opportunity to comment on proposed and continuing information
collection requirements in accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act
of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A)). This program ensures that
information is in the desired format, reporting burden (time and costs)
is minimal, collection instruments are clearly understood, and OSHA's
estimate of the information collection burden is accurate. The
Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (the OSH Act) (29 U.S.C. 651
et seq.) authorizes information collection by employers as necessary or
appropriate for enforcement of the Act or for developing information
regarding the causes and prevention of occupational injuries,
illnesses, and accidents (29 U.S.C. 657). The OSH Act also requires
that OSHA obtain such information with minimum burden upon employers,
especially those operating small businesses, and to reduce to the
maximum extent feasible unnecessary duplication of efforts in obtaining
information (29 U.S.C. 657).
The Standard specifies several paperwork requirements. The
following sections describe who uses the information collected under
each requirement, as well as how they use it. The purpose of these
requirements is to control the release of hazardous energy sources
while employees service, maintain, or repair machines or equipment when
activation, start up, or release of energy from an energy source is
possible; proper control of hazardous energy sources prevent death or
serious injury among these employees.
Energy Control Procedure (paragraph (c)(4)(i)). With limited
exception, employers must document the procedures used to isolate from
its energy source and render inoperative, any machine or equipment
prior to servicing, maintenance, or repair by employees. These
procedures are necessary when activation, start up, or release of
stored energy from the energy source is possible, and such release
could cause injury to the employees.
Paragraph (c)(4)(ii) states that the required documentation must
clearly and specifically outline the scope, purpose, authorization,
rules, and techniques employees are to use to control hazardous energy,
and the means to enforce compliance. The document must include at least
the following elements:
(A) A specific statement regarding the use of the procedure;
(B) Detailed procedural steps for shutting down, isolating,
blocking, and securing machines or equipment to control hazardous
energy, and for placing, removing, and transferring lockout or tagout
devices, including the responsibility for doing so; and,
(C) Requirements for testing a machine or equipment to determine
and verify the effectiveness of lockout or tagout devices, as well as
other energy control measures.
The employer uses the information in this document as the basis for
informing and training employees about the purpose and function of the
energy control procedures, and the safe application, use, and removal
of energy controls. In addition, this information enables employers to
effectively identify operations and processes in the workplace that
require energy control procedures.
Periodic Inspection (paragraph (c)(6)(ii)). Under paragraph
(c)(6)(i), employers are to conduct inspections of energy control
procedures at least annually. An authorized employee (other than an
authorized employee using the energy control procedure that is the
subject of the inspection is to conduct the inspection and correct any
deviations or inadequacies identified. For procedures involving either
lockout or tagout, the inspection must include a review, between the
inspector and each authorized employee, of that employee's
responsibilities under the procedure; for procedures using tagout
systems, the review also involves affected employees, and includes an
assessment of the employees' knowledge of the training elements
required for these systems. Paragraph (c)(6)(ii) requires employers to
certify the inspection by documenting the date of the inspection, and
identifying the machine or equipment inspected and the employee who
performed the inspection.
Training and Communication (paragraph (c)(7)(iv)). Paragraph
(c)(7)(i) specifies that employers must establish a training program
that enables employees to understand the purpose and function of the
energy control procedures, and provides them with the knowledge and
skills necessary for the safe application, use, and removal of energy
controls. According to paragraph (c)(7)(i), employers are to ensure
that: Authorized employees recognize the applicable hazardous energy
sources, the type and magnitude of the energy available in the
workplace, and the methods and means necessary for energy isolation and
control; affected employees obtain instruction on the
purpose and use of the energy control procedure; and other employees
who work, or may work, near operations using the energy control
procedure receive training about the procedure, as well as the
prohibition regarding attempts to restart or reactivate machines or
equipment having locks or tags to control energy release.
Under paragraph (c)(7)(ii), when the employer uses a tagout system,
the training program must inform employees that: Tags are warning
labels affixed to energy isolating devices, and, therefore, they do not
provide the physical restraint on those devices that locks do;
employees are not to remove tags attached to an energy isolating
devices unless permitted to do so by the authorized employee
responsible for the tag, and they are never to bypass, ignore, or in
any manner defeat the tagout system; tags must be legible and
understandable by authorized and affected employees, as well as by
other employees who work, or may work, near operations using the energy
control procedure; the materials used for tags, including the means of
attaching them, must withstand the environmental conditions encountered
in the workplace; tags evoke a false sense of security, and employees
must understand that tags are only part of the overall energy control
program; and they must attach tags securely to energy isolating devices
to prevent removal of the tags during use.
Paragraph (c)(7)(iii) states that employers must retrain authorized
and affected employees when a change occurs in: Their job assignments,
the machines, equipment, or processes such that a new hazard is
present; and the energy control procedures. Employers also must provide
retraining when they have reason to believe, or periodic inspection
required under paragraph (c)(6) indicates, that deviations and
inadequacies exist in an employee's knowledge or use of energy control
procedures. The retraining must reestablish employee proficiency and,
if necessary, introduce new or revised energy control procedures.
Under paragraph (c)(7)(iv), employers are to certify that employees
completed the required training, and that this training is up-to-date.
The certification is to contain each employee's name and the training
Training employees to recognize hazardous energy sources and to
understand the purpose and function of the energy control procedures,
and providing them with the knowledge and skills necessary to implement
safe application, use, and removal of energy controls, enables them to
prevent serious accidents by using appropriate control procedures in a
safe manner to isolate these hazards. In addition, written
certification of the training assures the employer that employees
receive the training specified by the Standard.
Disclosure of Inspection and Training Certification Records
(paragraphs (c)(6)(ii) and (c)(7)(iv)). The inspection records provide
employers with assurance that employees can safely and effectively
service, maintain, and repair machines and equipment covered by the
Standard. These records also provide the most efficient means for an
OSHA compliance officer to determine that an employer is complying with
the Standard, and that the machines and equipment are safe for
servicing, maintenance, and repair. The training records provide the
most efficient means for an OSHA compliance officer to determine
whether an employer has performed the required training.
Notification of Employees (paragraph (c)(9)). This provision
requires the employer to notify affected employees prior to applying,
and after removing, a lockout or tagout device from a machine or
equipment. Such notification informs employees of the impending
interruption of the normal production operation, and serves as a
reminder of the restrictions imposed on them by the energy control
program. In addition, this requirement ensures that employees do not
attempt to reactivate a machine or piece of equipment after an
authorized employee isolates its energy source and renders it
inoperative. Notifying employees after removing an energy control
device alerts them that the machines and equipment are no longer safe
for servicing, maintenance, and repair.
Off-site Personnel (Contractors, etc.) (paragraph (f)(2)(i)). When
the on-site employer uses an off-site employer (e.g., a contractor) to
perform the activities covered by the scope and application of the
Standard, the two employers must inform each other regarding their
respective lockout or tagout procedures. This provision ensures that
each employer knows about the unique energy control procedures used by
the other employer; this knowledge prevents any misunderstanding
regarding the implementation of lockout or tagout procedures, and the
use of lockout or tagout devices for a particular application.
II. Special Issues for Comment
OSHA has a particular interest in comments on the following issues:
Whether the proposed information collection requirements
are necessary for the proper performance of the Agency's functions,
including whether the information is useful;
The accuracy of OSHA's estimate of the burden (time and
costs) of the information collection requirements, including the
validity of the methodology and assumptions used;
The quality, utility, and clarity of the information
Ways to minimize the burden on employers who must comply;
for example, by using automated or other technological information
collection and transmission techniques.
III. Proposed Actions
OSHA is requesting that OMB extend its approval of the information
collection requirements contained in the Standard on the Control of
Hazardous Energy (Lockout/Tagout) (29 CFR 1910.147). The Agency is
requesting a net decrease of 407,924 burden hours (from 3,421,527 to
3,013,603). The Agency will summarize the comments submitted in
response to this notice and will include this summary in the request to
Type of Review: Extension of a currently approved collection.
Title: Standard on the Control of Hazardous Energy (Lockout/
OMB Number: 1218-0150.
Affected Public: Business or other for-profit.
Frequency of Recordkeeping: Initially; Annually; On occasion.
Number of Respondents: 769,748.
Total Responses: 83,380,843.
Estimated Time per Response: Varies from 15 seconds (.004 hour) for
an employer or authorized employee to notify affected employees prior
to applying, and after removing, a lockout/tagout device from a machine
or equipment to 80 hours for certain employers to develop energy
Total Burden Hours: 3,013,603.
Estimated Cost (Operation and Maintenance): $0.
IV. Public Participation--Submission of Comments on this Notice and
Internet Access to Comments and Submissions
You may submit comments in response to this document as follows:
(1) Electronically at http://www.regulations.gov, which is the Federal
eRulemaking Portal; (2) by facsimile (FAX); or (3) by hard copy. All
comments, attachments, and other material must identify the Agency name
and the OSHA docket number for the ICR (Docket No. OSHA-2007-0075). You
may supplement electronic submissions by uploading document files
electronically. If you wish to mail additional materials in reference
to an electronic or facsimile submission, you must submit them to the
OSHA Docket Office (see the section of this notice titled ADDRESSES).
The additional materials must clearly identify your electronic comments
by your name, date, and the docket number so the Agency can attach them
to your comments.
Because of security procedures, the use of regular mail may cause a
significant delay in the receipt of comments. For information about
security procedures concerning the delivery of materials by hand,
express delivery, messenger, or courier service, please contact the
OSHA Docket Office at (202) 693-2350 (TTY (877) 889-5627).
Comments and submissions are posted without change at http://www.regulations.gov.
Therefore, OSHA cautions commenters about submitting personal information
such as social security numbers and date of birth. Although all submissions
are listed in the http://www.regulations.gov index, some information
(e.g., copyrighted material) is not publicly available to read or download through this
Web site. All submissions, including copyrighted material, are
available for inspection and copying at the OSHA Docket Office.
Information on using the http://www.regulations.gov Web site to submit
comments and access the docket is available at the Web site's "User
Tips" link. Contact the OSHA Docket Office for information about
materials not available through the Web site, and for assistance in
using the Internet to locate docket submissions.
V. Authority and Signature
Edwin G. Foulke, Jr., Assistant Secretary of Labor for Occupational
Safety and Health, directed the preparation of this notice. The
authority for this notice is the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44
U.S.C. 3506 et seq.) and Secretary of Labor's Order No. 5-2007 (72 FR
Signed at Washington, DC, on October 24, 2007.
Edwin G. Foulke, Jr.,
Assistant Secretary of Labor for Occupational Safety and Health.
[FR Doc. E7-21288 Filed 10-29-07; 8:45 am]
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