Ergonomics is the science of fitting workplace conditions and job demands to the capabilities of
the working population. Effective and successful "fits" assure high productivity, avoidance of illness and injury risks,
and increased satisfaction among the workforce. Although the scope of ergonomics is much broader, the term here refers to
assessing those work-related factors that may pose a risk of musculoskeletal disorders and recommendations to alleviate them.
Common examples of ergonomic risk factors are found in jobs requiring repetitive, forceful, or prolonged exertions of the hands;
frequent or heavy lifting, pushing, pulling, or carrying of heavy objects; and prolonged awkward postures. Vibration and cold may
add risk to these work conditions. Jobs or working conditions presenting multiple risk factors will have a higher probability of
causing a musculoskeletal problem. The level of risk depends on the intensity, frequency, and duration of the exposure to these
conditions. Environmental work conditions that affect risk include intensity, frequency and duration of activities.