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There are 25 states and two territories that administer OSHA-approved job safety and health plans (i.e., State Plan states and territories). Generally, these plans cover state and local government employers, as well as private-sector employees. The Connecticut, Illinois, New Jersey, New York, and Virgin Islands plans cover public-sector employers only. States and territories with approved plans must have standards that are identical to, or at least as effective as, the Federal OSHA standards.
*Plan covers public-sector employers only. In these states and territory, Federal OSHA covers private-sector employers.
Employers applying for a variance in a state or territory with an OSHA-approved plan must submit the applications to the state or territory where they are seeking the variance. If the employer is seeking a variance for sites in multiple states or territories with OSHA-approved plans and one or more states and territories in which Federal OSHA has sole regulatory authority, employers must submit the variance application to Federal OSHA. In these cases, OSHA will coordinate the variance process with the states and territories with OSHA-approved plans.
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