Figure 1. Forklift operator using a seat belt.
Forklifts can incorporate many warning and safety devices
to help protect operators, pedestrians, other forklift operators and others.
Powered industrial trucks may be equipped by the manufacturer with the following safety devices:
Figure 2. Fire extinguisher.
Figure 3. Safety
mirror with pedestrian in view.
Figure 4. Warning strobe light flashes as operator backs up.
Requirements and Recommended Practices:
- Seat belts and similar restraints
- Backup alarms that sound when forklift reverses
- Fire extinguisher
- Warning lights that flash
- Directional signals and brake lights
- Equip every power-propelled truck with an operator-controlled horn, whistle,
gong, or other sound-producing device. ANSI B56.1-1969 Incorporated by
- Equip every truck with an operator-controlled horn, whistle, gong, or
other sound-producing device. ANSI/ITSDF B56.1-2005.
- Where appropriate to the worksite, equip trucks with additional
sound-producing or visual (such as lights or blinkers) devices. ANSI/ITSDF
OSHA Instruction CPL 02-01-028 (CPL 2-1.28A) - Compliance Assistance for the
Powered Industrial Truck Operator Training Standards (Nov. 30, 2000). Section
1910.178 does not currently contain requirements for the use of operator
restraint systems. However, Section 5(a)(1) of the OSH Act requires employers to
protect employees from serious and recognized hazards.
OSHA's Seat Belt Policy:
OSHA's enforcement policy on the use of seat belts on powered industrial trucks
in general industry is that employers are obligated to require operators of
powered industrial trucks that are equipped with operator restraint devices,
including seat belts, to use the devices.
- ANSI/ITSDF B56.1-2005 - Safety Standard for Low Lift and High Lift Trucks.